Power of Siberia Gas Pipeline

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.
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Power of Siberia Gas Pipeline is a proposed natural gas pipeline in Russia.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Kovyktinskoye through Chayandinskoye to Blagoveshchensk.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Gazprom
  • Current capacity: 61 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 2,485 miles / 4,000 kilometers
  • Status: Construction
  • Start Year: 2019

Background

The Power of Siberia (Сила Сибири) Gas Pipeline (formerly known as Yakutia–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline) is a natural gas pipeline under construction in Eastern Siberia to transport Yakutia's gas to Primorsky Krai and Far East countries.

History

On 29 October 2012 president Vladimir Putin instructed the general manager of Gazprom to start construction of the pipeline.[2] On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a 30-year gas deal, and construction was launched on 1 September 2014 in Yakutsk by president Putin and Chinese deputy premier minister Zhang Gaoli.[3][4] Construction of the pipeline from Vladivostok to China started on 29 June 2015.[5]

  • 4 September 2016: Gazprom’s Chairman Alexei Miller and China National Petroleum Corporation’s Chairman Wang Yilin signed an agreement to build a crossing under the Amur River for the pipeline.[6]
  • April 2017: The pipeline’s construction had crossed the Chinese border.[7]
  • May 2017: A temporary checkpoint was built along the Russian-Chinese border.[8]

The current plan is to complete 1,300 kilometers of the pipeline before the end of 2017.[9] Construction is currently ahead of schedule, thanks to a warmer-than-expected 2016 winter.[10] In July 2017 Gazprom announced that more than half the pipeline would be built by the end of 2017 and that it planned to commission the pipeline in December 2019.[11]

Technical description

The pipeline is expected to cost 770 billion roubles and the investment in the gas production is 430 billion roubles.[2][12] Capacity of the 1400-mm (56-in) pipeline would be up to 61 billion cubic meters (2.2 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per year.[13] 38 billion cubic meters (1.3 trillion cubic feet) would be supplied to China.[12][14] The pipeline's working pressure is 9.8 megapascals (1,421 psi).[15]

The pipeline will be able to withstand temperatures as low as -62°C (-79.6°F).[7] Nanocomposite coatings manufactured and engineered by JSC Metaclay will be used to increase the lifetime of the pipeline.[16] Furthermore, the pipeline will be able to withstand earthquakes by incorporating materials that can withstand seismic activity.[7] Internal coatings ensure energy efficiency by reducing the friction of the pipeline’s inner surfaces.[7] The mass of all the pipes used to construct the pipeline is greater than 2.5 megatons.[17]

Route

A 3,200-km (1,988-mi) section of the pipeline will start from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia. It will partly run within an integrated corridor with the second stage of the Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline. In Khabarovsk, it will be connected with the Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline. Together these pipelines will feed a planned LNG plant, which will produce liquefied natural gas for export to Japan, and a planned petrochemical complex in Primorsky Krai.[18][19] Branches to Northern China are envisaged.

In addition, the project includes an 800-km (497-mi) pipeline from Irkutsk to Yakutia.

Source of supply

The pipeline will be fed from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia.[20] The gas field is expected to begin producing in 2019.[12] Later the Kovykta field, which would come operational by 2021, will be connected to the pipeline.[12][21] Independent producers may supply up to 25 billion cubic meters (880 billion cubic feet) of natural gas.[22]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Power of Siberia, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 Template error: argument title is required. 
  3. "Putin In Yakutsk To Inaugurate Construction Of Pipeline To China" (1 September 2014). Retrieved on 2014-09-02. 
  4. "Putin gives start to Power of Siberia gas pipeline construction" (1 September 2014). Retrieved on 2014-09-02. 
  5. "China begins construction of Power of Siberia pipeline for gas delivered from Russia" (in en-US), RT International. 
  6. Gazprom and CNPC sign EPC contract to construct underwater crossing of Power of Siberia (en).
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Power of Siberia (en).
  8. "Power of Siberia reaches construction milestone" (in en), World Pipelines (2017-05-12). 
  9. Gazprom accelerates plans for Power of Siberia construction. Interfax Global Energy (2017-08-03).
  10. Power of Siberia targets 1,100 km this year. Interfax Global Energy (2017-06-08).
  11. Can Gazprom deliver Power of Siberia gas to China by 2020?, Wood Mackenzie, Sep. 6, 2017
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Template error: argument title is required. 
  13. Putting the Power into Siberia (en).
  14. "Rosneft challenges Gazprom monopoly to export Russian pipeline gas" (7 March 2014). Retrieved on 2014-04-11. 
  15. Gazprom project ahead of schedule (2017-06-15).
  16. Fostering A New Industry: Nanomaterials. Rusnano. 
  17. Power of Siberia Pipeline.
  18. "Gas Will Be Delivered to Japan through Vladivostok", Vladivostok Times (2008-06-24). Retrieved on 2008-08-02. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. 
  19. Gazprom map of gas pipelines in Siberia, planned and projected retrieved 2012-11-26
  20. "Gazprom Eying Chayandinskoye, Sakhalin-3 Licenses", Rigzone (2008-06-15). Retrieved on 2008-08-02. 
  21. "Gazprom, CNPC sign memorandum on eastern route pipeline gas supplies to China (Part 2)" (22 March 2013). Retrieved on 2014-04-10. 
  22. Template error: argument title is required. 

Related SourceWatch articles

Existing Pipelines in Russia

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Power of Siberia (Power of Siberia). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].