Star Refinery Socar power station

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{{#badges:CoalSwarm|Navbar-Turkeycoal}}Star Refinery Socar power station is a proposed 672-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in İzmir province, Turkey.

The 672MW project was called off in October 2016. A 520 MW coal plant was floated in 2018, but has been put on hold.


The undated satellite photo below shows the rough site of the proposed coal plant, near Aliağa city, Aliağa district, İzmir province. The Star Refinery is being built on the other side of the bluff, about a mile to the southeast of the coal plant's site.

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Background on Plant

Protesters at a hearing for the Socar Power-2 project in Aliağa in October 2013.[1]

In September 2008, Socar Turkey (a subsidiary of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan) began work on the Star Refinery, a new oil refinery adjacent to the Petkim petrochemicals facility near Aliağa. The refinery is expected to be completed in 2017.[2]

In May 2012, Socar Power, a subsidiary of SOCAR, applied for final permits to build a coal-fired power plant about a mile away from the refinery site, to help power the refinery's operations. An environmental permitting hearing was held in Aliağa in April 2012. The plant would burn both coal and petroleum coke.[3][4][5] Socar Power hoped to bring the coal plant online simultaneously with the refinery, in 2017.[6]

In September 2013, SOCAR submitted an EIA for the coal plant.[7][8] In July 2013, an initial environmental permit from the Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning was issued. An environmental permitting hearing in Aliağa in October 2013 could not be held after 150-200 angry environmentalists showed up for a hearing in a room that could only hold 50 people.[9] In February 2014, a local court stayed the plant's EIA, ruling that the public hearing process had been insufficient.[1]

In January 2015 it was announced that the oil refinery project had raised US$3.29 billion in debt financing from seven export credit agencies (CESCE, Export Development Canada, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, JBIC, the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation, NEXI, and SACE) and 16 commercial banks.[10]

In October 2016 SOCAR’s management said it had decided not to pursue the coal power plant project. The project had been opposed by civil society groups for years over its environmental and health effects, and close proximity to the ancient city of Kyme.[11]

2018 proposal for 4 x 130 MW plant

In September 2018 it was reported in Chinese media that a subsidiary of Power Construction Corporation of China, Shandong Electric Power Construction Corporation III or SEPCO III, is planning to sign a contract for the construction work of a captive power plant with Socar.[12] Later in September 2018 it was announced that Shandong had put the project on hold due to the country's unstable political situation.[13]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Socar Power
  • Parent company: State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR)
  • Location: Aliağa city, Aliağa district, İzmir province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 38.817, 26.9103 (exact)
  • Status: Shelved
  • Detailed status:
  • Gross capacity: 520 MW (Units 1-4: 130 MW)
  • Type:
  • Projected in service: 2021
  • Coal type:
  • Coal source: Imported (Russia, South America, South Africa)[7]
  • Source of financing: CESCE, Export Development Canada, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, JBIC, the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation, NEXI, and SACE

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