Torquato Jardim "is an attorney and former Justice of the Superior Electoral Court (1988-92) of Brazil, and he received his education from the University of Michigan Law School, Georgetown Law Center and the University of Paris–Strasbourg. Mr. Jardim is presently serving as a professor of Constitutional Law and the president of the Brazilian Institute of Elections Law (IBRADE). He is the author of several articles on election law and the book Direito Eleitoral Positivo (1998)." 
- Editorial Advisory Board, democracy at large
- "Biography", democracy at large, Accessed March 2007.