Trans-Caribbean Gas Pipeline

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.

Trans-Caribbean Gas Pipeline is a mothballed natural gas pipeline.[1]


The pipeline runs from Maracaibo, Venezuala, to La Guajira, Colombia.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Petróleos de Venezuela S.A.
  • Parent Company: Petróleos de Venezuela S.A.
  • Current capacity: 5 billion cubic meters per year
  • Proposed capacity:
  • Length: 139 miles / 224 km
  • Status: Mothballed
  • Start Year: 2007


Construction of the pipeline began on 8 July 2006 and it was inaugurated on 12 October 2007.[2] In November 2009, Colombia reduced exports from 220 million cubic feet a day to 70 million cubic feet a day due to a drought that required an increase of gas-fired power generation to support the decrease in hydro-power plants' reservoirs.[3] On 9 October 2013, the pipeline was attacked, temporarily suspending the supply of natural gas from Colombia to Venezuela. The attack was attributed to FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) rebels.[4] From May 2014 to February 2015, Colombia again suspended gas exports through the pipeline due to drought. When the gas exports resumed, Colombia exported an estimated 50 million cubic feet a day, about half the amount that was exported before May 2014.[5] On 11 June 2015, Petróleos de Venezuela S.A.(PdV) announced that it would not renew the contract to import gas from Colombia, letting the contract expire on 30 June. As a result, the pipeline is currently not in use.[6]


The first stage of the pipeline is 224.4 km (139.4 mi) long and runs from Maracaibo in the state of Zulia in Venezuela to the Puerto Ballena gas fields in Guajira Department, La Guajira, Colombia. Transported gas is used by Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. for injection in its oil reservoirs to boost oil production. Natural gas is supplied by Ecopetrol and Chevron Corporation.[2][7]

The construction of the first stage cost US$467 million.[2] Its maximum capacity is 5 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year.[8]


The operator of the pipeline is Petróleos de Venezuela.[2]

The original plan of the pipeline was for Colombia to pump gas to Venezuela until 2011, when the direction of the pipeline would be reversed, allowing Venezuela to export gas to Colombia.[9] The reversal of the pipeline was delayed by PdV multiple times, most recently in December 2016. The plan to reverse the pipeline never occurred due to PdV's financial troubles.[10]

Articles and resources


  1. Trans-Caribbean pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed February 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Colombia gas-links with Venezuela and joins Bank of the South", MercoPress (2007-10-12). Retrieved on 2009-07-26. 
  3. "Ecopetrol and Chevron reduce gas exports to Venezuela" (in en-US), Colombia News | Colombia Reports (2009-11-06). 
  4. "Attack on pipeline cuts off Colombia gas exports to Venezuela", Reuters (2013-09-09). 
  5. News Story - Argus Media.
  6. "Venezuela's PDVSA says halting Colombia gas imports", Reuters (2015-06-21). 
  7. "Construction starts on Colombia-Venezuela natural gas pipeline", EFE (2006-07-08). Retrieved on 2007-07-03. 
  8. " - News and Information for the Downstream Oil and…", Downstream Today (2009-06-12). 
  9. "Colombia gas-links with Venezuela and joins Bank of the South", MercoPress (2007-10-12). Retrieved on 2009-07-26. 
  10. Colombian distributor eyes abandoned PdV gas line, Argus Media, Apr. 3, 2017

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External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Trans-Caribbean Gas Pipeline (Trans-Caribbean pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].