North American Union
This article describes allegations that the U.S. government plans to create a "North American Union" (NAU). This article's references excerpt from various documents to suggest that “behind closed doors, the Bush administration has collaborated with the governments of Mexico and Canada to merge the three nations into one Socialist mega-state.” The validity of such claims has been challenged as "right-wing conspiracy theories" that are speculative and unreliable.
- 1 Allegations of a Plan or Blueprint under Bush
- 2 Partnership for Prosperity
- 3 SPP Working Groups
- 4 NAFTA Super-Highways
- 5 Permanent Tribunal
- 6 Biometric Border Pass
- 7 North American Emergency Management
- 8 Bilateral and Trilateral Partnerships and Agreements
- 9 U.S. Legislation & Executive Orders
- 10 Testimony, Publications and Reports
- 11 News Releases
- 12 Published Works
- 13 External links
- 14 References
- 15 Related SourceWatch Resources
Allegations of a Plan or Blueprint under Bush
The "plan to create" a North American Union as a regional government—comprising a collective government for the United States, Canada, and Mexico—is "directly stated only" in the May 2005 task force report Building a North American Community published by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), Jerome Corsi wrote June 26, 2006.
The "blueprint" which President George W. Bush is following to create a North American Union was "laid out" in the May 2005 report, Corsi wrote May 19, 2006. "The CFR report connects the dots between the Bush administration's actual policy on illegal immigration and the drive to create the North American Union."
Bush is "pursuing a globalist agenda to create a North American Union, effectively erasing our borders with both Mexico and Canada," which, Corsi wrote, is "the hidden agenda behind the Bush administration's true open borders policy."
The plan, Corsi wrote, is "contained" in the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, "little noticed" by the mainstream media when President Bush, Mexico's President Vicente Fox, and Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin "created it" March 23, 2005, in a summit held at Waco, Texas.
A North American Union is being created "through a process of governmental regulations" and without ever "having to bring the issue before the American people for a clear referendum or vote," Corsi wrote May 24, 2006.
Partnership for Prosperity
"In September of 2001, during President Bush's first state visit, President Bush and President Fox launched the Partnership for Prosperity, a private-public alliance to harness the power of the private sector to foster an environment in which no Mexican feels compelled to leave his home for lack of jobs or opportunity."—Office of NAFTA and Inter-American Affairs 
SPP Working Groups
"Canada has established an SPP working group within their Foreign Affairs department," Corsi reported May 30, 2006. "Mexico has placed the SPP within the office of the Secretaria de Economia and created an extensive website for the Alianza Para La Securidad y La Prosperidad de Améica del Norte (ASPAN). On this Mexican website, ASPAN is described as 'a permanent, tri-lateral process to create a major integration of North America.'"
"What is objectionable is the plan to form a European Union-style North American Super-Highway system whose primary goal is to establish trilateral links for the open passage of freight transportation and the virtually unrestrained 'migration' of people among the three countries. Building NAFTA Super-Highways that effectively erase the U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada is a concern, especially if the NAFTA Super-Highways contribute to accomplishing in a de facto manner the integration of the United States into a North American Union, thereby threatening the currently established sovereignty of the United States," Corsi wrote June 30, 2006.
"The CFR plan clearly calls for the establishment of a 'permanent tribunal for North American dispute resolution' as part of the new regional North American Union (NAU) governmental structure that is proposed to go into place in 2010," Corsi wrote June 19, 2006. This tribunal would "trump" the U.S. Supreme Court.
Biometric Border Pass
"Instead of stopping North Americans on the borders, we ought to provide them with a secure, biometric Border Pass that would ease transit across the border like an E-Z pass permits our cars to speed through toll booths," Robert A. Pastor told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, June 9, 2005.
North American Emergency Management
North American Emergency Management (NAEM) is one of the priority initiatives set forth in the March 31, 2006, White House news release and the fact sheet posted on the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America website.
The function of NAEM would be similar to that of FEMA's operations during Hurricane Katrina. In his September 20, 2005, article "Glimpse Into The Future Of Global Collectivism - FEMA: Katrina," Chris Gupta wrote:
- "The primary job of the military, FEMA, and Homeland Security is not to protect the American people in times of emergency but to protect the government in times of emergency and keep it functioning. Their primary assignment is, not to rescue people, but to control them. Their directive is to relocate families and businesses, confiscate property, commandeer goods, direct labor and services, and establish martial law. The reason FEMA and Homeland security failed to carry out an effective rescue operation [for Hurricane Katrina] is that this was not their primary mission, and the reason they blocked others from doing so is that any operations not controlled by the central authority are contrary to their directives. Their objective was to bring the entire area under the control of the federal government - and this they succeeded in doing very well. They did not fail in New Orleans. They were a huge success. Once this simple fact is understood, everything that happened in the wake of Katrina becomes understandable and logical.
- "If there are new terrorist attacks against the United States or Great Britain (or any other country), what we witnessed in New Orleans may have been a glimpse into the future of global collectivism."
U.S. Legislation & Executive Orders
- Executive Order: "Commission for Environmental Cooperation, Commission for Labor Cooperation, Border Environment Cooperation Commission, and North American Development Bank," White House, March 16, 1994. Signed by President Bill Clinton
- Aviation and Transportation Safety Act of 2001 (S.1447) became Public Law 107-71 on November 19, 2001.
- Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 (H.R.3525): "To enhance the border security of the United States, and for other purposes," introduced December 19, 2001, in the U.S. House of Representatives by Representative F. James Sensenbrenner Jr. (R-WI) and became Public Law No: 107-173, April 18, 2002.
- North American Cooperative Security Act (S. 853) introduced April 20, 2005, (109th Congress) in the U.S. Senate by Senator Richard Lugar (R-Indiana): "A bill to direct the Secretary of State to establish a program to bolster the mutual security and safety of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and for other purposes." The bill was read twice and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.
- North American Cooperative Security Act (H.R. 2672) introduced May 26, 2005, (109th Congress) in the U.S. House of Representatives by Representative Katherine Harris (R-Florida): "To direct the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security to establish a program to enhance the mutual security and safety of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and for other purposes." The bill was referred to the House Subcommittee on Intelligence, Information Sharing, and Terrorism Risk Assessment on June 6, 2005.
- Executive Order: "Protecting the Property Rights of the American People," White House, June 23, 2006. Signed by President George W. Bush
- S. 3633 Protection against United Nations Taxation Act of 2006 introduced July 11, 2006, (109th Congress) in the U.S. Senate by Senator James Inhofe, et al. The legislation would "require the withholding of United States contributions to the United Nations until the President certifies that the United Nations is not engaged in global taxation schemes." The bill was read twice and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.
- "Joint Statement by President George Bush and President Vicente Fox Towards a Partnership for Prosperity. The Guanajuato Proposal," Office of the White House Press Secretary, February 16, 2001.
- Joint Communique: "U.S.-Mexico Migration Talks And Plan of Action for Cooperation on Border Safety," Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C., June 22, 2001.
- Fact Sheet: "Partnership for Prosperity," Office of the White House Press Secretary, September 6, 2001.
- "Action Plan for Creating a Secure and Smart Border. U.S. and Canada. An Efficient, Secure and Smart Border," Office of Homeland Security, December 12, 2001.
- "Specifics of Secure and Smart Border Action Plan," Office of Homeland Security, January 7, 2002. See U.S.-Canada Smart Borders Accord.
- "Securing America's Borders Fact Sheet: Border Security," Office of the White House Press Secretary, January 25, 2002.
- George W. Bush, "President Promotes Secure and Open Borders in El Paso," Remarks in El Paso, Texas, March 21, 2002.
- Fact Sheet: "Smart Border: 22 Point Agreement—U.S. - Mexico Border Partnership Action Plan," Office of the White House Press Secretary, March 21, 2002.
- Fact Sheet: "Specific Measures that Comprise Joint Action Plan with Mexico," Office of the White House Press Secretary, March 21, 2002.
- George W. Bush and Vincente Foxe, "The Monterrey Commitments," Joint Statement, Monterrey, Mexico, March 22, 2002.
- "Partnership for Prosperity." Report to President Vicente Fox and President George W. Bush, Monterrey, Mexico, March 22, 2002.
- Fact Sheet: "U.S.-Mexico Partnership for Prosperity," Office of the White House Press Secretary, March 22, 2002.
- "Domenici Introduces Major Infrastructure, Security Bill to To Improve U.S. Southwest & Northern Ports of Entry. Security & Trade Needs Demand New Attention at Border Crossings," Office of Senator Pete V. Domenici, March 5, 2003.
- Press Release: "U.S.-Mexico Border Partnership Joint Statement on Progress Achieved," U.S. Department of Homeland Security, April 23, 2003.
- "The United States and the Summit of the Americas," U.S. Department of State, April 28, 2003.
- "Partnership for Prosperity Report to President George W. Bush and President Vicente Fox." Released by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, Washington, D.C., November 12, 2003.
- "The Bush Administration's Western Hemisphere Policy." Ambassador Roger F. Noriega, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, Remarks to the Council of the Americas, New York, New York, January 6, 2004.
- Fact Sheet: "The U.S. and the Summit of the Americas: An Update on U.S. Actions to Implement the Hemisphere's Agenda." Released by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, Washington, D.C., January 6, 2004.
- Fact Sheet: "Special Summit of the Americas: Declaration of Nuevo Leon," Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, Washington, D.C., January 14, 2004.
- "Ambassador's Speech: 'North American Integration: Migration, Trade and Security.' Is there a need for new institutions in North America?" Embassy of Mexico in Canada, April 2, 2004.
- "U.S.-Mexico Partnership for Prosperity Launches New Initiatives," U.S. Embassy in Mexico City, June 28, 2004.
- "Remarks by Ambassador Garza at the Seminar 'Reflecting on North American Integration: NAFTA, FTAA, and the Doha Round'," Embassy of the United States, Mexico, September 27, 2004.
- News Release: "Common Security, Common Prosperity a New Partnership in North America," White House, November 30, 2004. re U.S.-Canada Smart Borders Accord
- News Release: "Joint U.S.-Canada Agreement for Land Pre-Clearance Pilots," Office of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Press Secretary, December 17, 2004.
- Eric Green, News Release: "Bush Hosting March 23 Talks with Leaders of Mexico, Canada. Trilateral meeting to promote security, prosperity in region," U.S. Department of State, March 7, 2005.
- Press Release: "Trinational Call for a North American Economic and Security Community by 2010," Council on Foreign Relations, March 14, 2005.
- Rep. Henry J. Hyde, "The Emergence of the North American Community," House Committee on International Relations, March 18, 2005.
- News Release: "U.S. Officials Review Agenda for North American Trilateral Meeting. Bush, Martin, Fox will explore ways to enhance security, prosperity," U.S. Department of State, March 22, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Leaders Discuss Regional Partnership. Bush, Fox and Martin cite cooperation on security, prosperity," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Prosperity Depends on Security. United States, Canada, Mexico outline new security/prosperity pact," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Partnership Offers Agenda for Security. U.S., Mexico, Canada seek enhanced trade while fighting terrorism," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Partnership Offers Agenda for Prosperity. U.S., Mexico, Canada focus on trade, education, health, environment," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Leaders Unveil Security and Prosperity Partnership. Bush, Fox, Martin outline trilateral efforts during March 23 meeting," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America Prosperity Agenda," White House, March 23, 2005.
- News Release: "Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America Security Agenda," White House, March 23, 2005.
- Fact Sheet: "Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America," White House, March 23, 2005.
- "Notes for an address by His Excellency Gaëtan Lavertu, Canadian Ambassador to Mexico at El Colegio de México. Integration in North America: Dialogue, Political Cooperation and Institutions," Mexico City, April 11, 2005. Posted by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada; updated May 12, 2005.
- "Task Force Urges Measures to Strengthen North American Competitiveness, Expand Trade, Ensure Border Security," Council on Foreign Relations, May 17, 2005.
- News Release: "North American Leaders Unveil Security and Prosperity Partnership. Bush, Fox, Martin outline trilateral efforts during March 23 meeting," U.S. Department of State, March 23, 2006.
- Press Release: "Mexico-United States Prosperity Partnership Update," Presidencia de la Republica, Mexico City (Mexidata.info), March 25, 2006.
- News Release: "The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: Progress," White House, March 31, 2006.
- News Release: "Leaders Note Progress on the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America," Canada's New Government, Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Cancun, Mexico, March 31, 2006.
- Robert A. Pastor, "Toward a North American Community: Lessons from the Old World for the New," Institute for International Economics, August 2001 (Paperback), ISBN 0881323284.
- "A Regional Development Policy for North America: Lessons from the Old World for the New." "Draft Paper to be presented to a Conference on 'NAFTA in the new Millennium', co-sponsored by the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, and the University of California, San Diego, May 25-25, 2001.
- "Beyond Free Trade in North America: Narrowing the Development Gap." Paper adapted from the book and presented at a Conference at the Center for Mexican Studies, St. Antony's College, Oxford University, February 2003.
- "Redesigning NAFTA for the 21st Century" (Chapter 1).
- Peter Hakim and Robert E. Litan, eds, "The Future of North American Integration. Beyond NAFTA," Brookings Institution Press, 2002, Cloth Text ISBN 0815733984; Paper Text ISBN 0815733992.
- Peter Andreas and Thomas J. Biersteker, eds., "The Rebordering of North America: Integration and Exclusion in a New Security Context," Routledge Press, 2003, ISBN 0415944678. Review.
- Tom Tancredo, "In Mortal Danger: The Battle for America's Border and Security ," WND Press, 2006.
- North American Union in the Wikipedia.
- "Canada-U.S. Integration: A Chronology. A Citizen’s Guide to Fighting Deep Integration," The Council of Canadians.
- North American Union Fact Sheet, The American Policy Center.
- "Documents reveal 'shadow government'. Freedom of Information request puts 1,000 new pages online," WorldNetDaily, October 24, 2006. View documents here.
- Integrate This! is about challenging the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP), an executive-level pact between the governments and corporate sectors of Canada, the United States and Mexico, which has never been debated publicly or voted on in any of the three countries. There are over 300 initiatives in the SPP aimed at harmonizing North American policies on:
- But media reports often fail to link regulatory changes designed to move the SPP forward back to the broader goal of continental economic and security integration. The goal of the Integrate This! website is to make those links. As well as regular SPP updates, the site is full of reports, interviews and multimedia presentations critical of what's often called the "deep integration" of North America. News updates will be posted here regularly and archived ... The site is updated regularly so visit often, or sign up for regular updates above
Articles & Commentary
Series of Articles
- Steven Yates, "Taking the Red Pill. The Real Matrix", NewsWithViews, December 7, 2004: Part 1; Part 2; Part 3; Part 4; Part 5; Part 6; Part 7; "The North American Union 'Matrix'," NewsWithViews, June 5, 2006: Part 8 and Part 9.
- Letter to the Editor: "North American Union," New York Times, March 30, 1990.
- "North American Community Won't Replace National Identities," Stanford University News Service, April 1, 1993.
- Jeffrey Tucker, "From Nafta to 'Superstate'," The Free Market / Ludwig von Mises Institute, October 1996.
- The Conservative Roundtable, “The Dangers of the North American Union,” interview with Jerome Corsi conducted by Howard Phillips, http://www.bunker-tv.net/index. php?option=com_seyret&Itemid= 26&task=videodirectlink&id=161
- Chip Berlet, "The North American Union: Right-wing Populist Conspiracism Rebounds," The Public Eye Magazine (Spring 2008), http://www.publiceye.org/magazine/v23n1/NA_Union.html