William P. Orzechowski
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Dr. William Orzechowski was Chief Economist for the Tobacco Institute and worked in conjunction with the Institute's Public Affairs, State Activities and Federal Relations Divisions. His title changed over the years but he is generally listed as Director of Economic Issues.
Documents & Timeline
1943 Nov 3 Born
1970-71 Economist, Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC.
1973-75 Assistant Professor of Economics, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, Alabama.
1975-80 Assistant Professor of Economics, Oglethorpe University, Atlanta, Georgia.
1980-83 Assistant Professor of Economics, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia.
1984-88 He was the Director of Federal Budget Policy, US Chamber of Commerce, Washington, DC. His primary responsibility was to maintain the Chamber's leadership role on federal budget issues for the business community. His CV says:
- Performed and managed economic research on federal budget issues.
- Prepared and presented testimony on such issues before congressional committees.
- Served as an expert on federal budget issues on the Chamber's television network Biz-Net (affiliated with ESPN).
- Helped raise funds and manage research contracts for the National Chamber Foundation (a Chamber subsidiary that supports academic and educational programs on economic issues). 
- Orzechowski, W and Conda. C. (1985). How to break a budget resolution. Wall Street Journal (7 Aug.)
- Orzechowski, W., and Utt, R.D. (1985). International perspectives on economic growth. Policy Report. Cato Institute (Summer).
1987 Executive Member, National Association of Business Economists, National Capitol Chapter, Washington DC.
1988 President, National Association of Business Economists, National Capitol Chapter, Washington DC.
1988 Candidate's Issue Handbook of the National Republican Senatorial Committee -- Economics Task Force Advisor and Contributor.
The views expressed are those of the authors alone and may not represent those of the U.S. Department of Treasury or the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the May 1987 meeting of the Henry Simons Society in Washington, D.C. The comments of the participants of the Henry Simons Society meeting and an anonymous referee are gratefully acknowledged. 
1988 Feb The Tobacco Institute's new economic executive comes from US Chamber of Commerce, where he served as Director of Federal Budget Policy (Note Tom Donohue was also from National Chamber Foundation) 
1988 Aug A bibliography of Orzechowski sent to the Tobacco Institute. His main co-writers were:
- Michael Marlow
- Cesar Conda
- Ronald Utt
- James Bennett
- Robert Keleher
- William Cox
- Thomas Borcherding
- Winston C Bush
1985 Sep Atlantic Economic Journal "Taxes and Incentives: Horatio Alger vs. The Tax Man" by Philip RP Coelho and William P Orzechowski. He is credited in this study as being from Ball State University and the US Tobacco Institute. Coelho appears not to be credited.
Another article in the same journal is "Inferring Collusion from Pricing Behavior: The American Tobacco Case Reexamined"
1988 Oct 25-27 Economic Experts Witness Team Orientation and Media Training Program.
Purpose: To develop and train a corps of economists for testifying at federal and state hearings, and for meetings with legislators.
Participants: We expect approximately 25 individuals in the program (list attached)
- Introduction: Bill Orzechowski (staff economist)
- Tobacco industry's issues and requirements: Bill Cannell (State Activities) and Dick White (Federal Relations)
- Utilization of Economic Witness Team: Jim Savarese and Bob Tollison
- Research Programs: Bob Tollison and Debbie Schoonmaker (includes grants, media tours)
- Legal Briefing: Stan Masters (Shook Hardy & Bacon), David Remes (Covington & Burling), Bernie O'Neill (Shook Hardy & Bacon)
- Media Training Sessions: run by Ogilvy and Mather
Bill Orzechowski is included in the list of participants. 
1994 Oct 14: David Theroux at the Independent Institute sends a copy of their proposal for a book to be called "Sin Taxes" to William Orzechowski at the Tobacco Institute. It implies that excise taxes are imposed on cigarettes simply because the tobacco industry is unpopular and an easy target.
It doesn't single out cigarettes (that would be too obvious) but raises the threat of Alcohol, Prohibition: The Ultimate "Sin", Gun Control, the War on Drugs, and the evils of 'Earmarking' such excises to prop up the health care system. Constitutional Liberties are also dealt up in the penultimate chapters.
The Institute is prepared to print and promote 810,000 books (cheap enough to be used as text-books) and there will be other benefits, such as "reprints in journals and magazines, syndication of Op-Eds and wire stories to major newspapers, media intereviews and government testimony by authors. Also lecture tours, etc. etc.
- William F Shughart, Uni of Mississippi
- Adam C Gifford Jr, California State Uni, Northridge
- Randall G Holcombe, Florida State Uni
- Dwight R Lee, University of Georgia
- Thomas J DiLorenzo, Loyola College in Maryland
- Richard K Vedder, Ohio University
- Mark Thornton, Auburn University
- Bruce L Benson and David W Rasmussen, Florida State Uni
- Richard E Wagner, George Mason University
- Robert B Ekelund Jr and Paula A Gant, Auburn University
- Bruce Kobayashi, George Mason University
- Jonathan Macey, (Law) Cornell University
- Gary M Anderson, Cailfornia State Uni, Northbridge
- Donald J Boudreaux and Adam C Pritchard (Law) Clemson Uni
- Gordon Tullock, Arizona State University. 
- The book reached the drafting stages, and William Shughart sent his detailed Introduction along to the Tobacco Institute for their approval. 
1995 July: The remnants of the Cash-for-Comments Network has now transferred over to work through the Independent Institute. William F Shughart II (U of Mississippi is editing "Taxing Liberty and Other "Sins": Predatory Politics and Taxation" for the Tobacco Institute. It has chapters by:
- Brenda Yelvington (Professor of Economics, Clemson University) (Not on old list)
- Adam C Gifford (Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge) (Not on old list)
- Randall G Holcombe (Professor of Economics, Florida State University)
- Dwight R Lee (Professor of Economics, University of Georgia)
- Thomas J. DiLorenzo (Professor of Economics, Loyola College in Maryland)
- Gary M. Anderson (Professor of Economics, California State University, Northridge)
- Mark Thornton (Professor of Economics, Auburn University)
- Bruce L Benson and David W Rasmussen (Professors of Economics, Florida State U.)
- Richard E Wagner (Professor of Economics. George Mason University)
- Robert B. Ekelund, Jr and Paula A Gant (Professors of Economics, Auburn University)
- Richard K. Vedder (Professor of Economics, Ohio University)
- Jonathan R Macey (Professor of Law, Cornell University)
- Bruce Kobayashi (Professor of Law, George Mason University) (Not on old list)
- Donald J. Boudreaux and Adam C Pritchard (Professors of Law, Clemson University)
- Gordon Tullock (Professor of Economics and Political Science, Arizona State University)
(With the exception of a few new names this is the remnants of the old Cash for Comments Economists Network)
Hence, when David Theroux of the Independent Institute contacted me to ask whether I might be interested in putting together a volume that would explore the purposes and effects of tax policy in regulating consumption choices, I eagerly accepted . Let me here acknowledge the Independent Institute's financial sponsorship and David Theroux's encouragement along the way.
This draft was in Philip Morris files, and it has additions and corrections in handwritten form. For instance "politically incorrect" has been inserted before"products" and "excise" inserted before taxes. "Sin" taxes have been quoted. New chapter titles have been added.