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Sam Gardiner

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This article is part of the Center for Media & Democracy's focus on the fallout of nuclear "spin."

Sam Gardiner is a retired Air Force Colonel and described as "an expert in military strategy and an expert on strategic games." [1] At one time Gardiner taught at the National War College. [2]

Gardiner estimated that that some 50 media stories backing the push for war in Iraq media orignated from what was to be called the Office of Strategic Influence. FAIR noted that Rumsfeld stated that while the Office of Strategic Influence was killed in name, it's activities were going to be carried out. [3]

Some of the stories he identified included that of the 'rescue' of Private Jessica Lynch and one in which defense officials claimed that the "first Iraqi unit marines encountered, the 51st Mechanized Infantry Division, had surrendered four days before it actually did." Gardiner said that Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Richard Myers gave bad or deliberately incomplete info on several topics. "Never before have so many stories been created to sell a war. And they probably didn't need it," he told US News. [4]

Publications by Gardiner

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