William P. Orzechowski

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This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation.

Dr. William Orzechowski was Chief Economist for the Tobacco Institute and worked in conjunction with the Institute's Public Affairs, State Activities and Federal Relations Divisions. His title changed over the years but he is generally listed as Director of Economic Issues.

Orzechowski previously served as Director of Federal Budget Policy for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. [2].

He was still serving as a consultant to Philip Morris Management Corporation in 2000. [3]

Documents & Timeline

1943 Nov 3 Born

1970-71 Economist, Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC.

1973-75 Assistant Professor of Economics, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, Alabama.

1975-80 Assistant Professor of Economics, Oglethorpe University, Atlanta, Georgia.

1980-83 Assistant Professor of Economics, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia.

1984 March The Cash for Comments Economists Network was being created by James Savarese in 1984 well before Orzechowski joined the Tobacco Institute.

1984-88 He was the Director of Federal Budget Policy, US Chamber of Commerce, Washington, DC. His primary responsibility was to maintain the Chamber's leadership role on federal budget issues for the business community. His CV says:

  • Performed and managed economic research on federal budget issues.
  • Prepared and presented testimony on such issues before congressional committees.
  • Served as an expert on federal budget issues on the Chamber's television network Biz-Net (affiliated with ESPN).
  • Helped raise funds and manage research contracts for the National Chamber Foundation (a Chamber subsidiary that supports academic and educational programs on economic issues). [4]

1985 Bill Orzechowski's associations with Cesar Coda of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institute (AdTI) and Ronald Utt. (Reagan Administration OMB and National Chamber Foundation)

  • Orzechowski, W and Conda. C. (1985). How to break a budget resolution. Wall Street Journal (7 Aug.)
  • Orzechowski, W., and Utt, R.D. (1985). International perspectives on economic growth. Policy Report. Cato Institute (Summer).


1987 Executive Member, National Association of Business Economists, National Capitol Chapter, Washington DC.

1988 President, National Association of Business Economists, National Capitol Chapter, Washington DC.

1988 Candidate's Issue Handbook of the National Republican Senatorial Committee -- Economics Task Force Advisor and Contributor.

1988 A Study "Controlling Leviathan through tax reduction", by Michael L Marlow (US Treasury) and William Orzechowski (US Chamber of Commerce) carries the acknowledgements

The views expressed are those of the authors alone and may not represent those of the U.S. Department of Treasury or the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the May 1987 meeting of the Henry Simons Society in Washington, D.C. The comments of the participants of the Henry Simons Society meeting and an anonymous referee are gratefully acknowledged. [6]

1988 Feb The Tobacco Institute's new economic executive comes from US Chamber of Commerce, where he served as Director of Federal Budget Policy (Note Tom Donohue was also from National Chamber Foundation) [7]

1988 Aug A bibliography of Orzechowski sent to the Tobacco Institute. His main co-writers were:

He published through Cato Institute, the Public Choice Society, IRET, US Chamber of Commerce. [8]

1985 Sep Atlantic Economic Journal "Taxes and Incentives: Horatio Alger vs. The Tax Man" by Philip RP Coelho and William P Orzechowski. He is credited in this study as being from Ball State University and the US Tobacco Institute. Coelho appears not to be credited.

Another article in the same journal is "Inferring Collusion from Pricing Behavior: The American Tobacco Case Reexamined"[9]

1988 Oct 25-27 Economic Experts Witness Team Orientation and Media Training Program.

Purpose: To develop and train a corps of economists for testifying at federal and state hearings, and for meetings with legislators.
Participants: We expect approximately 25 individuals in the program (list attached)

Bill Orzechowski is included in the list of participants. [10]

1994 Oct 14: David Theroux at the Independent Institute sends a copy of their proposal for a book to be called "Sin Taxes" to William Orzechowski at the Tobacco Institute. It implies that excise taxes are imposed on cigarettes simply because the tobacco industry is unpopular and an easy target.

It doesn't single out cigarettes (that would be too obvious) but raises the threat of Alcohol, Prohibition: The Ultimate "Sin", Gun Control, the War on Drugs, and the evils of 'Earmarking' such excises to prop up the health care system. Constitutional Liberties are also dealt up in the penultimate chapters.

The Institute is prepared to print and promote 810,000 books (cheap enough to be used as text-books) and there will be other benefits, such as "reprints in journals and magazines, syndication of Op-Eds and wire stories to major newspapers, media intereviews and government testimony by authors. Also lecture tours, etc. etc.

It will be edited by William Shughart under the direction of the Independent Institute's Research Director, Dr Robert Higgs, and have chapters written by the old Cash for Comment crowd.

William F Shughart, Uni of Mississippi
Adam C Gifford Jr, California State Uni, Northridge
Randall G Holcombe, Florida State Uni
Dwight R Lee, University of Georgia
Thomas J DiLorenzo, Loyola College in Maryland
Richard K Vedder, Ohio University
Mark Thornton, Auburn University
Bruce L Benson and David W Rasmussen, Florida State Uni
Richard E Wagner, George Mason University
Robert B Ekelund Jr and Paula A Gant, Auburn University
Bruce Kobayashi, George Mason University
Jonathan Macey, (Law) Cornell University
Gary M Anderson, Cailfornia State Uni, Northbridge
Donald J Boudreaux and Adam C Pritchard (Law) Clemson Uni
Gordon Tullock, Arizona State University. [11]
The book reached the drafting stages, and William Shughart sent his detailed Introduction along to the Tobacco Institute for their approval. [12]

1995 July: The remnants of the Cash-for-Comments Network has now transferred over to work through the Independent Institute. William F Shughart II (U of Mississippi is editing "Taxing Liberty and Other "Sins": Predatory Politics and Taxation" for the Tobacco Institute. It has chapters by:

(With the exception of a few new names this is the remnants of the old Cash for Comments Economists Network)

Hence, when David Theroux of the Independent Institute contacted me to ask whether I might be interested in putting together a volume that would explore the purposes and effects of tax policy in regulating consumption choices, I eagerly accepted . Let me here acknowledge the Independent Institute's financial sponsorship and David Theroux's encouragement along the way.

This draft was in Philip Morris files, and it has additions and corrections in handwritten form. For instance "politically incorrect" has been inserted before"products" and "excise" inserted before taxes. "Sin" taxes have been quoted. New chapter titles have been added. [13] [14]