Carolyn Merchant

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Biographical Information

"As Professor of Environmental History, Philosophy, and Ethics, I conduct research on these three topics and their interrelationships. I focus on American environmental and cultural history in the overall context of Western history, philosophy, and the history of science...

"Merchant is the author of The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution (1980); Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and Science in New England (1989; 2nd ed., 2010); Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (1992; 2nd ed., 2005); Earthcare: Women and the Environment (1996); The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History (2002; 2nd ed. 2007); and Reinventing Eden: The Fate of Nature in Western Culture (2003), as well as numerous articles on the history of science, environmental history, and women and the environment. She is the editor of Major Problems in American Environmental History (1993; 2nd ed., 2005; 3rd ed., 2011); Key Concepts in Critical Theory: Ecology (1994; 2nd ed. 2008); Green Versus Gold: Sources in California's Environmental History (1998); and co-editor, with Shepard Krech III and John McNeill, of The Encyclopedia of World Environmental History, 3 vols. (2004).

"She is a past-president of the American Society for Environmental History and has served on the executive and advisory boards of the History of Science Society, Environmental History, Environmental Ethics, Ethics and the Environment, the International Journal of Ecoforestry, Organization and Environment, and the Association for the Study of Literature and the Environment..

"Merchant has been a Guggenheim fellow; a fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies; a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford; the John D. And Catherine T. MacArthur Fellow in the Ecological Humanities at the National Humanities Center; a Fulbright senior scholar in Sweden; and the 1991 ecofeminist scholar at Murdoch University in Western Australia."[1]

Public Service [1]

  • Mayor's Community Energy Commission, 1981-3; Steering Committee, 1981-3.
  • Berkeley Bayfront Conservancy Fund, Board of Directors, 1985-6.
  • Westinghouse Science Talent Search Advisor, 1984-present.
  • Golden Gate Biosphere Reserve Science Council, 1997-present.
  • Rachel's Network, Advisory Board, 2002-present.
  • Sierra Nevada Deep Ecology Institute, Advisory Board, 2002-present.
  • International editorial board, Cosmos and History [2]

Resources and articles

Related Sourcewatch


  1. Carolyn Merchant,, accessed December 12, 2011.
  2. Cosmos and History Editorial team, organizational web page, accessed August 24, 2017.