Earle C. Clements

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This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation.

Earle Clements (aka Earle Chester Clements) was a lawyer and former Senator from Kentucky who became the Executive Director and President of the Tobacco Institute from 1967 to 1970). He then became a retained 'consultant' to the TI until 1985.

Clements was replaced as President by Horace Kornegay who was president from 1970 to 1980 when he was replaced by Samuel D Chilcote in 1981.

Note also that there is a JE Clements of Porter & Clements, who were Counsel for Philip Morris and also a Mark P Clements, at Shook Hardy and Bacon [1]


  • 1966 He was working as a lobbyist for the Tobacco Institute
  • 1967-70 Executive Director and President of the TI. He was replaced by Horace Kornegay
  • 1970-85Consultant and political lobbyist for the TI

Documents & Timeline

1968 June 27 William Kloepfer of the Tobacco Institute has written to Rosser Reeves at the strategy company Tiderock Corp. This was about the collaboration between the tobacco industry and the AMA (known as AMA Education & Research Foundation or AMA-ERF). Tiderock appears to have been the one who proposed the idea of funding an AMA research program back in June, at a joint tobacco company meeting.

  • Kloepfer and Reeves had met earlier this month to discuss the AMA-ERF and Tiderock had been commissioned for two activities.

1. The TI has decided that both a position paper and the advertising project are still needed. "However events in San Francisco last week have reduced the urgency of publication." This was concerning a release by the AMA-ERF of a report on joint research due on June 19.

  • Daniel Horn of the American Cancer Society has been urging the AMA to withdraw the report.
  • Leonard Schuman and Stanhope Baynes-Jones (both ex-Sur-Gen Advisory Committee members) agreed with Horn and were to take their objections to the trustees of the AMA.
  • Kenneth Endicott (Director of the NCI) and Senator Clements (President of the TI) were proponents of the joint research idea. The Tobacco Institute saw the collaboration as defusing attacks on tobacco from HEW ... "It's a new ball game."

2. The Tobacco Institute wanted to have the ads and position paper cleared by their lawyers Shook Hardy & Bacon and ready for release.

Participants in the San Francisco meeting were:

AMA-ERF Committee as of June 1968 [2]
Tobacco Industry representatives -- Committee of Counsel
Earle C Clements Tobacco Institute President Executive-Director/lobbyist
Philip Grant Lorillard CorpInhouse legal counsel
Frederick P HaasLiggett & Myers General counsel
Cyril Hetsko American TobaccoInhouse legal counsel
H Henry Ramm RJ ReynoldsVP and General Counsel
Paul D Smith Philip MorrisGeneral Counsel
Addison YeamansBrown & Wlliamson General Counsel
Tobacco Research Council/ CTR
Richard J Bing MDWayne State Uni CTR & AMA/ERF (cardiologist)
McKeen Cattell MDCornell University CTR (pharmacologist)
Leon O Jacobson MDUniversity of Chicago Chrm CTR SAB physician
Clarence C Little ScD TIRC and CTRScientific Director
Sheldon Sommers MD Columbia UniversityCTR (next Scientific Dir.) pathologist
National Institute of Health
Francis R Abinant National Inst of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
Carl G Baker MD National Cancer InstituteDir. of Etiology
Kenneth Endicott MD National Cancer Institute Director NCI
Lung Cancer Task Force
Paul Kotin MD Nat. Environmental Health Science Center of HEW (ex-TIRC SAB)
Lung Cancer Task Force
Gardiner McMillan MD National Heart Institituteex-Tobacco Working Group of NCI
Ian A Mitchell MD National Cancer Institute
The AMA's Education Research Foundation (ERF) Committee
Robert J Hasterlik MD Uni of Chicago Prof. Medicine
John B Hickam MD Indiana Uni Prof. Medicine. Member SGAC
Paul S Larson PhD Med. College of VirginiaChairman AMA-ERF
Maurice H Seevers MD Uni of MichiganProf Pharmacology.Member SGAC
Ira Singer PhD Am. Medical Assn Sec of AMA committee.


1969 June 4 The Minutes of the Committee of Counsel (Lawyers servicing the tobacco companies + top legal executives). This regular meeting is to allow the companies to share knowledge, coordinate activites and joinly run programs (CTR, etc) without being charged with conspiracy. The lawyers in attendance are

Arnold & Porter -- Abe Krash, Jerome I Chapman, ? Schneiderman
Covington & Burling -- Tommie Austern, T Oghol
Phillip Morris -- Shepard P Pollack, Paul D Smith
American Tobacco Co - Cyril F Hetsko
RJ Reynolds -- Henry Ramm
B&W/BAT -- H DeBaun Bryant, Addison Yeaman,
Shook Hardy & Bacon -- Bill Shinn
Tobacco Institute -- William Kloepfer, ex-Senator Earle Clements
Liggett & Myers -- Frederick P Haas
Lorrilard -- Arthur J Stevens

1. First item discussed by Abe Krash is the FCC's rule-making plans to kick cigarette advertising off the TV.

  • RJ Reynolds has been served with 3 subpoenas (re:) the development of advertising themes.
  • Clements says he understands that Harley O Staggers (D-WV) has written a letter to both the FTC and FCC to hold up action until the Congressional proceedings are completed.

2. Kurt Enslein has a proposed a project to analyse the Doll data. Henry Ramm handed out a memo entitled "Proposal for Analysis of Doll Data"

Richard S Doll was the famed British scientist who identified the link between smoking and ill-health with satistician Austin Bradford Hill. They were planning to get access to his original data and have computer scientist Enslein 'mine' it for defects (real, or imagined).

3. Tommie Austern [C&B] reported on:

  • Chemsol development (A tobacco modification claimed to reduce the carcinogenicity of smoke.)
  • FTC trade regulation and rules
  • 3i information retrieval.

4. Bill Shinn [SH&B] reported on Theodor D Sterling's air pollution project. They had previously assumed the cost would be $3,000, whereas it will now be about $10,000. Approved. (It may have a bearing on the Hammond data).

5. Paul Smith (PM) reported that:

"Rune Cederlof who testified at the Commerce Committee hearings here also testified in Canada where he did an excellent job. He will read a paper in Rome in September on his twin studies that indicates that mortality of smoking and non-smoking identical twins does not show any correlation related to smoking.
The Karolinska Institute of Stockolm Sweden with which he is affiliated intends to have a symposium in Virgin Islands (Henry] Ramm says that the CTR turned down a request on this."

[The SAB had rejected Lars Friberg's $20,000 proposal (temporarily) -- Friberg and Cederlof worked together and Cederlof would give airing to their views there. Carl Seltzer (of Harvard) also favoured this project and Shinn recommended it.

Addison Yeamans and Bill Kloepfer point out that the Karolinska Institute is a highly prestige organisation that also has financial support from Swedish government. So they approved funding of $20,000. [They turned this into a Special Project #4 grant]

6. Leonard Zahn (science/media lobbyist) has made a request ...

... in connection with possible employment or retainer of him by CTR. Zahn says he thinks it would be prefereable for him to be 'retained' rather than 'employed' by CTR (He could get other clients). He says he has excellent relations with the science writers and has good contacts inside and outside of government. [He received a two-year contract at $4,000 a month + travel, entertainment.]


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