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Ethiopia is a landlocked country in northeast Africa (Horn of Africa) with a population of 77.4 million and capital city of Addis Ababa. The country is plagued by war and hunger. There was a 30 year civil between 1961 and 1991 and a border war with Eritrea to the north 1998-2000. It avoided colonization from Europe over the centuries except for a brief period 1936 to 1941 when Italy was there. [1]


The BBC says of the country's media:

Radio is the medium of choice, reaching the rural areas where most Ethiopians live. Although the state controls most of Ethiopia's radio stations and the sole national TV network, the print and broadcast media have seen dramatic changes since the fall of Mengistu in the early 1990s. Deregulation has been on the cards for some years and in 2006 licences were awarded to two private FM stations in the capital. Some opposition groups beam radio broadcasts to Ethiopia using hired shortwave transmitters overseas.
The private press offers quite different reporting to the state-owned newspapers and is often critical of the government. The International Press Institute (IPI) reported in its 2006 World Press Freedom Review that the prosecution of journalists had "almost silenced independent journalism".[2]



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  1. Ethiopia, National Geographic, accessed March 2008.
  2. Country profile: Ethiopia, BBC, accessed March 2008.

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