Gold & Liebengood

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Gold and Liebengood]] was a Washington DC lobbyfirm founded by two Senate aides, Howard S Liebengood and Martin B Gold. It was later purchased by Burson Marsteller and at a still later date it was a merged into Paul Manafort's Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly to form BKSH & Associates

Howard Liebengood had been head of Government lobbying for the Tobacco Institute, and they maintained the account when the company was established. They also worked for Philip Morris - both before the acquisition by Burson Marsteller, and after.

A 1993 internal budget review document for the Philip Morris group of companies had Gold & Liebengold with a preliminary budget allocation of $406,000.

Describing the project, the document states, "Howard Liebengold is one of the best Republican lobbyists in town. His partner, Marty Gold, is an expert parliamentarian. He is subcontracting and "FOB", Paul Berry, at our request. The firm has good depth in the health care area."

Documents & Timeline

1984 Aug: Howard S Liebengood, joined with Martin B Gold to create the Washington lobby firm of Gold & Liebengood, which is later described as the "Best Republican lobbyshop in Washington DC." (Another proposed partner Thompson appears to have dropped out at the last minute)

Their main client was the Tobacco Institute (which was naturally handled by Liebengood). However they also represented The College of American Pathologists (handled by Marty Gold) and the Opthalmologists handled by John Scruggs, (the ex Assistant Secretary of the HHS)

Liebengood is also working for the tobacco industry through the Labor Management Committee run by James Savarese and/or Ogilvy & Mather PR for the TI.

1986 Apr 17: Howard Liebengood is listed by the Tobacco Institute (Washington Working Group) in the staff Federal Relations division, as Vice President of Issues Management. [2]

The Tobacco Institute Washington Working Group was convened by


1987 Feb: Liebengood was forced to resign the Tobacco Institute account in Feb 1987 over a conflict of interest between his firm's medical accounts and the tobacco industry. [4]

1988 Oct 17: Gold and Liebengood are billing the Tobacco Institute for services rendered ($20,286 -- his monthly retainer of $20k + expenses)). Howard Liebengood is charging them for

Meetings with Washington Working group, Denise Bode, John Scruggs , Martin B Gold, Charlie Mellody (Rostenkowski), Bill Hildenbrand, and Niels Holch (McConnell).


1989: Gold & Liebengood is said to have been acquired by Burson Marstellar. Howard Liebengood supposedly left to partner with the DC law firm of Powell, Golstein, Frazer and Murphy. (however see below)

1989 May 12 Memo from Kathleen Linehan at the Philip Morris Management Corp offices in Washington DC. She is sending material on the Industry Advertising Code and "Part of the Coalition's Hill Package" Freedom to Advertise Coalition to PM staffers Jim Stanton, Howard Liebengood, Carey Sherman, Rich Bliss, Bill Oldaker, and Bob Kabel (and a cc to David Greenberg). [6]

1994: Howard Liebengood is hired by Philip Morris to lobby on the Hill. [7]

1996: Gold & Liebengood (now without Liebengood) merged with Paul Manafor's lobby firm Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly to form BKSH & Associates At that time Liebengood was the Vice President of Government Affairs with Philip Morris.


In the early 1990's Burson-Marsteller and its subsidiary, Gold & Liebengood, were working for Dow in an attempt to re-habilitate silicone breast implants. [8]

Following the death of Liebengood in early 2005, the Washington Post listed the company clients as:

External links