Texas Public Policy Foundation
Learn more about how the State Policy Network aids ALEC and spins disinformation in the states.
Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.
Follow the money in the Koch wiki.
The Texas Public Policy Foundation (TPPF) is a conservative think tank founded in 1989 by James R. Leininger. It is a member of the right-wing State Policy Network (SPN) and is based in Austin, Texas. It has ties to Texas Governor and former presidential candidate Rick Perry, Ted Cruz, and many other powerful politicians.
According to the TPPF's website, its mission "is to promote and defend liberty, personal responsibility, and free enterprise in Texas and the nation by educating and affecting policymakers and the Texas public policy debate with academically sound research and outreach."
But according to critics, TPPF's research and advocacy is influenced by donations from a relatively small group of major corporations. Craig McDonald, director of Texans for Public Justice, told the Texas Observer, “Most think tanks work for their funders and TPPF’s donors are a Who’s Who of Texas polluters, giant utilities and big insurance companies. TPPF is thinking the way its donors want it to think.”
- 1 TPPF's Doug Domenech Heads up President-elect Trump's Interior Department Transition Team
- 2 TPPF Listed as Creditor in Peabody Energy Bankruptcy Filings
- 3 Lobbying
- 4 Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
- 5 Ties to the Koch Brothers
- 6 Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- 7 Funding
- 8 Core Financials
- 9 Personnel
- 10 Contact Information
- 11 Articles and Resources
- 12 External Resources
- 13 External articles
- 14 References
TPPF's Doug Domenech Heads up President-elect Trump's Interior Department Transition Team
Doug Domenech, the director of the Fueling Freedom Project at the Texas Public Policy Foundation, is leading President-elect Trump's Interior Department Transition team. As Think Progress reported, "The project’s goals include explaining “the forgotten moral case for fossil fuels” and ending the EPA’s regulation of carbon dioxide. (The EPA has the authority — and, indeed, must — regulate carbon dioxide as a pollutant. Not only is carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas that fuels climate change, it also contributes to ocean acidification. Significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions is likely the only way humanity can avoid triggering catastrophic climate disruption.)" Since the Department of Interior's mission is to protect and manage the nation's environmental and cultural resources, Trump's choice of Domenech to lead the transition team suggests that the President-elect may have a different vision for the Department of Interior.
Domenech thinks so as he wrote in Real Clear Energy, "Much has been said about what’s next for energy and climate policy under the new Trump Administration. Elections have consequences and, in this case, Americans just rejected the “keep it in the ground” extremism espoused by those whose only operating focus is their view that CO2 is a pollutant and climate change is real."
TPPF Listed as Creditor in Peabody Energy Bankruptcy Filings
The Center for Media and Democracy found in obtained Peabody Energy bankruptcy filings that the Texas Public Policy Foundation was a creditor to the world’s largest private-sector coal company. Although the documents filed so far do not show the scale or precise dates of funding—they only list current creditors—they demonstrate for the first time that Peabody Energy has financial ties to a very large proportion of the network of groups promoting disinformation around climate change.
Allegations of Unreported Lobbying
The Progress Texas and CMD report also notes that TPPF "claimed in 2008 that it spent nothing on lobbying," however, "it told the IRS that it spent $981,869 on lobbying between 2009 and 2010." While federal tax reports for 2012 are not yet available, "forms filed with the state of Texas indicate that between 2011 and 2013, TPPF has spent at least $100,000 on lobbying the Texas Legislature – largely on gifts, food, drinks, and transportation to Texas legislators and state offices." In 2011, TPPF's tax records also indicate the organization "paid its executive corporate-level salaries that dwarf the rates paid for most other public interest groups in Austin..." (specifically, $1.391 million of the $5.7 million budget was used to pay executive salaries).
Advocating ALEC Model Bills
According to Progress Texas and the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD), "in the 2013 legislative session, TPPF advocated for at least 28 different laws that mirrored ALEC model bills..." The following table --which compares ALEC's model legislation to the current agenda of TPPF --was taken directly from the organizational report created by Progress Texas and CMD in November 2013:
|Issues||TPPF 2013-2014 Agenda||ALEC Model Bills|
|Limiting Government Spending||TPPF recommends state and local spending increases only by the sum of population growth plus inflation, the growth in gross state product or the growth personal income, whichever is less. TPPF [also] recommends requiring a supermajority vote in the state legislature to override Texas’s constitutional limits on government spending.||ALEC’s “Tax and Expenditure Limitation Act” would amend the state constitution to set revenue and spending limits, by capping total expenditures by inflating the current year’s expenditures to account only for population growth and inflation.
ALEC’s “Super-Majority Act” would amend the state constitution to require all tax and “license fee” increases or impositions be approved by two-thirds of all member s of each house of the legislature, except when there is insufficient revenue to pay interest on the state’s debt.
|Opposing Health Care Reform||TPPF calls for allowing Texans to buy health insurance across state lines, offered by insurance companies in other states. TPPF recommends eliminating all state-level insurance mandates.||ALEC’s “Resolution Opposing Employer-Paid Health Care Mandates” opposes efforts by state legislatures to mandate that private employers purchase health insurance for workers.
ALEC’s “Freedom of Choice in Health Care Act” would prohibit the legislature from requiring individuals to purchase health insurance, even though states like Texas require drivers to purchase auto insurance under the state’s financial responsibility law.
|Attacking Environmental Protections and Pollution Regulation||TPPF dedicated an entire section in its 2013-2014 agenda demonizing the Environmental Protection Agency’s regulations, including greenhouse gas limits, coal plant regulations, and air quality monitoring.||ALEC’s “Resolution in Opposition to EPA’s Regulation of Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources” opposes a Supreme Court case allowing the EPA to regulate carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases as pollutants. The ALEC resolution uses straw man arguments and other rhetoric to dismiss climate change concerns. ALEC also published an entire pamphlet attacking environmental regulation called the EPA Train Wreck.34
ALEC’s “Intrastate Coal and Use Act” would prevent the EPA from overruling state permits for coal mining and dirty coal products if all the company’s coal operations are conducted within the borders of a single state (although air pollution crosses state lines).
ALEC’s “Resolution in Opposition of Carbon Dioxide Emission Standards” opposes environmental protections on carbon dioxide emissions.
|Denying Climate Change||TPPF questions the science of climate change, and urges federal lawmakers to implement a “rigorous” review of scientific facts dealing with climate change, along with calling for the suspension of all state programs that regulate greenhouse gases and federal mandates to reduce carbon dioxide.||ALEC’s “State Withdrawal from Regional Climate Initiatives” removes states from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative or the Western Climate Initiative, cap-and-trade programs to cut greenhouse gases and carbon-dioxide emissions. It uses language denying that climate changes exist and are manmade.|
|Attacking Renewable Energy||TPPF calls for the elimination of the Renewable Portfolio Standard.||ALEC’s “Electricity Freedom Act” repeals renewable energy mandates and constitutes an attack on states with plans requiring companies to get a certain percentage of their electricity from renewable sources.|
|Advocating for the 10th Amendment||In the section entitled “10th Amendment” in TPPF’s 2013-2014 agenda, TPPF calls interstate compacts an “effective way” to regulate areas of mutual concern of two or more states. It further states that Texas should “examine the benefits” of using constitutional amendments aimed at limiting government spending, including calling for a constitutional convention.||ALEC’s “Article V Repeal Amendment Resolution” calls for a constitutional convention in order propose an amendment permitting the repeal of any federal law by the vote of two-thirds of state legislatures.
ALEC’s “Resolution Reaffirming Tenth Amendment Rights” asserts that federal mandates violates the Tenth Amendment, but fails to acknowledge the many express powers granted to Congress, including powers over interstate commerce. ALEC’s “Resolution Calling for the Congress of the United States to Call a Constitutional Convention Pursuant to Article V of the United States” urges Congress to call a constitutional convention for the purpose of proposing a constitutional amendment that permits the repeal of any federal law or regulation by two-thirds of the state legislatures, which is dubbed the Madison Amendment (another ALEC model).
|Protecting Corporations in Asbestos Related Claims||TPPF recommends that there should be a “measureable standard” for a plaintiff in an asbestos-related case to prove negligence and that the “causation standards” for asbestos-related claims should remain at the same level as all toxic exposure claims.||ALEC has several “model” bills aimed at protecting corporations from liability for an injured American in an asbestos-related case, including the “Asbestos and Silica Claims Priorities Act,” the “Asbestos Claims Transparency Act,” and the “Successor Asbestos-Related Liability Fairness Act.”|
|Deforming Public Pensions||TPPF calls for new state workers to be moved into a risky defined-contribution pension plan.||ALEC’s “Public Employees’ Portable Retirement Option (PRO) Act” is a move towards eliminating defined benefit pension plans for public employees, which better protects retirees.|
|Pushing Parent Trigger||TPPF calls for changes to in the Texas Education Code to make it easier to force a “parent trigger” scenario.||ALEC’s “Parent Trigger Act” would allow a small group of parents to close public school for current and future students, and turn the school into a charter school or require the state to use taxpayer dollars for vouchers to subsidize private tuition.|
|Pushing for Virtual Schools||TPPF recommends expanding the funding for “virtual schools” in Texas to give “greater freedom” to private virtual education corporations.||ALEC’s “Virtual Public Schools Act” requires virtual or online education company courses to be recognized as public schools and require that such companies receive the same per pupil funding as traditional schools that provide classrooms, sports training facilities, lunch, and transportation, resulting in windfall profits for online “schools.”|
|Privatizing Public Education||TPPF calls for Texas to “increase competition in the Texas education system” by implementing education scholarships, tax credits, and expanding charter schools and vouchers.||ALEC’s “Family Education Tax Credit Program” creates a tax paying corporations and individuals that give money to be used as “scholarships” to pay tuition and fees at private schools, reducing tax revenue for public schools and other public services.
ALEC’s “Parent Choice Scholarship Program Act-Universal Eligibility” creates a voucher program to use taxpayer funds that would have been spent on public schools to subsidize private for-profit, religious, or other primary and secondary schools.
ALEC’s “Parental Choice Scholarship Accountability Act” enables taxpayer money to subsidize for-profit, religious, or other private schools.
ALEC’s “Charter Schools Act” would allow the state to grant charters to create and operate schools outside of traditional public schools, while also exempting these charter schools from state laws that apply to public schools.
ALEC’s “Resolution Supporting Private Scholarship Tax Credits” urges tax cuts for corporations and others to subsidize non-public corporate schools through funding "scholarships."
|Attacking Teachers||TPPF calls for radical attacks on teachers in Texas, including lowering the barriers for teacher certification, eliminating the minimum salary a teacher must be paid based on experience, discouraging school districts from paying teachers with a master’s degree more money, and eliminating tenure rights.||ALEC’s “Great Teachers and Leaders Act” changes seniority rules that reward education and experience of teachers and allows tenure to be revoked based on limited measures of success without regard to underlying conditions in the schools or environment.
ALEC’s “Alternative Certification Act” attempts to allow students to be taught by people who have no training in how to teach children and the different ways kids learn at various ages and based on different learning styles. This paves the way for for-profit schools to pay “teachers” less than educators who are actually trained in teaching.
ALEC’s “Career Ladder Opportunities Act” and “Teacher Quality and Recognition Demonstration Act” undermines post-secondary education and tenure rights of teachers, placing more emphasis on tests (regardless of the underlying conditions in the schools or the socio-economic environment of the school district) than other established measures.
Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
The Texas Public Policy Foundation has been very active in the American Legislative Exchange Council. TPPF was a member of the now defunct Public Safety and Elections Task Force, and has been an ardent defender of ALEC activities. In May 2012, Wendy Lee Gramm, the Foundation’s chairman of the board, and Brooke Rollins, its president and chief executive officer, published an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal, entitled “Why the Left Wants to Blacklist ALEC,” in defense of the organization.
TPPF was a "Chair" level sponsor of the ALEC Annual Conference in 2016, which equated to $50,000 in 2010.
TPPF has been a member of several other ALEC task forces. Dr. Thomas Lindsay, Director of TPPF's Center for Higher Education, was vice chairman of the Higher Education Subcommittee of ALEC's Education Task Force as of November 2013. Executive Director, Arlene Wohlgemuth, was a member of the Health and Human Services Task Force where she sponsored model legislation (the "Health Professional Modernization Act" and the "Health Care Compact Act"). Mario Loyola, director of the Center for Tenth Amendment Studies was a member of the Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force and sponsored model legislation (the "Regional Air Quality Interstate Compact")
Marc Levin, who is the director of the Center for Effective Justice for TPPF, was a member of the Civil Justice Task Force in 2011, where he was the private chair of the "Overcriminalization Subcommittee." Previously, Levin was a member of the Public Safety and Elections Task Force where he sponsored several pieces of model legislation, including the “Resolution in Support of Victim Offender Mediation,” the “Criminal Intent Protection Act,” the “Treating Accused Persons Fairly Act,” the “Civil Liability Relief for Employers Hiring Ex-Offenders Act,” the “Resolution on the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act,” the “Provisional Licenses for Ex-Offenders Act,” the “Juvenile Offender Performance Incentive Funding Act,” and the “Resolution on Transparency and Accountability in Criminal Law.”
SPN, of which TPPF is a prominent member, has deep ties to ALEC. Please see SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.
The Koch brothers -- David and Charles -- are the right-wing billionaire co-owners of Koch Industries. As two of the richest people in the world, they are key funders of the right-wing infrastructure, including the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the State Policy Network (SPN). In SourceWatch, key articles on the Kochs include: Koch Brothers, Koch Industries, Americans for Prosperity, American Encore, and Freedom Partners.
Ties to the Koch Brothers
Texas Public Policy Foundation has deep ties to the Koch brothers. The organization has received funding from the Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation, the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, Donors Capital Fund and DonorsTrust. (See below)
Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
The Texas Public Policy Foundation has hosted writers from the ALEC-connected Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, which screens potential reporters on their “free market” views as part of the job application process. The Franklin Center funds reporters in over 40 states. Despite their non-partisan description, many of the websites funded by the Franklin Center have received criticism for their conservative bias. On its website, the Franklin Center claims it "provides 10 percent of all daily reporting from state capitals nationwide."
Franklin Center Funding
Franklin Center Director of Communications Michael Moroney told the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) in 2013 that the source of the Franklin Center's funding "is 100 percent anonymous." But 95 percent of its 2011 funding came from DonorsTrust, a spin-off of the Philanthropy Roundtable that functions as a large "donor-advised fund," cloaking the identity of donors to right-wing causes across the country (CPI did a review of Franklin's Internal Revenue Service records). Mother Jones called DonorsTrust "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement" in a February 2013 article. Franklin received DonorTrust's second-largest donation in 2011.
The Franklin Center was launched by the Chicago-based Sam Adams Alliance (SAM), a 501(c)(3) devoted to pushing free-market ideals. SAM gets funding from the State Policy Network, which is partially funded by The Claude R. Lambe Foundation. Charles Koch, one of the billionaire brothers who co-own Koch Industries, sits on the board of this foundation. SAM also receives funding from the Rodney Fund.
The Texas Public Policy Foundation is not required to disclose its funders. Its major foundation funders, however, can be found through a search of the IRS filings. Here are some of the known funders of the Texas Public Policy Foundation:
- Claude R. Lambe Foundation: $522,500 (1998-2012)
- Charles G. Koch Foundation: $529,554 (2004-2015)
- DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund: $1,786,705 (2010-2014)
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation: $240,000 (2010-2015)
- State Policy Network: $209,400 (2012-2014)
2010 Disclosure Uncovers Koch Money and Mystery SPN Slush Funds
In 2012, a list of 2010 funders of TPPF that was disclosed to the IRS was inadvertently made public. The list of funders revealed is an important case study in how the Kochs' disclosed foundation spending is an under-representation of their overall political giving: Koch gave more to TPPF from its corporate Koch Industries treasury than it gave from its Koch Family Foundations. Contributions from the latter are disclosed on the foundation's IRS filings, but donations from the former are largely untraceable. 
Koch Industries gave $159,834 directly to TPPF in 2012, versus $69,788.61 from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, which is a Koch Family Foundation.
The financial revelations also provide an important case study in how SPN's member think tanks are funded, and by whom.
SPN itself gave TPPF $49,306.90, but what's more, Tracie Sharp, SPN's executive director, was the contact person for an additional $495,000. These two grants, for $300,000 and $195,000, were listed as being received from the "State Think Tank Fund" and the "Government Transparency Fund," respectively -- two funds about which virtually nothing is known.
Over $3.3 Million in Koch Funding
According to a November 2013 report by Progress Texas and the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD), over the past few years TPPF "has received at least $3,314,591 from the billionaire Koch brothers or the organizations they support." This includes $733,333 received from the Koch family foundations and from Koch Industries, and $2,581,258 from the Donors Trust & Donors Capital Fund. TPPF also "received nearly $300,000 from the Searle Freedom Trust between 2007 to 2011."
TPPF Skilled Fundraisers
TPPF's "laissez-faire bent and championing of big-business agendas (tort reform, tax cuts, deregulation) [have] created wealthy allies," as noted by the Texas Observer. The newspaper spoke with a former TPPF vice president, who described the organization's corporate fundraising strategy this way:
- "Melinda Hasting -- who served as the foundation’s vice president from 1996 to 1998 but has since broken with the conservative movement -- says one fundraising tactic involved approaching corporations, wealthy businessmen, and corporate-funded foundations with a pitch. Hasting (formerly Melinda Wheatley) describes it: 'We think this is beneficial to your industry and would you consider providing us with a non-profit contribution. … Here’s the timeline for the completion of the research; the parameters of the research are this; we expect it will result in some savings or outsourcing.'"
The TPPF's 2005 annual report states that the groups budget was $1,759,602 million, an almost 30% increase on its 2004 budget. Individual contributors accounted for just over half the contributions, unspecified corporations $259,000 or 15% with the remainder from unspecified foundations.
- Armstrong Foundation
- Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation
- Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation
- Gordon and Mary Cain Foundation
- Jaquelin Hume Foundation
- JM Foundation
- Roe Foundation
- Ruth and Lovett Peters Foundation
- Total Revenue: $8,887,301
- Total Expenses: $5,636,703
- Net Assets: $4,687,842
- Total Revenue: $5,288,989
- Total Expenses: $4,731,140
- Net Assets: $7,545,929
- Total Revenue: $7,612,280
- Total Expenses: $4,364,605
- Net Assets: $6,988,080
- Total Revenue: $5,756,074.00
- Total Expenses:$4,948,598.00
- Net Assets: $4,235,880.00
- Total Revenue: $4,674,836.00
- Total Expenses: $3,390,188.00
- Net Assets: $3,428,404.00
- Total Revenue: $3,223,804.00
- Total Expenses: $3,026,663.00
- Net Assets: $2,143,756.00
As of January 2017:
- Brooke L. Rollins, President and CEO
- Kevin Roberts, Executive Vice President
- Greg Sindelar, Chief Operating Officer
- Joshua Trevino, Vice President of Strategic Communications
- Chuck DeVore, Vice President of National Initiatives
- Sarah French, Vice President of Development
- Bill Peacock, Vice President of Research; Director, Center for Economic Freedom
- Robert Henneke, General Counsel and Director, Center for the American Future
- Jaimie Ailshire, Office Manager
- Jamie Bennett, Communications Associate
- Chris Chapman, Senior Director of Advancement
- Doug Domenech, Director, Fueling Freedom Project
- Sarah Atnipp, Development Officer
- Annie Casteel, Director of Major Gifts
- Derek M. Cohen, Deputy Director, Center for Effective Justice
- Cara Dublin, Grants and Donor Communications Manager
- Trisha Dubar, Director of Donor Communications
- Caroline Espinosa, Director of Communications
- Jody Gibson, Publications and Marketing Manager
- Greg Glod, Manager, State Initiatives for Right on Crime and Senior Policy Analyst
- Elain Ellerbe, Louisiana State Director, Right on Crime
- Jess Fields, Article V Project Coordinator
- Vance Ginn, Economist, Center for Fiscal Policy
- David Guenthner, Senior Director for Public Affairs
- Olivia Gustin, Events Manager
- Michael Haugen, Staff Writer, Right on Crime
- Talmadge Heflin, Director, Center for Fiscal Policy
- Megan Ingram, Research Assistant
- Shari Hanraham, Special Campaigns Director
- Ted Hadzi-Antich, Center for the American Future
- Haley Holik, Attorney
- Dan Isett, Communications Director, Right on Crime
- Katie Kerschner, Project Coordinator, Center for Tenth Amendment Action
- Elizabeth Lincicome, Media Relations Manager
- Brandon J. Logan, Director, Center for Families and Children
- Carine Martinez-Gouhier, Managing Editor
- Marc Levin, Director, Center for Effective Justice and Right on Crime
- Thomas Lindsey, Director, Center for Higher Education
- Joe Luppino-Esposito, Policy Analyst, Center for Effective Justice & Right on Crime
- Bryan T. Mathew, Policy Analyst, Center for Local Governance
- Stephanie Matthews, Senior Policy Advisor
- Dianna Muldrow, Policy Analyst, Center for Effective Justice and Right on Crime
- Clint Nesmith, Director of Events
- Randy Petersen, Senior Researcher
- Trevor McGuire, Policy Analyst, Center for Higher Education & Center for Tenth Amendment
- Currie Myers, Senior Visiting Fellow
- Tarah Nypaver, Director of Strategic Partnerships
- James Quintero, Director, Center for Local Governance
- Stephen Robinson, Audio-Video Production Manager
- Chip Roy, Director, Center for the Tenth Amendment Action
- Andrew Speno, Oklahoma State Director, Right on Crime
- Gina Van Dyke, Operations Coordinator
- Avik Roy, Visiting Fellow
- Yvonne Simental, Paralegal
- Shannon Tracy, Communications & Events Manager, Right on Crime
- Deane Waldman, Director, Center for Healthcare Policy
- Ryan Walters, Attorney
- Chance Weldon, Attorney, Center for the American Future
- Kathleen White, Distinguished Senior Fellow-in-Residence; Director, Armstrong Center for Energy & the Environment
- Erin Wilcox, Attorney
- Arlene Wohlgemuth, Executive Director; Director, Center for Health Care Policy
- Ellen Marie Bartling
- Robert Croft, Vice President of Strategic Partnerships
- Colin Monaghan, Grants and Donor Communications Manager
- Geoffrey Tahuahua, Donor Relations Manager
- John Davidson, Senior Health Care Policy Analyst
- Josiah Neeley, Policy Analyst, Armstrong Center for Energy & the Environment
- Karen Lugo, Director, Center for Tenth Amendment Action
- Kathleen Hunker, Policy Analyst, Center for Economic Freedom
- Kristen Indriago, Director of Communications
- Nancy Druart, Publications Manager
- Michael Joyce, Director of Events
- Rikki Risinger, Accounting & Operations Manager
- Vikrant Reddy, Senior Policy Analyst, Center for Effective Justice
- Michael Quinn Sullivan
- Chris Patterson
- Byron Schlomach
- Mary Katherine Stout
- Shari Hanrahan
- Nancy Druart
- Nathan Thompson
- John Barrett
- Scott Brister
- James C. Capretta
- Wendell Cox
- Robert W. Crandall
- Candace de Russy
- John W. Diamond
- Susanna Dokupil
- Jerry Ellig
- Richard Epstein
- Eric Hanushek
- Milton Holloway
- David Hoyer
- Ronald A. Kaiser
- Matthew Ladner
- Michael Bond
- Patrick Brockett
- H. Sterling Burnett
- Timonthy J. Gronberg, Ph.D.
- Christopher Hammons
- David A. Hartman
- Devon M. Herrick
- Maurice P. McTigue
- Haavi Morreim
- Grover Norquist
- Randal O’Toole
- John Pisciotta
- Nat Shapo
- James C. Smith
- Ronald Trowbridge
- David G. Tuerck
- Richard Vedder, Ph.D.
- Bob Williams
- Patrick Wolf
Board of Directors
As of January 2017:
- Dr. Wendy Gramm, Chairman
- Tim Dunn, Vice Chairman
- Brooke L. Rollins, President and CEO
- James Leininger, Chairman Emeritus
- Ernest Angelo, Treasurer
- Tim Lyles, Secretary
- Phil Adams
- Rick Fletcher
- Windi Grimes
- Victor Leal
- Linda Mays McCaul
- Mayes Middleton
- L.C. "Chaz" Neely
- Brenda Pejovich
- Jeff Sandefer
- Kevin Sparks
- Kyle Stallings
- George W. Strake
- William A. McMinn
- James R. Leininger
- Phil D. Adams
- Ramiro Galindo
- Bill Jones
- Dale Laine
- Vance C. Miller
- John L. Nau, III
- Fritz Steiger
- Michael Stevens
- Kendall Miller
Texas Pubic Policy Foundation
901 Congress Avenue
Austin, Texas 78701
Articles and Resources
Related SourceWatch Articles
- State Policy Network:
- American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
- Donors Capital Fund
- Koch Family Foundations
- Koch Industries
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Heritage Foundation
- Think tanks
- Whitney Ball
- Adam Meyerson
- Bridgett Wagner
Related PRWatch Articles
- Brendan Fischer, Why Are the Franklin Center's "Wisconsin Reporter" and "Watchdog.org" Attacking the John Doe?, PRWatch.org, December 19, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, The State Policy Network's Cozy Relationship with Big Tobacco, PRWatch.org, December 16, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Did ALEC Found SPN? 1991 Report Suggests So, Exposes SPN Agenda, PRWatch.org, December 12, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Guardian Documents Expose State Policy Network Groups' Intent to Lobby, PRWatch.org, December 5, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, State Policy Network: The Stealth Network Dramatically Influencing State Law, PRWatch.org, December 5, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Tracie Sharp: Bursar of Mystery Money and "IKEA Model" Materials to Stink Tanks, PRWatch.org, November 19, 2013.
- Center for Media and Democracy, Reports Expose Extreme Pressure Groups Masquerading as Think Tanks, press release, November 13, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, A Reporters’ Guide to the "State Policy Network": the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch.org, April 4, 2013.
- Sara Jerving, ALEC and Heartland Aim to Crush Renewable Energy Standards in the States, PRWatch.org, November 27, 2012.
- Connor Gibson, Meet the Network Hiding the Koch Money: "Donors Trust" and "Donors Capital Fund", PRWatch.org, October 29, 2012.
- Brendan Fischer, Koch-Funded Mackinac Center Brings Wisconsin Act 10 Provisions to ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 2, 2012.
- Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 31, 2011.
- DeSmog Blog, Stink Tanks: Historical Records Reveal State Policy Network Was Created by ALEC, December 9, 2013.
- The Guardian, State conservative groups plan US-wide assault on education, health and tax, December 5, 2013.
- Portland Press Herald, "Washington County residents have mixed reactions to plan to eliminate taxes," December 5, 2013.
- The Texas Observer, "The Money Behind the Fight to Undermine Medicaid," December 5, 2013.
- Media Matters, North Carolina Newspapers Largely Ignore Conservative Funding Of Sham Think Tanks, December 3, 2013.
- Shepherd Express, Masters of Manipulation: Right-wing Billionaires, Corporations and the Bradley Foundation Pay for Junk Studies that Prop up Their Agenda, November 27, 2013.
- "Moyers & Company," How a Shadowy Network of Corporate Front Groups Distorts the Marketplace of Ideas, November 19, 2013.
- MSNBC "Rachel Maddow Show," November 18, 2013.
- Free Speech TV "Ring of Fire," Facebook, Microsoft, AT&T and Others Supporting Right Wing Propaganda Machine, November 18, 2013.
- Topeka Capital-Journal, Trabert dismisses report tying KPI to Koch agenda, November 16, 2013.
- The New Yorker (Jane Mayer), Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?, November 15, 2013.
- Salon, Ted Cruz and Koch brothers embroiled in shadowy Tea Party scheme, November 15, 2013.
- St. Louis Business Journal, Beyond Sinquefield: Who else is funding the Show-Me Institute?, November 15, 2013.
- The Guardian, Facebook and Microsoft help fund rightwing lobby network, report finds, November 14, 2013.
- Huffington Post, Meet The Little-Known Network Pushing Ideas For Kochs, ALEC, November 14, 2013.
- CBS St. Louis, Show-Me Institute’s Ties Questioned in New Report, November 14, 2013.
- Talking Points Memo, Florida Conservative Group Helping Muck Up Obamacare In Alaska, November 14, 2013.
- Mint Press News, Reports Reveal SPN’s Secret Corporate Agenda Through Use ‘Expert’ Testimony, November 14, 2013.
- Media Matters, Shadowy Right-Wing Group Generates Media Coverage For Conservative Policy From Coast To Coast, November 14, 2013.
- The Institute for Southern Studies, Are conservative think tanks breaking lobbying laws?, November 14, 2013.
- Nonprofit Quarterly, Corporate Money in Network of Right-Wing State Policy Think Tanks, November 14, 2013.
- The Progressive, Right-Wing Think Tanks Push Privatization in the States, November 13, 2013.
- Politico, Report: Think tanks tied to Kochs, November 13, 2013.
- Lawrence Journal-World, Reports released by progressive groups are critical of Kansas Policy Institute, November 13, 2013.
- Maine Insights, Report: Maine Heritage Policy Center’s funding connection to Koch Brothers, November 13, 2013.
- The Florida Current, Liberal groups bemoan lobbying by conservative think tanks, November 13, 2013.
- The Oregonian, Cascade Policy Institute benefits from secretive donor group but says it operates independently, November 13, 2013.
- Center for Media and Democracy, EXPOSED: The State Policy Network, The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Arizona Working Families and CMD, A Reporter’s Guide to the Goldwater Institute: What Citizens, Policymakers, and Reporters Should Know, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Progress Florida and CMD, Lawmaking Under the Influence of Very Special Interests: Understand the role of Florida ‘think tanks’ in driving a Koch-fueled, ALEC-allied corporate agenda, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Maine's Majority Education Fund, Fooling Maine: How national conservative groups infiltrated Maine politics by founding and funding the Maine Heritage Policy Center, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Michigan, Who's Running Michigan? The Far-Right Influence of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Alliance for a Better Minnesota, Who's in Charge: How Nationalized Corporate-Run Think Tanks Influence Minnesota Politics, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Missouri, What Missourians Need to Know About the Show-Me Institute, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Granite State Progress, Bad Bartlett: The Josiah Bartlett Center and NH Watchdog Answer the Call of the Koch Brothers, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- ProgressOhio, Smoke Screen: The Buckeye Institute, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Keystone Progress, Think tanks or corporate lobbyist propaganda mills?, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Texas, TPPF + ALEC, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- One Wisconsin Now, S is for Shill: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Attack on Public Education, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Muncie Voice, Pence and Right-Wing Are Taking Over Public Education, November 13, 2013.
- The Spokesman-Review, Shawn Vestal: Idaho Freedom Foundation pushes limits of word ‘charity’, November 2, 2013.
- AZ Central, When this ‘watchdog’ pitches, taxpayers strike out, October 12, 2013.
- IndyStar, Daniels says speech to partisan group was a mistake, October 10, 2013.
- Muncie Voice, Indiana Policy Review: Not an Independent News Source, October 2, 2013.
- The Spokesman-Review, Idaho Freedom Foundation's charitable status scrutinized, September 15, 2013.
- CounterSpin, Lee Fang on 'The Right Leans In', April 5, 2013.
- FireDogLake, State Policy Network, an umbrella coordinating ALEC, Heritage, Heartland and others, April 4, 2013.
- Thom Hartmann with Lee Fang on MSNBC, The conservative State Policy Network is sneaking into your state & will change America, March 29, 2013.
- Current TV "War Room", Lee Fang discussing the State Policy Network, March 28, 2013.
- The Nation, The Right Leans In, March 26, 2013.
- Democracy Now, Donors Trust: Little-Known Group Helps Wealthy Backers Fund Right-Wing Agenda in Secret, February 19, 2013.
- Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, Consider the Source, February 14, 2013.
- John R. Mashey, Fake science, fakexperts, funny finances, free of tax 2, DeSmog Blog report, updated October 23, 2012, p. 74.
- Urban Milwaukee, Stealth Conservatives, October 11, 2012.
- Rome News-Tribune, ANALYSIS: Georgia leaders depend on the same well for ideas, October 2012.
- Andy Kroll, The Right-Wing Network Behind the War on Unions, Mother Jones, April 25, 2011.
- Guidestar, State Policy Network, IRS filings and other organizational information about SPN.
- Center for Policy Alternatives, ALEC and the Extreme Right-Wing Agenda, organizational brochure about ALEC and SPN.
- John J. Miller, Fifty Flowers Bloom: Conservative think tanks — mini–Heritage Foundations — at the state level, National Review, November 19, 2007.
- Bridge Project, State Policy Network, online resource listing grants to SPN and SPN's connections to other groups.
- People for the American Way, State Policy Network, RightWingWatch.org, organizational resource.
- Greenpeace, Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group: State Policy Network (SPN), organizational resource.
- "Perry, staff took Bahamas trip paid for by donors", Associated Press, 24 February 2004
- Forrest Wilder, Revealed: The Corporations and Billionaires that Fund the Texas Public Policy Foundation, The Texas Observer, August 24, 2012.
- Abby Rapoport, Education Inc. - How private companies are profiting from Texas public schools., The Texas Observer, September 6, 2011. "...students and parents must now contend with a business-education complex in which industries perpetuate ideologies, and ideologies keep industries afloat."
- S.C. GWYNNE and GARY JACOBSON, Entrepreneur and Perry friend puts Texas at center of higher education firestorm, Dallas Morning News, June 25, 2011.
- Paul J. Weber, AP, Senate Republicans want to tap state piggy bank, Austin American Statesman, April 11, 2013.
- Bill King, Perry waging a war over higher education, Houston Chronicle, January 16, 2013.
- Valerie Strauss, Why U. of Texas academics blasted Gov. Rick Perry, The Washington Post, August 29, 2011.
- Nick Anderson, Head of major university group weighs in on U-Va., The Washington Post, October 25, 2012.
- Forrest Wilder, Revealed: The Corporations and Billionaires that Fund the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Texas Observer, August 24, 2012.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation. "About", organizational website, accessed December 2012.
- Samantha Page, The Koch brothers, Big Oil, and Texas utilities are already shaping Trump’s environmental agenda, Think Progress, November 30, 2016.
- Doug Domenech, What’s Next for Energy and Climate Policy?, Real Clear Energy, November 16, 2016.
- Nick Surgey, Peabody Coal Bankruptcy Reveals Climate Denial Network Funding, PR Watch, June 13, 2016.
- Progress Texas and the Center for Media and Democracy, TPPF + ALEC, Organizational Report, November 13, 2013.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation. Texas Public Policy Foundation Leaders Stand with the American Legislative Exchange Council, organizational website, accessed December 2012.
- Nick Surgey, "ExxonMobil Top Sponsor at ALEC Annual Meeting," Exposed by CMD, Center for Media and Democracy, July 27, 2016.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, ALEC appoints Dr. Thomas Lindsay (TPPF) Vice Chairman of the Education Task Force Higher Education Subcommittee, organizational press release, October 25, 2013.
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, June 30, 2011, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force meeting agenda and materials, March 31, 2011, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Civil Justice Task Force meeting agenda and materials, October 27, 2011, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Public Safety and Elections Task Force meeting agenda and materials, October 27, 2010, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Public Safety and Elections Task Force meeting agenda and materials, March 31, 2011, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Public Safety and Elections Task Force meeting agenda and materials, April 6, 2012, on file with CMD
- American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force meeting agenda and materials, June 30, 2011, on file with CMD
- Charles Koch Institute, Partner Organizations, Charles Koch Institute, 2016.
- Franklin Center, Franklin Affiliates in Your State, organizational website, accessed October 2012.
- The Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, Think tank Journalism: The Future of Investigative Journalism, organizational website, accessed August 19, 2011.
- Rebekah Metzler, "Watchdog" website puts a new spin on politics, The Portland Press Herald, October 2, 2010.
- Allison Kilkenny, The Koch Spider Web, Truthout, accessed August 19, 2011.
- Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 27, 2011.
- Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, organizational report, February 14, 2013.
- Andy Kroll, Exposed: The Dark-Money ATM of the Conservative Movement, Mother Jones, February 5, 2013.
- Daniel Bice, Franklin Center boss wants apology from Democratic staffer, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 8, 2011.
- The Bradley Foundation. The Bradley Foundation. Organizational website. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Sam Adams Alliance. Sam Adams Alliance Media Kit. Organizational PDF. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Media Matters Action Network. Sam Adams Alliance. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Media Matters Action Network. State Policy Network. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Media Matters Action Network. Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Forrest Wilder, Revealed: The Corporations and Billionaires that Fund the Texas Public Policy Foundation, TPPF Donor List, Texas Observer, August 24, 2012.
- Forrest Wilder and Abby Rapoport, The Brains Behind the Curtain, Texas Observer, November 30, 2011, archived by the Wayback Machine January 15, 2013.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation "2005 Annual Report"
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, Texas Public Policy Foundation 2014 Form 990, Texas Public Policy Foundation, May 2, 2015.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, Texas Public Policy Foundation 2013 Form 990, Texas Public Policy Foundation, May 15, 2014.
- GuideStar, Texas Public Policy Foundation 2012 Form 990, GuideStar.org, accessed June 11, 2014.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, IRS form 990, 2011. GuideStar.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, IRS form 990, 2010. GuideStar.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, IRS form 990, 2009. GuideStar.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, Staff, Texas Public Policy Foundation, 2017.
- Texas Public Policy Foundation, Board of Directors, Texas Public Policy Foundation, 2017.