Mont Pelerin Society
The Mont Pelerin Society (MPS) is an international organisation, consisting of "free-market" economists, business leaders and journalists with a declared objective of "reaffirming and preserving private property rights, a moral code for both public and private activity, intellectual freedom, state behaviour limited by the rule of law, and ‘the right of each individual to plan his own life’." MPS's website warns of "danger in the expansion of government, not least in state welfare, in the power of trade unions and business monopoly, and in the continuing threat and reality of inflation." 
The Society is named after the hotel near Montreux, Switzerland, where the first meeting was convened in 1947 by F.A. Hayek, to combat the “state ascendancy and Marxist or Keynesian planning [that was] sweeping the globe”. Since then, 32 General and 27 Regional Meetings have been held and its membership has risen from under 50 to over 500.
Controversial Members (Current and Former)
- Edward H. Crane (President and CEO of the Cato Institute)
- Edwin J. Feulner, former President and current Treasurer (President of the Heritage Foundation)
- Milton Friedman, past President
- Charles G. Koch (Koch Industries CEO)
- Ludwig von Mises, founding member
- Lawrence Reed (president of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy from its founding in 1987 until 2008)
- Thomas A. Roe (founder of the State Policy Network and South Carolina Policy Council)
MPS founder F. A. Hayek stressed that the society was to be a scholarly community arguing ideas against collectivism while not engaging in public relations or propaganda. However, the society has always been a focal point for the international free market think-tank movement: Hayek himself used it as a forum to encourage members such as Antony Fisher to pursue the think-tank route in favour of politics. Fisher went on the establish the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) in London during 1971, the Heritage Foundation in Washington, D.C. during 1973, and the Atlas Economic Research Foundation in 1981. In turn the Atlas Foundation supports a wide network of think-tanks, including the Fraser Institute and the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. All these organisations continue to share close ties with the MPS.
Prominent MPS members who have advanced to policy positions include Chancellor Ludwig Erhard of West Germany, President Luigi Einaudi of []Italy, Chairman Arthur Burns of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, and, currently, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus of the Czech Republic. Eight MPS members, including F. A. Hayek, Milton Friedman, and George Stigler, won Nobel prizes in economics. Of 76 economic advisers on Ronald Reagan's 1980 campaign staff, 22 were MPS members, including Anderson himself.  The British economist John Jewkes was a former President of the Society.
In 1947, "36 scholars, mostly economists, with some historians and philosophers, were invited by Professor Friedrich Hayek to meet at Mont Pelerin, Switzerland, and discuss the state, and possible fate, of liberalism". Invitees included Henry Simons (who would later train Milton Friedman, later a president of the society, at the University of Chicago); the American former-Fabian socialist Walter Lippmann; Viennese Aristotelian Society leader Karl Popper; fellow Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises; Sir John Clapham, a senior official of the Bank of England who from 1940-46 was the president of the British Royal Society; Otto von Hapsburg, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne; and Max von Thurn und Taxis, Bavaria-based head of the 400-year-old Venetian Thurn und Taxis family."
"The resulting Mont Pelerin Society aimed to 'facilitate an exchange of ideas between like-minded scholars in the hope of strengthening the principles and practice of a free society and to study the workings, virtues, and defects of market-oriented economic systems.'"
Board Members (2011)
- Kenneth Minogue, United Kingdom
Senior Vice President
- Deepak Lal, United States, and past President (2008-2010)
- Giancarlo Ibarguen, Guatemala
- Edwin J. Feulner, United States
- Jeff Clark, United States
- Enrique Ghersi, Peru
- Yoshi Shimizu, Japan
- Carl-Johan Westholm, Sweden, and former Secretary
- Linda Whetstone, United Kingdom
- Kevin Murphy, United States
- Suri Ratnapala, Australia
- Gerhard Schwarz, Switzerland
- Jiri Schwarz, Czech Republic
- Veselin Vukotic, Montenegro
Richard Wong, China
Past Board of Directors (2007)
- Greg Lindsay, President (2006-2008) (Australia)
- Victoria Curzon-Price, Vice President amd past President (2004-2006) (Switzerland)
- Edwin J. Feulner, Treasurer, and past President (1996-1998) (USA)
- Leonard Liggio, Vice President (USA), past President (2002-2004)
- Eduardo Mayora, Vice President (Guatemala)
- Jean-Pierre Centi, Vice President (France)
- Ruth Richardson, Vice President (New Zealand)
- Eamonn Butler, Director (UK)
- Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard, Director (Denmark)
- Michael Zoller, Director (Germany)
- Hiromitsu Ishi, Director (Japan)
- Inventory of the general meeting files of the Mont Pèlerin Society (1947-1998). 108pp pdf.
- Ralph Harris 'The plan to end planning - the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society' National Review, June 16, 1997 
- William H. Peterson, A History of the Mont Pelerin Society by R. M. Hartwell (book review), The Freeman, Foundation for Economic Education, July 1996.
- Cato Institute, Edward Crane, organizational biography, accessed February 2013.
- Mont Pelerin Society, Board, organizational website, accessed February 2013.
- Mont Pelerin Society, Past Presidents, organizational website, accessed February 2013.
- Mercatus Center, Charles Koch, organizational biography, accessed February 2013.
- Mont Pelerin Society, About, organizational website, accessed February 2013.
- Lawrence Reed, About Me, personal website, accessed February 2013.
- John J. Miller, Safeguarding a Conservative Donor’s Intent: The Roe Foundation at 39, Foundation Watch, Capital Research Center publication, May 2007, accessed September 2012