Independent Commission on Environmental Education

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The Independent Commission on Environmental Education (ICEE) was a now-defunct K Street project of the George C. Marshall Institute[1]; it was succeeded by the Environmental Literacy Council[2].


The ICEE reportedly had a ten-member panel[3], listed as:[4],[5]

(In contrast - and probably incorrectly - the ExxonSecrets page for ICEE lists just six[1], with only one person common to both lists: Thomas Gale Moore, Patrick J. Michaels, Robert C. Balling Jr., Frederick Seitz, Paul C. Knappenberger, and Robert E. Davis; Knappenberger has said the ExxonSecrets list is incorrect.)


ICEE reviewed and made recommendations on "improvements" to textbooks dealing with environmental education, usually recommending alterations designed to weaken the arguments.

Report - Are We Building Environmental Literacy?

For example, the committee recommended that the more drastic effects of global warming be emphasized as being only theoretical, reliant on "computer models" that are being "constantly updated" (so, presumably, unreliable?), and that students should be taught that "any efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the industrialized countries will be overtaken in the next few decades by greenhouse gas emissions arising from rapidly industrializing nations, especially in Southeast Asia," essentially denying that first-world leadership in at least reducing the growth rate of greenhouse emissions would have any effect on worldwide adoption of such standards.[6]

Aftermath: the Environmental Literacy Council

Upon publication of this 1997 report, the ICEE was disbanded and its successor[2] the Environmental Literacy Council came into being - as the ELC page notes, at the same address and apparently with virtually the same personnel.


The ICEE's address was:[7]
1730 K Street NW Suite 905 (listed as Suite 502 in ExxonSecrets factsheet[8])
Washington, DC 20006
It is unclear if the ICEE ever had a website; their 1997 report was promoted by the Marshall Institute and hosted on the website.[6]

Articles and resources

Related SourceWatch articles


  1. 1.0 1.1 ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Independent Commission on Environmental Education. Greenpeace USA. Retrieved on 2010-01-04.
  2. 2.0 2.1 About the Council. Environmental Literacy Council (1998 or earlier). Retrieved on 2010-01-05. “The Environmental Literacy Council... builds on the work of its predecessor organization, the Independent Commission on Environmental Education, and its report, Are We Building Environmental Literacy?”
  3. Staff (1997-06-01). Panel Finds Environmental Education Lacking in Science - Environment & Climate News. Heartland Institute. Retrieved on 2010-01-05. “The ICEE’s ten-member panel includes experts in the areas most often covered by environmental education, including acid rain, biodiversity, climate change, energy, forestry, population, health, economics, and waste management. The ICEE’s report was commissioned by the George Marshall Institute...”
  4. Independent Commission on Environmental Education. Marshall Institute (1997). Retrieved on 2010-01-05.
  5. Commission Members. Marshall Institute. Retrieved on 2010-01-05.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Are We Building Environmental Literacy? A Report of the Independent Commission on Environmental Education. Marshall Institute (1997-04-15).
  7. (Order ICEE report). Marshall Institute (1997). Retrieved on 2010-01-05. “send $12.50 for each copy to the following address: Independent Commission on Environmental Education - 1730 K Street NW, Suite 905 - Washington, DC 20006 - or call 1800-992-992-0671. For more”
  8. Factsheet: Independent Commission on Environmental Education. ExxonSecrets (Greenpeace). Retrieved on 2010-01-05. “1730 K Street NW.Suite 502.Washington, DC 20006; Phone: 202-296-9655”

External articles

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