Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation

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Michael Grebe "Money Badger" (Source: One Wisconsin Now)

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation (LHBF), formerly known as Allen-Bradley Foundation, was established in 1942, describing itself as "a private, independent grantmaking organization based in Milwaukee."[1]. According to the foundation's 1998 Annual Report and a 2011 report by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation gives away more than $30 million per year.[2][3] In November 2013, One Wisconsin Now and the Center for Media and Democracy reported that the Bradley Foundation had given over $500 million to conservative "public-policy experiments" since 2000.[4]

For a full list of groups the foundation has funded please go to our Bradley Foundationcontributions page.

Harry Bradley was one of the original charter members of the far right-wing John Birch Society, along with another Birch Society board member, Fred Koch, the father of Koch Industries' billionaire brothers and owners, Charles and David Koch.[5]

According to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “from 2001 to 2009, it [Bradley] doled out nearly as much money as the seven Koch and Scaife foundations combined.”[6]


Ties to Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker

Within days of Scott Walker's 2010 election, he met the board and senior staff of the Bradley Foundation at Milwaukee’s elite Bacchus Restaurant. Two weeks later, the Bradley-funded MacIver Institute published an editorial calling for Walker and the legislature to end collective bargaining for public employees and attack private unions by making Wisconsin a “Right to Work” state.[7]

The MacIver Institute received $360,000 from Bradley in its first three years of existence, and ran a series of pro-Walker "It’s Working!" ads with Americans for Prosperity (AFP), which has also been funded by Bradley.[7]

In addition to the ties to Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker noted above, LHBF CEO Grebe conducted interviews personally at the cabinet level of the Walker administration and served as chair of the "Friends of Scott Walker."[8]

In 2010, the MacIver Institute, which is funded by the Bradley Foundation, posted an op-ed pushing for a repeal of collective bargaining rights. The article read: "Two simple but fundamental steps to kick start the Wisconsin economy and get our state budget mess resolved would be to repeal collective bargaining for public employees and to make Wisconsin a right to work state, giving private sector workers the choice of whether they want to pay union dues in their workplace."[9]

The MacIver Institute and Americans for Prosperity spent millions defending Walker in his 2011 recall election. Americans for Prosperity, a Koch-brother-funded political group, received $600,000 from the Bradley Foundation from 2004 to 2010.

The Center for Union Facts, an anti-union organization that is part of lobbyist Rick Berman's family of front groups, received $1.55 million between 2007 and 2010 from the foundation and spent heavily to support Walker and smear teachers unions with an anti-union website during the fight over collective bargaining rights in 2011.

In February of 2013, Walker proposed his 2013-2015 budget, which contains plans to massively expand Wisconsin's school voucher program. Congruent with the efforts of the Bradley Foundation and ALEC, this would provide state subsidies for students to leave public schools in exchange for private schools, effectively re-appropriating substantial government public education funding to the private sector.[10]

Recipients of Bradley Foundation Grants

For a full list of grants, see the Contributions of the Bradley Foundation page, which is based off of and links to the foundation's 990 tax forms from 1998-2011.

In 2011, a total of $34,948,552 in grants was awarded, along with $6,937,472 recorded for future payments.[11]

According to Right Wing Watch, the Bradley Foundation has given grants to highly controversial individuals:

"Bradley has supported and in some cases, had to defend controversial right-wing recipients of their grants, particularly Charles Murray and Dinesh D'Souza.[12]
"Charles Murray - Murray, author of "The Bell Curve," which argues that intelligence is predicated on race, and "Losing Ground," whose thesis is that social programs should be abolished. Murray's work was so controversial and objectionable that the right-wing Manhattan Institute, supported by Bradley and for which he worked, asked him to leave. However, the Bradley Foundation stood by him because Murray, according to former Bradley President Michael Joyce, "is one of the foremost social thinkers in the country." Bradley extended Murray's $100,000 per year grant when he went to the American Enterprise Institute. [12]
"Dinesh D'Souza - D'Souza, in his book, The End of Racism, attempts to absolve Whites from discrimination against Blacks during slavery, claiming that Blacks were too uncivilized to be a part of society anyway."[12]

Ties to DonorsTrust, a Koch Conduit

DonorsTrust is considered a "donor-advised fund," which means that it divides its funds into separate accounts for individual donors, who then recommend disbursements from the accounts to different non-profits. Funds like DonorsTrust are not uncommon in the non-profit sector, but they do cloak the identity of the original donors because the funds are typically distributed in the name of DonorsTrust rather than the original donors.[13] Very little was known about DonorsTrust until late 2012 and early 2013, when the Guardian and others published extensive reports on what Mother Jones called "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement."[14][15]

DonorsTrust Funding

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation contributed $1,175,000 to DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund between 2009 and 2011.

A report by the Center for Public Integrity exposes a number of DonorsTrust funders, many of which have ties to the Koch brothers. One of the most prominent funders is the Knowledge and Progress Fund, a Charles Koch-run organization and one of the group's largest known contributors, having donated nearly $8 million from 2005 to 2011. Other contributors known to have donated at least $1 million to DonorsTrust include the Richard and Helen DeVos Foundation, Donald & Paula Smith Family Foundation, Searle Freedom Trust, and the John M. Olin Foundation.[16]

Since its inception in 1999, DonorsTrust has been used by conservative foundations and individuals to discretely funnel nearly $400 million to like-minded think tanks and media outlets.[16] According to the organization's tax documents, in 2011, DonorsTrust contributed a total of $86 million to conservative organizations. Many recipients had ties to the State Policy Network (SPN), a wide collection of conservative state-based think tanks and media organizations that focus on shaping public policy and opinion. In 2013, the Center for Media and Democracy released a special report on SPN. Those who received DonorsTrust funding included media outlets such as the Franklin Center and the Lucy Burns Institute, as well as think tanks such as SPN itself, the Heartland Institute, Illinois Policy Institute, Independence Institute, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, South Carolina Policy Council, American Legislative Exchange Council, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, and the Cascade Policy Institute.[17]

Funding Rick Berman's Front Groups

The Bradley Foundation has given at least $375,000 (from 2009 to 2012) to one of Rick Berman's PR front groups, the Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF), which runs HumaneWatch.org, the Environmental Policy Alliance, and the Humane Society for Shelter Pets, ConsumerFreedom.com, ActivistCash.com, CSPIscam.com (attacking the Center for Science in the Public Interest), Animal-Scam.com, FishScam.com, ObesityMyths.com, Sweetscam.com, PhysiciansScam.com and PetaKillsAnimals.com; actively opposes smoking bans and lowering the legal blood-alcohol level, while targeting studies on the dangers of meat and dairy, processed food, fatty foods, soda pop, pharmaceuticals, animal testing, overfishing, and pesticides;[18] and is reportedly primarily funded by corporate restaurants and the food industry.[19] The Bradley Foundation gave CCF $200,000 in 2009,[20] $50,000 in 2010,[21] and $125,000 in 2012,[22] according to the foundation's IRS tax filings for those years. See Contributions of the Bradley Foundation for more.

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Documents $350 Million Spent Over Ten Years

A 2011 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel article outlined how the Bradley Foundation spent more than $350 million over ten years, including $234 million on conservative causes and $79 million on higher education to universities around the United States.[3]

The report found that 38 percent of the $350 million was spent in Wisconsin, 32 percent was spent in Milwaukee and only 6 percent for the rest of Wisconsin. 23 percent was spent in Washington, D.C., and the rest spread around the rest of the country.

The top 30 grant recipients received a combined $155 million, including:

Funding the American Legislative Exchange Council

According to the foundation's 990 tax forms, between 2009 and 2011 the Bradley Foundation gave $270,000 in contributions to the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).[23]

According to the Bradley Foundation’s annual reports, it gave $145,000 to ALEC in 2009 and 2010 for initiatives including ALEC's "Budget Reform Education Project," the "Donor Freedom Project," and the “Budget Reform and Transparency Project.” (The Foundation’s 2011 Annual Report was not yet available as of May 2012.) ALEC also thanked the Bradley Foundation in its 2011 “State Budget Reform Toolkit” for funding the publication, which promotes a number of templates that have been embraced by ALEC members in Wisconsin.[7]

Among other things, Bradley has focused its funding efforts on programs to divert tax dollars from public schools to private entities via "voucher" programs that undermine public education. According to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Bradley poured $20 million into the effort to bring so-called "school choice" vouchers to Milwaukee, and has spent countless sums supporting groups that aim to expand the program across Wisconsin. These anti-public education initiatives are also advanced by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).[7]

About ALEC
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.


Funding School Choice Expansion

Graphic by One Wisconsin Now Tracing Bradley School Choice Funding

A report released by non-profit activist group One Wisconsin Now in April, 2013 details the Bradley Foundation's massive efforts to funnel money into school privatization programs nationwide. According to the report, since 2001 the Bradley Foundation has spent over $31 million "supporting organizations promoting education privatization, academics providing favorable pro-privatization pseudo-science, media personalities promoting the privatization agenda and lobbying organizations advocating for privatization legislation." CEO of the Bradley Foundation, Michael Grebe, has also served as campaign co-chair for Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker, who has worked to expand voucher school funding in Wisconsin by 32 percent. Grebe led transition efforts and chaired Walker's campaign committee for the 2012 recall election. The report estimates that between 2014 and 2015, $1.8 billion in taxpayer dollars will go toward private voucher schools in Wisconsin.[24]

Graphic by One Wisconsin Now Depicting the Bradley Foundation's Support of Milwaukee's School Voucher Program

Funding for Charter Schools

The Bradley Foundation is a top funder for groups affiliated with charter schools nationwide. Its top recipient is the Charter School Growth Fund, a group that provides start up money for new charter school nationwide.

The second largest recipient for the group was Partners Advancing Values in Education, another charter school advocacy group.[3]

Funding of Voter Suppression Billboards

In 2010 and 2012, billboards went up in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and a few cities in Ohio that displayed the message "Voter Fraud is a Felony!" The original billboards in 2010 had a picture of a black man behind bars, but the billboards were changed after public outcry. Shortly before the 2012 election, public pressure mounted in Milwaukee demanding that the funders of the billboards be disclosed, and that the billboards come down. Clear Channel Outdoor, the advertising company that owned the billboard space, finally agreed to take the billboards down. One Wisconsin Now, a progressive advocacy organization, revealed that the Einhorn Family Foundation was behind the billboards, and a few days later Michael Grebe, the president and CEO of the Bradley Foundation, confirmed to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that it had provided $10,000 to the Einhorn Family Foundation in 2010 that had in fact been used for billboards.[25]

Funding Islamophobia in the United States

Research from the Center for American Progress (CAP) indicates that LHBF has funded various organizations and individuals contributing to an anti-Islamic hysteria in the United States. Between 2001 and 2009, LHBF has contributed $5,370,000 to various Islamophobic groups, including the Center for Security Policy, the Middle East Forum, and the David Horowitz Freedom Center.[26]

Funding the Wisconsin Policy Research Institute and the MacIver Institute

From 2008 to 2012, the MacIver Institute, a relatively new and increasingly influential think tank that is also a State Policy Network member (Wisconsin is one of few states to have two SPN member think tanks, but all 50 states have at least one), received $635,000 from the Bradley Foundation[4][27] According to One Wisconsin Now and CMD, in 2012, "SPN awarded the MacIver Institute a 'Network Award' for 'its excellent work in defense of free markets.'[4]

The Bradley Foundation gave the Wisconsin Policy Research Institute (WPRI), (also a member State Policy Network), a $2.8 million start-up grant in 1987, and by 2010 it had given the institute a total of $16.5 million. The Bradley Foundation’s Michael Joyce launched his attack on progressivism in the Winter 1994 issue of Wisconsin Interest, a publication of the Wisconsin Policy Research Institute.[28]

The following chart--published in November 2013 by One Wisconsin Now and the Center for Media and Democracy--compares the agendas of the McIver Institute, WPRI and other Bradley foundation funded organizations: [4]

Issues McIver Institute Wisconsin Policy Research Institute (WPRI) American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) Americans for Prosperity (AFP)
Privatizing Public Education The MacIver Institute has

supported education privatization measures, including the expansion of school vouchers and charter schools, in several reports, articles, and ‘studies’, including in their recent report, “Debunking Five Common Myths About School Choice” (May 2013).

WPRI, a longtime supporter

of education privatization, promotes education privatization measures such as school voucher and charter school expansion in its May 2013 report, “Understanding School Finance in Wisconsin: A Primer,”

Education privatization is

also a key component in ALEC’s extreme agenda. ALEC’s school voucher “models” include the Special Needs Scholarship Program Act, and the School Choice Directory Act. ALEC’s charter school models include the Charter Schools Act and the Next Generation Charter Schools Act.

In May 2013, AFP-Wisconsin

launched a campaign to support Governor Scott Walker’s plan to further privatize public education in Wisconsin, asking citizens to call the legislators to support Walker’s plan.

Attacking Renewable Energy The MacIver Institute has

released several reports and articles attacking clean and renewable energy, and has specifically opposed Wisconsin’s renewable energy portfolio.

WPRI’s March 2013 report,

“Law Mandating Use of Renewable Energy Costing Wisconsinites Hundreds of Millions,” attacks Wisconsin’s renewable energy portfolio.

ALEC’s “Electricity

Freedom Act” repeals renewable energy standards and is an attack on states with plans requiring companies to get a certain percentage of their electricity from renewable sources. ALEC’s new “Market Power Renewables Act” and “Renewable Energy Credit Act” is another tactic to attack renewable energy standards and provide hollow replacements.

AFP is well known for its

support of the fossil fuel industry and denying the science behind climate change. Like ALEC and the SPN think tanks in Wisconsin, it has been an aggressive opponent of renewable portfolio standards.

Supermajority for Tax Increases The MacIver Institute has

supported a ‘supermajority’ amendment for tax increases in the past, including in its January 2011 report, “Use Every Measure to Limit State's Ability to Hike Taxes.”

WPRI calls for a

supermajority requirement to raise any taxes in its January 2011 report, “Why Wisconsin Should Require A Supermajority To Raise Taxes.”

ALEC’s “Super-Majority

Act” would amend the state constitution to require all tax and “license fee” increases or impositions be approved by two-thirds of all member s of each house of the legislature, expect when there is insufficient revenue to pay interest on the state’s debt.

AFP has supported

supermajority acts in at least Michigan, New Hampshire, Kansas, and Washington.

Voter Supression Several of MacIver ‘News’

Services article promote and support voter suppression measures, including “GAB Directive Could Undermine Voter ID Protections” (August 2011), “Racine Irregularities Renew Calls for Voter ID” (July 2012), and “Voter ID Law Upheld by Court of Appeals” (May 2013).

WPRI Mike Nichols

supported Voter ID and voter suppression in the January 2011 WPRI post “Voter ID? How About Candidate ID?”

ALEC’s “Voter ID Act”

makes it more difficult for American citizens to vote. It would change ID rules so that citizens who have been registered to vote for decades must show certain kinds of ID in order to vote. This bill disenfranchises many low-income, minority, college students and elderly Americans who do not have driver’s licenses but have typically used other forms of ID.

AFP has taken part in its

own version of voter suppression. During the 2011 recall elections, AFPWisconsin sent many Democratic voters a mailing that gave an incorrect deadline for absentee ballots. AFP is also known for hosting events featuring Catherine Englebrecht, a voter suppression activist. In North Carolina, AFP bused suppression activists to the state capitol to sit in on hearings on voter ID bills.

Opposing Healthcare Reform & Medicaid Expansion The MacIver Institute has

released several reports against the Affordable Care Act and Medicaid expansion, including “Rejection of Medicaid Expansion Will Save Federal Taxpayers Money” (June 2013), “Chart of the Day - Wisconsin's Medicaid Options” (June 2013), and “More Voters Support Scott Walker's Rejection of Obamacare Medicaid Expansion” (May 2013).

WPRI speaks out against

Medicaid expansion in the Affordable Care Act in a July 2012 post: “Medicaid Expansion: A Tough Sell for Governors of Both Parties”

ALEC has issued several

“model” bills against the 2010 Affordable Care Act, including the Freedom of Choice in Health Care Act and the Resolution Opposing Employer-Paid Health Care Mandates. ALEC’s Guide to Repeal Obamacare is a guide for state legislators to repeal the Affordable Care Act, and urges them to reject Medicaid expansion and federal grants for Medicaid.

AFP, both nationally and in

Wisconsin, is well known for its efforts opposing the Affordable Care Act, including spending at least $1.7 million on TV ads around the country denouncing the reform.

Supporting Scott Walkers' Attacks on Workers' Rights The MacIver Institute is well

known for supporting Gov. Walker in his 2012 recall, spurred by Walker stripping collective bargaining rights, by spending $3.7 million with Americans for Prosperity to promote Walker’s policies. MacIver was an initial supporter of Act 10, the bill that stripped collective bargaining rights, and has released several reports supporting the measure since it became law. In April 2011, Mother Jones reported MacIver even cut a video that dismissed the pro-labor protesters at the Wisconsin capital as radicalized communists and socialists.

WPRI is an outspoken

opponent of collective bargaining rights, noting in one Wisconsin Interest Magazine article that unions are the “barrier to innovation.”

ALEC’s “Right to Work Act”

is an attack on working families across the state as this bill takes away workers’ ability to negotiate fair contracts.

ALEC’s “Employee Rights Reform Act” limits revenue streams for public employee unions and imposes new reporting burdens on union activities.

ALEC’s “Paycheck Protection Act” is an attack on workers and attempts to make it difficult for unions to raise funds.

AFP was one of the most

active organizations supporting Walker’s repeal of collective bargaining rights in Wisconsin throughout 2011 and 2012, and continues to support the legislation – Act 10 – today.

See original table[4]

The Bradley Foundation Funds Challenges to Civil Rights and Racial Equality

With the financial support of the Bradley Foundation, Ed Blum of the Project on Fair Representation, was able to organize the challenges in both the Shelby County v. Holder and Fisher v. University of Texas Supreme Court cases. In the Shelby County case, "the Court effectively struck down the heart of the Voting Rights Act, which had required states with a history of legalized racial discrimination to get pre-approval from the federal government before making changes to either voting laws or procedures".[29] Blum's efforts were less sucessful in the Fisher v. University of Texas case which challenged university affirmative action programs and was deferred to a lower court. The Bradley Foundation used the Donors Trust, a right-wing "dark money ATM"[29], to funnel at least $100,000 to The Project on Fair Representation for legal fees.

The Bradley Foundation has a strong history of attacking voting rights and promoting voter ID laws. In 2012, the Foundation paid for billboard ads stating "Voter fraud is a felony!" placed only in colored neighborhoods. The Bradley Foundation also funded the employment and legal representation of James O'Keefe "whose heavily-edited undercover videos hyped voter fraud allegations and helped take down ACORN, which had helped millions of low-income people register to vote".[29] True the Vote, a vote-monitoring organization accused of voter suppression received $35,000 from the Bradley Foundation in 2011. The Foundation also funds conservative think tank groups Center for Individual Rights, American Civil Rights Institute, and the Center for Equal Opportunity.

Public Endorsements

"The reason that I am so happy that my friend Mike Grebe is here and Mike Joyce and others from The Bradley Foundation is because 'Foundation America' must be a part of the revitalization of our communities as well. And the Bradley Foundation has always been willing to see different solutions. They have been willing to challenge the status quo. They say where we find failure, something else must occur. And the foundation not only has been kind and generous with its donations, the foundation also has been willing to help people think anew, and I appreciate you all coming. I am honored you're here and thanks for your good work." – President George W. Bush, speaking at the Bradley Foundation-supported Holy Redeemer Institutional Church of God in Christ, Milwaukee, July 2002.[30]

Infiltration of Academic Institutions

According to Right Wing Watch:

"Bradley has made right-wing inroads in academia by establishing chairmanship positions, undergraduate and graduate programs, fellowships, and whole departments at many prestigious universities including: Boston College, Boston University, Bowling Green State University, Carnegie Mellon University, Catholic University, Columbia University, Georgetown University, George Mason University, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Kenyon College, Marquette University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michigan State University, New York University, Princeton University, Stanford University, University of California- Berkeley, University of California- Los Angeles, University of California- San Diego, University of Chicago, University of Michigan, University of Notre Dame, University of Pennsylvania, University of Virginia, University of Wisconsin, and Washington University- St. Louis."[12]

Prize Recipients

As described on the Bradley Foundation website, "Bradley Prizes formally recognize individuals of extraordinary talent and dedication who have made contributions of excellence in areas consistent with The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation’s mission. Up to four Prizes of $250,000 each are awarded annually to innovative thinkers and practitioners whose achievements strengthen the legacy of the Bradley brothers and the ideas to which they were committed."[31]

2013

2012

2011

  • Jeb Bush, former governor of Florida; founder, chairman, and president of the Foundation for Excellence in Education.
  • Richard A. Epstein, professor at New York University School of Law, fellow at the Hoover Institution, professor emeritus at The University of Chicago Law School.
  • Harvey C. Mansfield, professor of government at Harvard University, and fellow at the Hoover Institution.
  • Allan H. Meltzer, professor of political economy and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business.

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Board of Directors and Personnel

Board of Directors

  • Michael W. Grebe, President & CEO. Formerly served as controversial Governor Scott Walker's campaign chair and and on his transition team after he was elected in 2010, and was also state GOP chairman in the late 1980s.[33][34]

Program

  • Daniel P. Schmidt, Vice President for Program
  • Dianne J. Sehler, Director of Academic, International, and Cultural Programs
  • Michael E. Hartmann, Director of Research and Evaluation
  • Alicia L. Manning, Director of New Citizenship Programs
  • Janet F. Riordan, Director of Community Programs
  • William J. Bergeron, Librarian
  • Dionne M. King, Program Assistant

External Relations

  • Robert E. Norton II, Vice President for External Relations
  • Karen S. Pacioni, External Relations Assistant
  • Finance and Investment
  • Cynthia K. Friauf, Vice President for Finance
  • R. Michael Lempke, Vice President for Investments
  • Mandy L. Hess, Controller
  • Laura Davis, Accountant

Administration

  • Terri L. Famer, Vice President for Administration
  • Yvonne Engel, Grants Administrator
  • Diane M. Lask, Receptionist/Clerical Assistant
  • Gazelle A. Arga, Office Assistant
  • Dennis H. Grueneberg, Operations[35]


Former staff

Contact Details

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
P.O. Box 510860
Milwaukee, WI 53203-0153
Phone: 414 291-9915
Fax: 414 291-9991
Web: http://www.bradleyfdn.org[36]

Articles and Resources

Related SourceWatch Articles

External Links

  • Bruce Murphy, Neoconservative clout seen in U.S. Iraq policy, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel On-line, April 5, 2003. Article connects link between Bradley-funded think tanks and U.S. pre-emptive policies in the Middle East.
  • Salim Muwakkil, Neocon Convergences, In These Times, June 3, 2003. "Foundation has forged a link between a neo-imperialist foreign policy and a neoracist domestic policy."

References

  1. The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Home, organizational website, accessed June 6, 2013.
  2. Media Transparency, The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc. - Funder profile, archived by the WayBack Machine March 6, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Daniel Bice, Bill Glauber, and Ben Poston, From local roots, Bradley Foundation builds conservative empire, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel November 19, 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 One Wisconsin Now and the Center for Media and Democracy S is for Shill: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Attack on Public Education Organizational Report, November 2013.
  5. Lee Fang, How John Birch Society Extremism Never Dies: The Fortune Behind Scott Walker’s Union-Busting Campaign, ThinkProgress, February 21, 2011.
  6. Barbara Miner, Wisconsin's Progressive Tradition at Stake in the Recall Election, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 14, 2012.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Brendan Fischer, ALEC Exposed in Wisconsin: The Hijacking of a State, ALEC Exposed, May 2012.
  8. Barbara Miner, Wisconsin's Progressive Tradition at Stake in the Recall Election, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 14, 2012.
  9. Brian Fraley, MacIver Institute, The Time is Now to Reform Labor Laws Which Threaten Our State's Future, organizational op-ed, November 24, 2010.
  10. Jason Stein, Patrick Marley, and Erin Richards, Scott Walker Proposes Expanding Voucher School Program, Raising Taxpayer Support, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, February 18, 2013.
  11. Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, 2011 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, 2011.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 People for the American Way, Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Right Wing Watch organizational profile, accessed November 15, 2011.
  13. Rebekah Wilce, A Reporters' Guide to the "State Policy Network" -- the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch.org, April 4, 2013.
  14. Andy Kroll, Exposed: The Dark-Money ATM of the Conservative Movement, Mother Jones, February 5, 2013.
  15. Suzanne Goldenberg, "Secret funding helped build vast network of climate denial thinktanks," The Guardian, February 14, 2013.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Paul Abowd, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, Center for Public Integrity, February 14, 2013.
  17. Donors Trust, GuideStar.org, IRS form 990, 2011.
  18. Center for Media and Democracy, Center for Consumer Freedom, SourceWatch.org, accessed March 2014.
  19. Will Coggin, Don’t fear genetically modified food, Charleston Daily Mail author biography at end of article, March 7, 2014.
  20. Center for Consumer Freedom, 2009 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, November 11, 2010.
  21. Center for Consumer Freedom, 2010 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, November 14, 2011.
  22. Center for Consumer Freedom, 2012 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, November 12, 2013.
  23. Center for Media and Democracy, Contributions of the Bradley Foundation, SourceWatch.org, accessed April 12, 2013.
  24. One Wisconsin Now, P is for Payoff: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Campaign to Privatize Education in Wisconsin, organizational report, April, 2012.
  25. Daniel Bice, Bradley Foundation helped pay for 2010 voter fraud signs, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 31, 2012.
  26. Wajahat Ali, Eli Clifton, Matthew Duss, Lee Fang, Scott Keyes, and Faiz Shakir, Fear Inc.: The Roots of the Islamophobia Network in America, Center for American Progress report, August 2011.
  27. Center for Media and Democracy, Contributions of the Bradley Foundation, SourceWatch.org, accessed April 12, 2013.
  28. Barbara Miner, Wisconsin's Progressive Tradition at Stake in the Recall Election, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 14, 2012.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Brendan Fischer, For Bradley Foundation, Challenging Affirmative Action & Voting Rights Is Part of Long-Term Crusade, PR Watch, June 27, 2013.
  30. People for the American Way, Lynde ad Harry Bradley, Right Wing Watch organizational report, accessed November 30, 2011.
  31. Bradley Foundation, Bradley Prizes, organizational website, accessed April 5, 2013.
  32. Right Wing Watch, Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, organiational website, November 20, 2011.
  33. Bradley FoundationBoard of Directors, organizational website, accessed January 3, 2013.
  34. Jason Stein, Scott Walker names key figures to his transition team: Bradley Foundation's Michael W. Grebe and real estate exec John Hiller get posts, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 5, 2010.
  35. The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation,Staff, Official Website, accessed November 20, 2013.
  36. Bradley Foundation, Contact Us, organizational website, accessed June 10, 2013.