Heritage Foundation

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Founded in 1973, The Heritage Foundation is a right-wing think tank. Its stated mission is to formulate and promote public policies based on the principles of "free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense."[1] It is widely considered one of the world's most influential public policy research institutes. The Foundation wields considerable influence in Washington DC, and enjoyed particular prominence during the Reagan administration. Its initial funding was provided by Joseph Coors, of the Coors beer empire, and Richard Mellon Scaife, heir of the Mellon industrial and banking fortune. Its founders include Paul Weyrich and Mickey Edwards. The Foundation maintains strong ties with the London Institute of Economic Affairs and the Mont Pelerin Society.

Koch Wiki

The Koch brothers -- David and Charles -- are the right-wing billionaire co-owners of Koch Industries. As two of the richest people in the world, they are key funders of the right-wing infrastructure, including the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the State Policy Network (SPN). In SourceWatch, key articles on the Kochs include: Koch Brothers, Koch Industries, Americans for Prosperity, American Encore, and Freedom Partners.

Ties to the Koch Brothers

The Heritage Foundation has received funding from organizations with connections to the Koch brothers. In 2012, the Heritage Foundation received $650,000 from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, which was one of the Koch Family Foundations before it closed in 2013. The Lambe Foundation contributed at least $4.8 million to the Heritage Foundation between 1998 and 2012.

In recent years, the Heritage Foundation has also received funding from Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund, including $53,300 in 2010 and $69,850 in 2012. The Koch brothers have donated millions of dollars to Donors Trust through the Knowledge and Progress Fund, and possibly other vehicles.

Activities

The Heritage Foundation concerns itself with many issues in over 30 subject areas, including both domestic and foreign policy, from health care to arms control.[2] It regularly publishes comprehensive articles, papers, and journals developing and expressing conservative positions in these subject areas. Heritage research staff are organized into three research institutes: The Institute for Economic Freedom and Opportunity, The Institute for Family, Community, and Opportunity, and The Kathryn and Shelby Collum Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy.[2]

The Heritage Foundation launched a news site, "The Daily Signal", on June 3, 2014. According to its website, the site will provide "policy and political news as well as conservative commentary and policy analysis" and aims to be "accurate, fair and trustworthy."[3] The Washington Post reported the site started with an annual budget of $1 million and a staff of 12, most "drawn from news organizations with conservative leanings" including The Washington Times, the National Review, Fox News, and the Washington Examiner.[4]

The informational web site www.policyexperts.org is a "service of The Heritage Foundation," listing many of the world's leading conservative-leaning public policy experts. Additionally, for many years, its scholarly, quarterly publication, Policy Review, was widely viewed as one of the world's leading conservative public policy journals.

News and Controversies

Heritage Action for America Draws Criticism

The political advocacy arm of the Heritage Foundation, Heritage Action for America, was founded in April 2010. In an op-ed, Edwin J. Feulner and Michael A. Needham wrote that Heritage Action was formed "to spend money to push legislation […] without the obstacles faced by a nonprofit like the Heritage Foundation."[5] According to reporting by The New Republic, some former Heritage staffers feel that Heritage Action and its political work have come to drive the Heritage Foundation, rather than being subordinate to it.[6]

Republicans in Congress have also criticized Heritage Action, including Sen. Tom Coburn (R-OK), who according to The Washington Post "has accused the group of “destroying the Republican Party” with its push to strip funding for the Affordable Care Act (ACA). “They’ve become a purely partisan group that never asks anybody’s opinion.”"[7] Rep. Lynn Westmoreland (R-GA) has said, "I think Heritage Action is really hurting the foundation. […] I think they’ve lost credibility with the people that were most supportive of them.”[8]

Heritage Action Pushes for Government Shutdown

On October 1, 2013, the U.S. federal government shut down when Congress failed to pass a budget. A group of Republicans in the Republican-controlled House pressed for a spending bill that would have delayed the implementation of parts of the ACA, while the Democratic-majority Senate refused to pass a bill with those provisions.[9] The New York Times reported that the "the confrontation that precipitated the crisis was the outgrowth of a long-running effort to undo the law, the Affordable Care Act, since its passage in 2010 — waged by a galaxy of conservative groups" including Heritage Action for America.[10]

On October 11, the Wall Street Journal credited Heritage Action's Michael Needham with playing a major role in the shutdown, stating that "Though Texas Sen. Ted Cruz is the public face of the high-risk strategy to "defund" ObamaCare, the masterminds behind it are a new generation of young conservatives, chief among them Mr. Needham."[11] The Journal added that Needham believed the House GOP strategy had not gone badly:

"If conservative groups like Heritage Action hadn't raised the stakes on ObamaCare," he says, "we'd be debating on their side of the football field talking about tax increases, gun control, more spending and amnesty for illegal immigrants."[11]

The political strategy included pressuring Republicans in Congress to support the defunding push through attack ads. According to the New York Times, "Heritage Action ran critical Internet advertisements in the districts of 100 Republican lawmakers who had failed to sign a letter by a North Carolina freshman, Representative Mark Meadows, urging Mr. Boehner to take up the defunding cause."[10]

The shutdown ended early in the morning on October 16, 2013, when a temporary budget resolution passed both houses of Congress, with a majority of House Republicans voting against it. No significant concessions were made to those demanding changes to the ACA. According to CNN, "Republican Sen. Kelly Ayotte of New Hampshire called the House GOP tactic of tying Obamacare to the shutdown legislation "an ill-conceived strategy from the beginning, not a winning strategy.""[12] But in a discussion on Fox News on October 16, Needham seemed to hold to his commitment to repeal the ACA, saying

"The reason the government is shut down is Obamacare is unfair, it's unaffordable, it's unworkable, every single day there's more evidence of that coming out. House Republicans have remained strong in saying we are not going to let this bill go forward."[13]

However, he also conceded that repeal would not be politically possible for years:

"Well, everybody understands that we're not going to be able to repeal this law until 2017. And that we have to win the Senate and win the White House."[14]

Many of those involved in the push to use a government shutdown to defund the ACA/Obamacare had ties to the Koch brothers,[15] including Tea Party Patriots, Freedomworks and former Attorney General Edwin Meese III, who also sits on the board of the Koch-funded Mercatus Center and was formerly on the board of the Heritage Foundation.[10] After Democratic Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid claimed on October 8 that the Kochs were behind the shutdown, Koch Industries sent a letter to Capitol Hill. The letter is focused on the corporation, stating that "Koch has not taken a position on the legislative tactic of tying the continuing resolution [for temporary government funding] to defunding Obamacare nor have we lobbied on legislation provisions defunding Obamacare."[16]

Jim DeMint's Presidency

Former South Carolina Republican Senator Jim DeMint became president of the Heritage Foundation in 2013. Based on an interview with DeMint later that year, NPR reported that his goal in that position "is to make Heritage the most influential public policy organization in the country."[17] The New York Times reported that DeMint's approach "is to spread the ethos of the Heritage Foundation more broadly and among younger recruits. “Conservative ideas are invigorating,” he said. “We had allowed them to become too serious.”"[18]

The Heritage Foundation has become very politically active under DeMint. The New York Times reported in early 2014 that under the presidency of Jim DeMint, "Heritage has shifted. Long known as an incubator for policy ideas and the embodiment of the party establishment, it has become more of a political organization feeding off the rising populism of the Tea Party movement."[18] Founding Heritage trustee Mickey Edwards said, "DeMint has not only politicized Heritage, he’s also trivialized it."[18]

DeMint has played a public role as Heritage President, going on a 9-city "Defund Obamacare" tour in 2013 with Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX). The tour was funded by Heritage Action.[19]

The New Republic has reported that DeMint oversaw a significant reorganization of Heritage. "Under Feulner, the Heritage Foundation ran as a decentralized confederation of so-called research silos—health care, national security, education—whose staffers each focused on a specific area. DeMint instituted a system of multidisciplinary teams that sprung up depending on the issue of the day that Heritage happened to be pushing. Moreover, now a Heritage staffer’s career trajectory was tied to the success or failure of that team."[6]

DeMint has been vocally criticized by founding Heritage trustee Mickey Edwards. According to a 2013 article in The Atlantic, Edwards was "disturbed" by what he saw as Heritage's greater political involvement.[20] The New Republic reported Edwards as saying, "I don’t think any thoughtful person is going to take the Heritage Foundation very seriously, because they’ll say, How is this any different from the Tea Party?"[6] DeMint, though, told The New York Times in 2014 that scholarship remains central to Heritage, saying “The whole conservative movement counts on Heritage for its intellectual integrity.”[18]

Positions and Policies

In its four-decade history, the Heritage Foundation has had significant effect on U.S. domestic and foreign policy. According to The Atlantic, "Heritage has shaped American public policy in major ways, from Reagan’s missile-defense initiative to Clinton’s welfare reform: Both originated as Heritage proposals. So, too, did the idea of a universal health-care system based on a mandate that individuals buy insurance. Though Heritage subsequently abandoned it, the individual mandate famously became the basis of health-care reforms proposed by Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and President Barack Obama."[21]

Inventing, then Opposing, the Individual Healthcare Mandate

The idea of an individual mandate to buy health insurance originated at the Heritage Foundation[22], and was outlined in a 1989 paper by Heritage scholar Stuart Butler.[23] In debates about health care reform in the 1990s, prominent Republicans, including House Minority Leader Newt Gingrich, expressed support for plans based on an individual mandate.[22] However, since the passage of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (also known as Obamacare), according to The New York Times, Heritage "has taken pains to distance itself from its past support of an individual mandate: it wrote a court amicus brief noting its change of heart, and Mr. Butler wrote an op-ed article in USA Today this month headlined “Don’t blame Heritage for ‘ObamaCare’ mandate.”"[24] In 2013, Heritage Action for America sent Heritage Foundation President Jim DeMint and Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) on a "Defund Obamacare Town Hall Tour."[25]

Fighting Immigration Reform

As a response to the earned citizenship provisions of the comprehensive immigration reform bill under debate in the U.S. Senate as of May 2013, Robert Rector, a Heritage research fellow, and Jason Richwine, policy analyst, released a special report on immigration entitled "The Fiscal Cost of Unlawful Immigrants and Amnesty to the U.S. Taxpayer". The co-authors estimated that the cost of offering a pathway to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants (part of a plan by a bipartisan group of senators to overhaul the immigration system), would create a “lifetime fiscal deficit” for the government of $6.3 trillion. This cost estimate was based on several big assumptions (that the majority of immigrants formerly in the country illegally will eventually use government programs for low-income Americans, for example) and was rejected by many conservatives.[26]

The report was highly criticized by both the left and the right, with prominent conservatives speaking out against it.[26] Haley Barbour, a Republican leader and former governor of Mississippi, called the report a "political document" and stated, "This gigantic cost figure that the Heritage Foundation puts out is actually the cost over 50 years. If you put the 50-year cost of anything in front of the public, it is going to be a huge number."[26] Even anti-tax activist Grover Norquist denounced the study, claiming the cost estimate was "wildly overblown."[26] Norquist's Americans for Tax Reform spoke out against the report, aruging that the underlying analysis only focused on costs while ignoring all the benefits of the immigration bill.[27]

The study was further discredited when the Washington Post brought to light that co-author, Jason Richwine, had argued in his Harvard doctoral thesis, "IQ and Immigration Policy," that Hispanic immigrants have lower IQ's than white Americans and that the U.S. would ameliorate problems by only selecting high-IQ immigrants.[28] Amid the controversy, Richwine, resigned from the Heritage Foundation.[29]

Despite criticism, Heritage President Jim DeMint stood by the controversial study saying, "There’s no doubt that these numbers are real.”[30]

Anti-Communism and Heritage in the 1980s

In her book Practical Progressive: How to Build a 21st Century Political Movement, political scientist Erica Payne wrote that the Heritage Foundation was also known for the ideas put forth by its foreign policy analysts in the 1980s and early 1990s to provide military and other support to anti-communist resistance movements around the world. The Foundation pushed for this strategy, known as the Reagan doctrine, in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Nicaragua and other nations around the world.[31]

The Foundation worked closely with leading anti-communist movements, including the Nicaraguan contras and Jonas Savimbi's Unita movement in Angola to bring military, economic and political pressure on Soviet-aligned regimes.[32] Throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Foundation's support for the Nicaraguan contras and Angola's Jonas Savimbi[33] proved extremely influential with the United States government, including the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Council and other governmental agencies.[34] According to Payne, the Heritage Foundation presented its case for armed support for these movements, and United States support soon followed. The Foundation ultimately succeeded in its efforts, with the United States winning both covert and overt "wars of liberation" against Soviet-aligned states around the world.[31] Critics argued that this endeavor led to undue bloodshed in the Third World and damaged American relations with the former Soviet Union.[35]

But Heritage Foundation foreign policy analysts did not just champion the Reagan Doctrine in Washington. Some were key actors in these conflicts, visiting the front lines to provide political and military guidance to Savimbi in Angola and the contra leadership.[31] They also provided bold and inflammatory predictions that these conflicts were tugging on the very soul of global communism and that these Soviet-supported regimes and the Soviet Union itself were on the brink of collapse. This prediction may seem accurate in retrospect, but ignores the many other contributing factors to the collapse of communism.[32] According to Payne, Heritage also "played an instrumental role in advancing and upholding Reagan's controversial description of the former U.S.S.R. as an 'evil empire.'"[31]

Political Connections

Campaign Contributions

  • Thomas A. Saunders, III (Chairman of the Board of Trustees)
    • $26,700 Republican National Committee [36]
    • $4,700 Republican Party of Virginia, Inc[36]
    • $2,400 Bachman for Congress 2010[37]
    • $1,100 Crawford for Congress 2010[37]
    • $1,100 Bucshon for Congress 2010[37]
    • $50,000 Founders Joint Candidate Committee[37]
  • Phillip Truluck (Executive Vice President and Trustee)
    • $500 Bachmann for Congress 2010 [38]
    • $500 McCain-Palin Victory [39]

Funding

The Heritage Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organisation. In its annual report it states that "we rely on the financial contributions of the general public: individuals, foundations and corporations. We accept no government funds and perform no contract work."[40]

The Heritage Foundation has received funding from organizations with connections to the Koch brothers. In 2012, the Heritage Foundation received $650,000 from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, which was one of the Koch Family Foundations before it closed in 2013. The Lambe Foundation contributed at least $4.8 million to the Heritage Foundation between 1998 and 2012.

In recent years, the Heritage Foundation has also received funding from Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund, including $53,300 in 2010 and $69,850 in 2012. The Koch brothers have donated millions of dollars to Donors Trust through the Knowledge and Progress Fund. Between 2001 and 2010, the Foundation received $3.38 million from the conservative Bradley Foundation.[41]

With a "long history of receiving large donations from overseas," Heritage continued to rake in a minimum of several hundred thousand dollars from Taiwan and South Korea each year through the 1990s, according to Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting.[42] In the autumn of 1988, the South Korean National Assembly uncovered a document revealing that Korean intelligence secretly gave $2.2 million to the Heritage Foundation during the early 1980s. In turn, Heritage established an Asian Studies Center.[43][44][45] There was also a connection between Heritage and the Rev. Sun Myung Moon (founder of the "Moonies" as well as of the Washington Times). This first appeared in a 1975 congressional investigation on the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) activities in the US. The report noted, "In 1975, Ed Feulner ... was introduced to KCIA station chief Kim Yung Hwan by Neil Salonen and Dan Feffernan of the Freedom Leadership foundation". Salonen was head of Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church in the United States. The Freedom Leadership Foundation (FLF), a political arm of Moon's Unification network, was linked to the World Anti-Communist League.[43][44]

In Heritage officials "categorically deny" the accusation that the organization received money from Korean intelligence. In 1995, Heritage's annual report did include a $400,000 grant from the Samsung, a Korean company. The Wall Street Journal also reported that between 1993 and 1996, heritage received almost $1 million from the Korea Foundation, which reportedly "serves as a direct conduit of money from the South Korean government."[42]

Core Financials

2012[46]

  • Total Revenue: $86,084,630
  • Total Expenses: $81,748,321
  • Net Assets: $154,277,292

2011[47]

  • Total Revenue: $72,170,983
  • Total Expenses: $80,033,828
  • Net Assets: $142,231,547

2010[48]

  • Total Revenue: $78,253,864
  • Total Expenses: $80,378,250
  • Net Assets: $164,819,678

2009[49]

  • Total Revenue: $69,230,717
  • Total Expenses: $69,042,685
  • Net Assets: $156,194,570

2008[50]

  • Total Revenue: $70,877,006
  • Total Expenses: $64,645,625
  • Net Assets: $133,216,138

2007[51]

  • Total Revenue: $65,765,247
  • Total Expenses: $47,229,280
  • Net Assets: $170,719,110

2006[52]

  • Revenue: over $25 million from individual contributors and $13.1 million from foundations
  • Expenses: $40.5 million

While corporations provided only $1.5 million -- 4% -- of Heritage’s contributions in 2006, they nonetheless have significant interest in the foundation's policy output. These include defense contractors Boeing and Lockheed Martin, finance and insurance companies such as Allstate Insurance, Mortgage Insurance Companies of America, and American International Group (AIG), auto company Honda, tobacco company Altria Group (Philip Morris), drug and medical companies Johnson & Johnson, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, and Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation, oil companies ChevronTexaco and Exxon Mobil, software giant Microsoft, and -- chipping in over $100,000 each -- Alticor (Amway), Pfizer, PhRMA, and United Parcel Service (UPS).[52]

Historical Funding

Between 1985 and 2003, Media Transparency reports that the following contributors provided $57,497,537 (unadjusted for inflation) to the Heritage Foundation:

Right Web says of the Heritage Foundation:

"The foundation received $2. 2 million from the Federation of Korean Industries in the early 1980s. Initially it was believed this donation came from the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (which would make the Heritage Foundation a foreign agent of Korea), but the Federation later stated that the donation came at the encouragement of the KCIA."
"The Heritage Foundation's income has increased every year since 1981. The progression has been: 1981--$7. 1 million; 1982-$8. 6 million; 1983--$10. 6 million; 1984--$10. 7 million; 1985-$11. 6 million; 1986--$14. 0 million; 1987--$14. 3 million; and 1988--$14. 6 million. In 1988, foundations provided 38 percent of Heritage's income, individuals provided 34 percent, and corporations gave 17 percent; the remainder came from investments and sales of materials."[53]

Personnel

As of June 2014:[54]

Board of Trustees

Executive Officers

  • Jim DeMint (former U.S. Sen. from SC), President
  • Phillip N. Truluck, Executive Vice President and Trustee
  • Edwin J. Feulner, Founder, long-time President and Trustee

Trustees


Honorary Trustees

  • David R. Brown, M.D, Honorary Chairman and Trustee Emeritus
  • Kathryn Davis (Partner, Shelby Cullom Davis & Co., LP)
  • The Hon. Frank Shakespeare (former U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican)

Staff

Senior Management

  • David S. Addington, Senior Vice President and Deputy Chief Operating Officer. Former legal counsel and chief of staff to former Vice President Dick Cheney.
  • Stuart M. Butler Distinguished Fellow and Director, Center for Policy Innovation
  • James Jay Carafano, Ph.D. Vice President, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies, and Director, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
  • Ed Corrigan, Group Vice President, Policy Promotion
  • Wesley Denton, Vice President, Communications and Media Relations
  • Becky Norton Dunlop, Vice President, External Relations
  • Edwin J. Feulner, Ph.D. Founder, Chairman of the Asian Studies Center, and Chung Ju-yung Fellow
  • John Fogarty, Group Vice President, Development
  • Mike Gonzalez, Senior Fellow
  • Kim R. Holmes Distinguished Fellow
  • Geoffrey J. Lysaught, Group Vice President, Strategic Communications
  • Derrick Morgan, Vice President for the Institute of Economic Freedom and Opportunity
  • Phillip N. Truluck, Executive Vice President and Trustee
  • John Von Kannon, Vice President and Senior Counselor
  • Genevieve Wood, Senior Contributor, The Daily Signal

Selected Fellows, "Experts," and Other Staff

  • Ryan T. Anderson, William E. Simon Fellow in Religion and a Free Society
  • Robert B. Bluey, Director, Digital Media, and Director, Center for Media and Public Policy
  • Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow in Anglo-American Relations
  • Peter Brookes, Senior Fellow, National Security Affairs
  • Steven P. Bucci, Ph.D., Director, Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies
  • Lindsey Burke, Will Skillman Fellow in Education
  • Stuart M. Butler, Ph.D., Distinguished Fellow and Director, Center for Policy Innovation
  • Elaine Chao, Distinguished Fellow
  • Dean Cheng, Research Fellow, Asian Studies Center
  • Ariel Cohen, Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
  • Helle C. Dale, Senior Fellow for Public Diplomacy
  • Danielle Doane, Director, Government Studies and David L. Coffey Fellow in Government Studies
  • Lee Edwards, Ph.D., Distinguished Fellow in Conservative Thought, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics
  • J.D. Foster, Ph.D., Norman B. Ture Senior Fellow in the Economics of Fiscal Policy
  • James L. Gattuso, Senior Research Fellow in Regulatory Policy
  • Todd F. Gaziano, Director, Center for Legal & Judicial Studies
  • Steven Groves, Bernard and Barbara Lomas Senior Research Fellow
  • Edmund F. Haislmaier, Senior Research Fellow, Health Policy Studies
  • Rea S. Hederman, Jr., Director, Center for Data Analysis and Lazof Family Fellow
  • David C. John, Senior Research Fellow in Retirement Security and Financial Institutions
  • Diane Katz, Research Fellow in Regulatory Policy
  • Christine Kim, Policy Analyst
  • Bruce Klingner, Senior Research Fellow, Northeast Asia
  • Patrick Louis Knudsen, Grover M. Hermann Senior Fellow in Federal Budgetary Affairs
  • David W. Kreutzer, Ph.D., Research Fellow in Energy Economics and Climate Change
  • Walter Lohman, Director, Asian Studies Center
  • Ken McIntyre, Marilyn and Fred Guardabassi Fellow in Media and Public Policy Studies and Special Projects Editor
  • Jennifer A. Marshall, Director, Domestic Policy Studies
  • Ambassador Terry Miller, Director, Center for International Trade and Economics and the Mark A. Kolokotrones Fellow in Economic Freedom
  • Robert E. Moffit, Ph.D., Senior Fellow
  • David B. Muhlhausen, Ph.D., Research Fellow in Empirical Policy Analysis
  • Nina Owcharenko, Director, Center for Health Policy Studies and Preston A. Wells, Jr. Fellow
  • James Phillips, Senior Research Fellow for Middle Eastern Affairs
  • James M. Roberts, Research Fellow For Economic Freedom and Growth
  • Paul Rosenzweig, Visiting Fellow
  • Brett D. Schaefer, Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs Visiting Fellow
  • James Sherk, Senior Policy Analyst in Labor Economics
  • Matthew Spalding, Ph.D. Vice President, American Studies and Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics
  • Jack Spencer, Senior Research Fellow, Nuclear Energy Policy
  • Baker Spring, F.M. Kirby Research Fellow in National Security Policy
  • Charles "Cully" Stimson, Manager, National Security Law Program and Senior Legal Fellow
  • Bridgett Wagner, Director, Coalition Relations

Former Heritage Foundation Personnel

Affiliated organizations

The Heritage Foundations reported five additional related organizations in its tax filings. It listed three disregarded entities: Intern Housing LLC, Massachusetts Avenue Properties LLC, and 3rd Street Properties LLC; and two related tax-exempt organizations: Heritage Action for America, and the Heritage Institute.

Contact Details

Heritage Foundation
214 Massachusetts Ave NE
Washington DC 20002-4999
Phone: 202.546.4400
Fax: 202.546.8328
Email: info AT heritage.org
Web: http://www.heritage.org/

Resources and Articles

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References

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  2. 2.0 2.1 Heritage Foundation, Issues, organizational website, accessed June 10, 2014.
  3. The Daily Signal, About, organizational website, accessed June 16, 2014.
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  5. Edwin J. Feulner and Michael A. Needham, "New Fangs for the Conservative 'Beast'," Wall Street Journal, April 12, 2010. Accessed June 10, 2014.
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