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Anthroposophy, a philosophy founded by Rudolf Steiner . wiki

"The Austrian-born Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) was the head of the German Theosophical Society from 1902 until 1912, at which time he broke away and formed his Anthroposophical Society. He may have abandoned the divine wisdom for human wisdom, but one of his main motives for leaving the theosophists was that they did not treat Jesus or Christianity as special. Steiner had no problem, however, in accepting such Hindu notions as karma and reincarnation. By 1922 Steiner had established what he called the Christian Community, with its own liturgy and rituals for Anthroposophists. Both the Anthroposophical Society and the Christian Community still exist, though they are separate entities." [1]

Biodynamic Farming

Critical Resources

  • Holger Kirchmann, "Biological Dynamic Farming – An Occult Form of Alternative Agriculture?," Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 7 (1994), 173-87.
  • Pernille Kaltoft, "Values about Nature in Organic Farming Practice and Knowledge," Sociologia Ruralis, 39 (1999), 39-53.
  • Lynne Carpenter-Boggs, John Reganold, and Ann Kennedy, "Biodynamic preparations: Short-term effects on crops, soils, and weed populations," American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 15 (2000), 110-18.
  • Thoughtful article from New Zealand on biodynamics:
  • Alex Norman, "Cosmic Flavour, Spiritual Nutrition? The Biodynamic Agricultural Method and the Legacy of Rudolf Steiner’s Anthroposophy in Viticulture" in Carole Cusack and Alex Norman, eds., Handbook of New Religions and Cultural Production (Leiden: Brill, 2012), 213-34
  • Linda Chalker-Scott, "The Science Behind Biodynamic Preparations: A Literature Review" HortTechnology 23 (2013), 814-19


Related Organizations


  • Peter Selg, Rudolf Steiner: 1861 – 1925 (Verlag des Ita Wegman Instituts, 2012). (reviewed by Ramon Brüll; also criticisms from the News Network Anthroposophy "[tt_news=1303&cHash=909b882b2a1a53cd770315829c030e69 The new biography of Steiner: real portrait or hagiography?]")
  • Christoph Lindenberg, Rudolf Steiner: a biography (SteinerBooks, 2012). (Peter Staudenmaier refer to this book as "by far the best of the anthroposophist accounts")

Critical Resources

Anthroposophist elaborations on Conspiracy Theories

  • Rudolf Steiner, Secret Brotherhoods and the Mystery of the Human Double (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 2004).
  • Rudolf Steiner, The Karma of Untruthfulness: Secret Societies, the Media, and Preparations for the Great War (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 2005).
  • Rudolf Steiner, What Is Necessary in These Urgent Times (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 2010).
  • Amnon Reuveni, In the Name of the 'New World Order': Manifestations of Decadent Powers in World Politics (Temple Lodge, 1996).
  • Terry Boardman, Mapping the Millennium, Behind the Plans of the New World Order (Temple Lodge Publishing, 1998).
  • Terry Boardman, "Anthroposophy and the Question of Conspiracy in Modern History", New View, March 2000, 42-45
  • Sevak Gulbekian, "Brothers of the Shadows: A Perspective on Conspiracies," New Dawn, September 2004, 7-13.
  • Thomas Meyer, Reality, Truth and Evil: Facts, Questions and Perspectives on September 11, 2001 (Temple Lodge, 2005).

Resources and articles

Related Sourcewatch


  1. Skeptic Dictionary Rudolf Steiner, organizational web page, accessed June 17, 2012.