Learn more about how the State Policy Network aids ALEC and spins disinformation in the states.
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The Goldwater Institute is a right-wing advocacy group based in Arizona. It is a member of the State Policy Network, a web of state pressure groups that denote themselves as "think tanks" and drive a right-wing agenda in statehouses nationwide. It is also an affiliate of the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity.
A 2013 report published by Arizona Working Families and the Center for Media and Democracy called the Goldwater Institute "a special interest group in Arizona that also influences law outside the Grand Canyon State."
Lobbying and Influence
Pushing ALEC's Agenda in Arizona
According to a 2013 report by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) and Arizona Working Families, "Through ALEC, the Goldwater Institute sits behind closed doors with state legislators where lawmakers and private sector lobbyists and representatives have an equal vote on templates to change the law." Goldwater has urged the adoption of key parts of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) agenda in the areas of education, health care, anti-worker and austerity policies, land use and pollution, and international trade. For more information on specific bills, see Goldwater Institute#Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council below, SPN Ties to ALEC and "A Reporter's Guide to the Goldwater Institute."
Goldwater's Lobbying Operations
The Goldwater Institute advances the ALEC agenda and other legislation through maintaining regular contact with Arizona legislators. Goldwater has two registered lobbyists in Arizona, its Executive Vice President Starlee Rhoades and Communications' Director Lucy Caldwell, as well as the Phoenix-based Gallagher & Kennedy Public Affairs firm, which has held an active lobbyist status to represent Goldwater in Arizona since at least January 2013. Nick Dranias is not registered as a lobbyist to represent Goldwater, but he does advise legislators. While some of these communications would strike a lay person as lobbying, Arizona law has loopholes for providing 'technical' advice about legislation, which is not considered lobbying.
Goldwater "grades" Arizona legislators based on how they voted on certain bills. Included in this list for 2013 were bills that closely resemble ALEC model legislation, such as HB 2494, which is very similar to ALEC’s "Charter Schools Act" and "Next Generation Charter Schools Act." Additionally, Goldwater’s list of "good" bills includes a resolution supporting a balance budget amendment (HCM 2005) and several bills supporting tuition/scholarship tax credits, both of which are part of the ALEC agenda. Other positions Goldwater took in opposition to Arizona families included:
- Opposition to the state providing health insurance to a spouse of a deceased law enforcement officer (HB 2204)
- Opposition to a ban on electric cigarettes for minors (SB 1209). (At least as late as 2012, Goldwater was receiving funding from Altria (formerly Philip Morris global tobacco)).
- Opposition to a bill providing overtime pay for law enforcement officers (HB 2303)
- Opposition to a bill giving tax credits to companies to hire veterans (HB 2484)
- Opposition to a bill requiring CPR to be taught in public schools (SB 1337)
Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
The Goldwater Institute is a prominent and active member of ALEC, especially in the areas detailed below.
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.
Worker and Consumer Rights
Byron Schlomach represents Goldwater on the Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force. He introduced the "Prohibition on Paid Union Activity (Release Time) by Public Employees Act" and the "Public Employee Paycheck Protection Act" at ALEC's 2012 Spring Task Force Summit in Charlotte. Together with Dranias, Scholmach sponsored the “Insurance Compact Enabling Act” at the task force meeting during the 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit.
Privatizing Schools and Undermining Public Schools and Teachers
Jonathan Butcher, the Goldwater Institute's Education Director, represents the organization as the private sector co-chair of ALEC's Education Task Force as of September 2013. Butcher sponsored "model" legislation (the "District and School Freedom Act") at the 2012 ALEC Spring Task Force Summit. The model bill was adopted and sent to the board for approval. Butcher also sponsored the "Resolution Opposing the Implementation of the Common Core State Standards Initiative" during the K–12 Education Reform Subcommittee Meeting of the task force during ALEC's 38th annual meeting.
In 2010, Matt Ladner represented Goldwater on the Education Task Force. He sponsored the "A-Plus Literacy Act" during the education meeting of the 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit. The bill was passed by the public and private sectors unanimously.
Federal Power and State Relations
Nick Dranias, the Goldwater Institute's Clarence J. and Katherine P. Duncan Chair for Constitutional Government and Director of the Joseph and Dorothy Donnelly Moller Center for Constitutional Government, partook in the International Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting (which includes the Federal Relations Working Group), discussing "his three step plan to restore state sovereignty." This consisted of three pieces of model legislation, which he introduced: the "Constitutional Defense Council Legislation," the "Model State Sovereignty Civil Rights Law" and the "Sovereign State Interstate Compact."
Health, Pharmaceuticals, and Safety Net Programs
Dranias has also been active in ALEC's Health and Human Services Task Force. He sponsored a piece model legislation at ALEC's 2011 Spring Task Force Summit called the "Health Freedom Compact Act," whose purpose is to create a type of "treaty" among states to make a "legal argument that it is a federal crime for anyone, including federal officials, to interfere with a state’s health care freedom laws, such as a law modeled on ALEC’s Health Care Freedom Act." He presented to the task force at the ALEC 2011 Annual Meeting as well. Another Goldwater staff member, Dr. Byron Schlomach, Director of Goldwater's Center for Economic Prosperity, has also been active in the Health task force. In 2010, Dr. Schlomach gave a presentation entitled "The Evolution of Third-Party Payment in Health Care" at the 37th Annual Meeting. Dr. Schlomach also sponsored the "Insurance Compact Enabling Act" at ALEC’s 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit. This bill was referred both to the Health and Human Services Task Force and the Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force, of which Schlomach is also a member.
Prior to coming to the Goldwater Institute, Dranias worked as an attorney for the Institute for Justice. ALEC, the Goldwater Institute, and the Institute for Justice are all members of the State Policy Network (SPN).
Taxes and Budgets
The Goldwater Institute is also a member of ALEC's Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force. Steve Silvinksi, Senior Economist, introduced model legislation, the "Subsidy Truce Compact," at the Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force Meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting. Byron Schlomach previously represented Goldwater on this task force. At the 2010 annual meeting, Sclomach sponsored two pieces of model legislation, "The Balanced Budget Certification Act" and "The Spending Evaluation Act." At the 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit, Schlomach presented on "A Constitutional Amendment Requiring State Approval for Increases in Federal Debt."
Environment and Energy
Nick Dranias has also represented the Goldwater Institute as a member of ALEC's Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force. He sponsored two pieces of model legislation at the 2010 annual meeting: "Decentralized Land Use Regulation for Rural Counties" and the "State Sovereignty through Local Coordination Act."
Please see SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
The Goldwater Institute has hosted writers from the ALEC-connected Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, which screens potential reporters on their “free market” views as part of the job application process. The Franklin Center funds reporters in over 40 states. Despite their non-partisan description, many of the websites funded by the Franklin Center have received criticism for their conservative bias. On its website, the Franklin Center claims it "provides 10 percent of all daily reporting from state capitals nationwide."
Franklin Center Funding
Franklin Center Director of Communications Michael Moroney told the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) in 2013 that the source of the Franklin Center's funding "is 100 percent anonymous." But 95 percent of its 2011 funding came from DonorsTrust, a spin-off of the Philanthropy Roundtable that functions as a large "donor-advised fund," cloaking the identity of donors to right-wing causes across the country (CPI did a review of Franklin's Internal Revenue Service records). Mother Jones called DonorsTrust "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement" in a February 2013 article. Franklin received DonorTrust's second-largest donation in 2011.
The Franklin Center was launched by the Chicago-based Sam Adams Alliance (SAM), a 501(c)(3) devoted to pushing free-market ideals. SAM gets funding from the State Policy Network, which is partially funded by The Claude R. Lambe Foundation. Charles Koch, one of the billionaire brothers who co-own Koch Industries, sits on the board of this foundation. SAM also receives funding from the Rodney Fund.
Areas of Work
In 2007, the organization divided its work (research and reports) into the following areas:
- Center For Constitutional Government
- Arizona Supreme Court
- Campaign Finance
- Private Property
- U.S. Supreme Court
- Center for Economic Prosperity
- Economic Growth
- Spending & Budgeting
- Tax Policy
- Center for Educational Opportunity
- AIMS (Arizona Instrument to Measure Standards), Curriculum, Testing
- Charter Schools
- Early Education, Pre-School, Kindergarten
- English Language Learning, Special Education
- Higher Education
- School Choice
- School Finance
- Tuition Tax Credits
From 2008 to 2011, the Koch-connected Donors Capital Fund gave $1,669,462 to the Goldwater Institute, a substantial portion of revenue. In 2010, it gave $562,000 to the Goldwater Institute, which constituted more than 17 percent of revenues that year. In 2009, the Donors Capital Fund gift of $665,462 constituted 26 percent of the Institute’s revenues. In 2008, it donated $360,000, or 12 percent of the Goldwater Institute’s revenues that year.
According to the former director of the IRS Exempt Organizations Division Marcus Owens, such funds act as a pass-through: “it obscures the source of the money.”
The Goldwater Institute has many other big donors from outside of Arizona, including:
- Challenge Foundation
- Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation
- Chase Foundation of Virginia
- Earhart Foundation
- JM Foundation
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
- Jaquelin Hume Foundation
- John M. Olin Foundation
- Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
- Rodney Fund
- Roe Foundation
- State Policy Network
- Walton Family Foundation
- William H. Donner Foundation
- Jeanne Archer
- Chase Foundation of Virginia
- Gleason Foundation
- Home Builders Association of Central Arizona
- Matrixx Initiatives, Inc.
- Pierce Farms, Inc., Las Vegas Ranch
- Platt Photography
- Southwest Gas
Despite attacking Arizona employees, claiming state workers are paid too much, the Goldwater Institute pays its top employees sizable salaries. From 2007 to 2012, Goldwater's employee compensation increased by ten times more than its revenues did, despite budget losses. The tax-exempt organization has given its top two executives raises in compensation of 185 percent since 2007, but the charity’s revenue did not increase by anywhere near that percentage in the same period, growing by only 18 percent in those five years.
The compensation of Goldwater's executive director, Darcy Olsen, jumped from $180,000 in 2007 to $268,182 for 2011 (the most recent year in which Goldwater’s tax forms are available), while compensation of the Goldwater Institute’s director of litigation, Clint Bolick, jumped even higher in this five-year period, from $126,875 to $300,624. At the same time, the real median wages of Arizona households dropped from $54,116 to $46,709.
The Goldwater Institutes's compensation to top employees also includes large bonuses. In 2011, Olsen received $20,000 and Bolick received a bonus of $35,000. Goldwater gave its Director of Policy Development, Nick Dranias a $50,000 bonus in 2011, bringing his total compensation for that year to $176,228, more than three times the earnings of the average Arizona household.
- Total Revenue: $4,190,522
- Total Expenses: $3,764,908
- Net Assets: $4,795,651
- Total Revenue: $3,299,424.00
- Total Expenses: $3,506,634.00
- Net Assets: $4,380,969.00
- Total Revenue: $2,540,977.00
- Total Expenses: $2,681,328.00
- Net Assets: $4,557,541.00
According to a previous version of its website, the Goldwater Institute "was established in 1988 as an independent, nonpartisan research and educational organization dedicated to the study of public policy in Arizona. Through research papers, commentaries, policy briefings and events, Goldwater scholars advance public policies based on the principles championed by the late Senator Barry Goldwater during his years of public service -- limited government, economic freedom and individual responsibility. Consistent with a belief in limited government, the Goldwater Institute neither seeks nor accepts government funds and relies on voluntary contributions to fund its work."
- "The Goldwater Institute is heir to the legacy of the late Barry Goldwater. Transcending party lines, the term 'Goldwater Conservative' came to be synonymous with the principles that made the United States a beacon of liberty -- individual rights, economic freedom, and a government of strictly limited powers.
- "The Goldwater Institute board and staff share a belief in those principles, and work to develop solutions to public policy problems in accordance with them. Some call this philosophy conservative for its commitment to rule of law; others call it libertarian for its commitment to free markets and limited government; and, still others call it liberal for its commitment to individual rights. We believe our philosophy, regardless of the names by which it is known, builds a firm foundation for the free society to which we are dedicated."
Despite its affirmations of advancing Senator Goldwater's values of limited government, economic freedom, and individual responsibility, according to a 2013 report about the Institute, the late Senator himself disliked parts of what the Institute had grown to represent. Specifically, Senator Goldwater didn’t like seeing his namesake institute turn into a special-interest, big-business lobbying group. Unfortunately, he died of a stroke before he could implement a system of “checks and balances” within the institute to protect his name.
As of May 2013:
- Darcy Olsen, President and CEO
- Clint Bolick, Vice President for Litigation
- Andrea Woodmansee, Senior Editor
- Barbara Small, Executive Assistant
- Byron Schlomach, Director, Center for Economic Prosperity
- Cheryl McCarty, Office Manager
- Christina Corieri, Health Care Policy Analyst
- Christina Sandefur, Staff Attorney
- Jonathan Butcher, Education Director
- Joshua Turner, Litigation Manager
- Kurt Altman, Senior Attorney
- Le Templar, Director of Foundation Relations
- Lucy Caldwell, Communications Director
- Michael Pfeifer, Production Manager
- Nick Dranias, Director of Policy Development & Constitutional Government
- Roger Zetah, Chief Financial Officer
- Starlee Rhoades, Executive Vice President
- Stephen Slivinski, Senior Economist
- Taylor Earl, Staff Attorney
- Travis Junion, Major Gifts Officer
Former staff include:
- Jennifer Alvarez, Paralegal
- Robert Kramer, Communications Associate
- Christian Palmer, Investigative Reporte
- Alan Charles Kors, Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania
- Benjamin Barr, Constitutional Policy Analyst
- Bradley Smith, Professor of Law, Capital University
- Carrie Lukas, Director of Policy, Independent Women's Forum
- Dan Lips, Policy Advisor & Investigator, U.S. Senate Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs Committee
- David Schmidtz, Professor of Philosophy & Economics, University of Arizona
- Fred E. Foldvary, Professor of Economics, Santa Clara University
- Fred Kelly Grant, Constitutional Law Expert
- George Reisman, Professor Emeritus of Economics, Pepperdine University
- Gordon Tullock, Professor of Law & Economics, George Mason University
- Ilya Somin, Associate Professor of Law, George Mason University
- James D. Gwartney, Economics Chair & Center Director, Florida State University
- Jay P. Greene, Endowed Chair & Head of the Department of Education Reform, University of Arkansas
- Jeffrey Parker, Professor of Law, George Mason University
- John Shadegg, Former U.S. Representative, Arizona's 3rd Congressional District
- Lee Ann Elliott, Former Commissioner, Federal Election Commission
- Matthew Ladner, Director of Policy & Research, Foundation for Excellence in Education
- Michael J. New, Assistant Professor, University of Alabama
- Patrick Chovanec, Associate Professor of Economics, Tsinghua University (Beijing)
- Randy Barnett, Professor of Law, Boston University
- Robert Balling, Professor of Geography, Arizona State University
- Robert G. Natelson, Retired Professor of Law, University of Montana
- Stephen Moore, Editorial Page Writer, Wall Street Journal
- Steve Pejovich, Professor Emeritus, Texas A&M University
- Steven M. Greenhut, Investigative Journalism Director, Pacific Research Institute
- Todd Zywicki, Professor of Law, George Mason University
- Vernon L. Smith, Nobel Prize winner in Economics, 2002
- Veronique de Rugy, Senior Research Fellow, Mercatus Center
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Articles and Resources
Related SourceWatch Articles
- State Policy Network:
- American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
- Donors Capital Fund
- Koch Family Foundations
- Koch Industries
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Heritage Foundation
- Think tanks
- Whitney Ball
- Adam Meyerson
- Bridgett Wagner
Related PRWatch Articles
- Center for Media and Democracy, Reports Expose Extreme Pressure Groups Masquerading as Think Tanks, press release, November 13, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, A Reporters’ Guide to the "State Policy Network": the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch.org, April 4, 2013.
- Sara Jerving, ALEC and Heartland Aim to Crush Renewable Energy Standards in the States, PRWatch.org, November 27, 2012.
- Connor Gibson, Meet the Network Hiding the Koch Money: "Donors Trust" and "Donors Capital Fund", PRWatch.org, October 29, 2012.
- Brendan Fischer, Koch-Funded Mackinac Center Brings Wisconsin Act 10 Provisions to ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 2, 2012.
- Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 31, 2011.
- Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, Arizona bill targets public employee unions, The Arizona Republic, April 12, 2013.
- Mary Jo Pitzl, Bill eyes definition of who is lobbyist, The Arizona Republic, January 29, 2012.
- Center for Media and Democracy, EXPOSED: The State Policy Network, The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Arizona Working Families and CMD, A Reporter’s Guide to the Goldwater Institute: What Citizens, Policymakers, and Reporters Should Know, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Progress Florida and CMD, Lawmaking Under the Influence of Very Special Interests: Understand the role of Florida ‘think tanks’ in driving a Koch-fueled, ALEC-allied corporate agenda, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Maine's Majority Education Fund, Fooling Maine: How national conservative groups infiltrated Maine politics by founding and funding the Maine Heritage Policy Center, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Michigan, Who's Running Michigan? The Far-Right Influence of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Alliance for a Better Minnesota, Who's in Charge: How Nationalized Corporate-Run Think Tanks Influence Minnesota Politics, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Missouri, What Missourians Need to Know About the Show-Me Institute, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Granite State Progress, Bad Bartlett: The Josiah Bartlett Center and NH Watchdog Answer the Call of the Koch Brothers, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- ProgressOhio, Smoke Screen: The Buckeye Institute, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Keystone Progress, Think tanks or corporate lobbyist propaganda mills?, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Texas, TPPF + ALEC, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- One Wisconsin Now, S is for Shill: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Attack on Public Education, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, Consider the Source, February 14, 2013.
- John R. Mashey, Fake science, fakexperts, funny finances, free of tax 2, DeSmog Blog report, updated October 23, 2012, p. 74.
- Andy Kroll, The Right-Wing Network Behind the War on Unions, Mother Jones, April 25, 2011.
- Guidestar, State Policy Network, IRS filings and other organizational information about SPN.
- Center for Policy Alternatives, ALEC and the Extreme Right-Wing Agenda, organizational brochure about ALEC and SPN.
- John J. Miller, Fifty Flowers Bloom: Conservative think tanks — mini–Heritage Foundations — at the state level, National Review, November 19, 2007.
- Bridge Project, State Policy Network, online resource listing grants to SPN and SPN's connections to other groups.
- People for the American Way, State Policy Network, RightWingWatch.org, organizational resource.
- Greenpeace, Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group: State Policy Network (SPN), organizational resource.
- ↑ "Franklin Affiliates in Your State", organizational website, accessed October 2012
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Center for Media and Democracy and Arizona Working Families, A Reporter's Guide to the Goldwater Institute, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force 2012 Spring Task Force Summit Tentative Agenda, organizational document, May 11, 2012, document obtained and released by Common Cause.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Commerce, Insurance & Economic Development Task Force meeting agenda and materials, December 3, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force, organizational website, accessed September 2013.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force Meeting, Spring Task Force Summit, The Westin Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, May 11, 2012, organizational meeting agenda, May 11, 2012, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, 38th Annual Meeting, agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force meeting agenda and materials, December 3, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, organizational documents,on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting and Federal Relations Working Group, meeting agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, March 31, 2011, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, August 7, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, December 2, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, December 2, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, 2011 Conference Task Force Meetings, conference brochure on file with CMD, August 11, 2011.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, Nick Dranias, organizational biography, accessed August 12, 2011.
- ↑ State Policy Network, Directory, organizational website, accessed August 12, 2011.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, "Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force, meeting agenda and materials, August 7, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force, meeting agenda and materials, December 2, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force meeting agenda and materials, August 7, 2010, on file with CMD.
- ↑ Franklin Center, Franklin Affiliates in Your State, organizational website, accessed October 2012.
- ↑ The Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, Think tank Journalism: The Future of Investigative Journalism, organizational website, accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Rebekah Metzler, "Watchdog" website puts a new spin on politics, The Portland Press Herald, October 2, 2010.
- ↑ Allison Kilkenny, The Koch Spider Web, Truthout, accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 27, 2011.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, organizational report, February 14, 2013.
- ↑ Andy Kroll, Exposed: The Dark-Money ATM of the Conservative Movement, Mother Jones, February 5, 2013.
- ↑ Daniel Bice, Franklin Center boss wants apology from Democratic staffer, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 8, 2011.
- ↑ The Bradley Foundation. The Bradley Foundation. Organizational website. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Sam Adams Alliance. Sam Adams Alliance Media Kit. Organizational PDF. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. Sam Adams Alliance. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. State Policy Network. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, Research, organizational website, accessed July 2007.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, Annual Report 2006, accessed July 2007, p. 24.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, 2011 IRS Form 990, organizational annual financial filing, October 8, 2012.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, IRS form 990, 2010. GuideStar.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, IRS form 990, 2009. GuideStar.
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, "Goldwater Staff", organizational website, accessed May 2013
- ↑ Goldwater Institute, [http://www.goldwaterinstitute.org/people "Goldwater Staff"