SPN Funding

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Learn more about how the State Policy Network aids ALEC and spins disinformation in the states.

Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.

SPN Funding is a breakout article from the main article on the State Policy Network (SPN). Please see the State Policy Network for more.

While it has become an $83 million dollar right-wing empire, SPN and most of its affiliates do not post their major donors on their websites. But public documents discovered by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) reveal that SPN is largely funded by global corporations -- such as Reynolds American, Altria, Microsoft, AT&T, Verizon, GlaxoSmithKline, Kraft Foods, Express Scripts, Comcast, Time Warner, and the Koch- and Tea Party-connected DCI Group lobbying and PR firm -- that stand to benefit from SPN's agenda, as well as out-of-state special interests like the billionaire Koch brothers, the Waltons, the Bradley Foundation, the Roe Foundation of SPN's founder, and the Coors family -- who are underwriting an extreme legislative agenda that undermines the rights of Americans. Corporations like Facebook and the for-profit online education company K12 Inc., as well as the e-cigarette company NJOY (a new member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)), also fund SPN, as demonstrated by its most recent annual meeting.

A set of coordinated fundraising proposals obtained and released by The Guardian in early December 2013 confirm many of these SPN members' intent to change state laws and policies, referring to "advancing model legislation" and "candidate briefings." These activities "arguably cross the line into lobbying," The Guardian notes.[1] The funding proposals are from 40 SPN members to the Searle Freedom Trust, a private foundation that funds right-wing groups such as Americans for Prosperity, ALEC, Americans for Tax Reform, and more. It is the family foundation funded by the "NutraSweet" fortune of G.D. Searle & Company, which was purchased by Monsanto in 1985 and which is now part of Pfizer. The documents were submitted to Stephen Moore, Wall Street Journal editorial board member, founder of the Club for Growth, and ALEC "scholar," who was asked to review the proposals and "identify your top 20 and bottom 20 proposals."

Below is analysis of how SPN and its member think tanks are funded:

Funding

The revenue of SPN itself (separate from its member groups) increased by over 20 times from 2001 to 2012 (from $391,496 in 2001 to $8,050,050 in 2012).[2][3]

While, in 2007, the approximately $40 million in combined revenues of the 52 member think tanks in 45 states that were then members was less than the Heritage Foundation's budget that year of $50 million, SPN president Tracie Sharp announced in late 2007 a plan to expand think-tank revenues by $50 million by 2012.[4] In 2010, combined revenues of SPN itself and its (then) 59 member state think tanks was $76.1 million, according to a review of the groups' IRS forms 990 by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD). See 2010 below for more.

SPN has grown into a multi-million dollar “think tank” empire, as SPN and its member think tanks cumulatively reported over $83.2 million in revenue and $78.9 million in expenses in 2011. SPN itself saw an increase in revenue of more than $3 million from 2011 to 2012 (see below). Where is all that money coming from?

A public document listing SPN's 2010 funders includes the following top and key funders (bolded funders have also funded ALEC):[5]





Although there is no direct funding from Koch Industries or any of the Koch family foundations in that 2010 document, both Donors funds are connected to the Kochs and operate to conceal the identity of the donor.

In addition, the following corporations, front groups, and various non-profit organizations sponsored SPN’s most recent annual meeting in Oklahoma City on September 24 - 27, 2013, for undisclosed amounts (bolded funders have also funded ALEC):[6]

The State Policy Network has also received funding from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation (a Koch Family Foundation),[7] the Olin Foundation, the Richard and Helen DeVos Foundation, the Bradley Foundation, the Castle Rock Foundation (Coors affiliated),[8] the Adolph Coors Foundation, the McCamish Foundation, the JM Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the Roe Foundation, among others.[9]

SPN's Cozy Relationship with Big Tobacco

SPN has close ties with the tobacco industry. SPN, its member think tanks, and SPN related-entities such as ALEC, the Heritage Foundation, and the Cato Institute, have received significant funding from the tobacco industry that has continued through at least 2012, according to industry documents.[10] The Nation journalist Lee Fang previously reported that SPN relied on funding from the tobacco industry throughout the 1990s, and in return assisted the tobacco industry "in packaging its resistance to tobacco taxes and health regulations as part of a ‘freedom agenda’ for conservatives."[11]

During SPN President Tracie Sharp’s tenure at the Cascade Policy Institute, Philip Morris state lobbyists worked hand-in-hand with CPI to oppose tobacco taxes.[11]

In 2001, Philip Morris Director of External Affairs Joshua Slavitt told an SPN conference that the best way to "positively impact your relationship with prospectively and current corporate contributors" was to "understand their priorities" and to make "contribution requests to suit the needs of your supporters."[12]

It appears that SPN and its member think tanks were listening, as cash from Big Tobacco to SPN continues to flow. In 2012, Altria (formerly Philip Morris) listed SPN and 21 member think tanks as recipients of corporate “charitable” contributions (which it calls “business directed giving”), although the corporation does not disclose the amount of the contributions.[10] The Center for Media and Democracy has discovered that Altria/Philip Morris and Reynolds American contributed a total of $105,000 to SPN alone in 2010.[5] Industry documents made publicly available by the 1998 Master Tobacco Agreement between the Attorney Generals of 46 states and the nation's five major tobacco companies and two tobacco industry associations show that SPN think tanks have been recipients of funding from Big Tobacco dating back to the early 1990s.[13]

In turn, many SPN think tanks often advocate against raising tobacco and excise taxes and work to defeat smoking bans. In Ohio, for example, the Buckeye Institute (which has received at least $60,000 in direct funding from the tobacco industry over the years, including funding from Altria as recently as 2012)[14] has published numerous reports and articles against tobacco taxes,[15] and the 1851 Center for Constitutional Law, formerly an offshoot litigation center of the Buckeye Institute,[16] has led legal efforts against Ohio's public smoking ban.[17]

SPN Funders: Koch, Bradley, Roe, Coors, Etc.

SPN has received funding from one of the Koch brothers' Koch Family Foundations, the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, in 2002,[18] 2003,[19] 2005,[20] and 2006.[21]

In 2010, foundation funders of SPN itself included, but were not limited to, the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation,[22] the Jaquelin Hume Foundation,[23] the Chicago Community Foundation,[24] DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund (large donor-directed funds with right-wing ideology; see below for more),[25] the Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program (a donor-directed fund like DonorsTrust, although smaller; see below for more),[26] the Gleason Family Foundation,[27] the Searle Freedom Trust,[28] the Armstrong Foundation,[29] the JM Foundation,[30] the Roe Foundation,[31] the Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation INC,[32] the John William Pope Foundation,[33] the Lowndes Foundation,[34] the GFC Foundation,[35] the Chase Foundation of Virginia,[36] the Rothschild Art Foundation,[37] the Jewish Communal Fund (a donor-advised fund),[38] the Silverwing Foundation,[39] the A.P. Kirby, Jr. Foundation,[40] the Anna Paulina Foundation,[41] and the JP Humphreys Foundation Inc.,[42] according to analysis of IRS forms 990 and foundation donation information by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD).

At the time of SPN's first annual meeting in August 1992, it was funded by the Adolph Coors Foundation, the McCamish Foundation of Atlanta, Georgia, the JM and Smith Richardson foundations in New York City, and the Roe Foundation of Greenville, South Carolina.[9]

Koch Money

SPN think tanks do not as a general rule publicly disclose their donors. But CMD has discovered that David Koch gave $125,000 directly to the Massachusetts-based SPN member think tank Pioneer Institute for Public Policy Research in 2007, making him the largest donor that year. A list of 2007 funders that was disclosed to the IRS was inadvertently made public. That list of funders -- featuring Pennsylvania-based Sovereign Bank, oil and gas magnate Lovett C. Peters, banker William Edgerly, retired Blue Seal Feeds CEO Dean Webster (former director of the right-wing think tank Capital Research Center), Mitt Romney's lieutenant governor Kerry Healey, and textile heir Roger Milliken in addition to David Koch -- provides an important case study in how SPN's member think tanks are funded, and by whom.[43]

Similarly, in 2012, a list of 2010 funders of an SPN member think tank in Texas, the Texas Public Policy Foundation (TPPF), that was disclosed to the IRS was inadvertently made public. It reveals that Koch Industries gave $159,834 directly to TPPF, in addition to $69,788.61 from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation, which is a Koch family foundation.

If David Koch gave this much money to one state think tank in 2007, and the Kochs’ corporation gave another chunk of money to another state think tank in 2010, it begs the question of what other non-profit organizations the Koch brothers and their corporation fund directly in any given year.[44]

Mystery Funds

In the same accidentally disclosed 2010 list of TPPF funders, it is revealed that SPN itself gave TPPF $49,306.90 in 2010 (SPN's own tax filings claim that it only gave TPPF $19,500 in 2010),[45] but what's more, Tracie Sharp, SPN's executive director, was the contact person for an additional $495,000. These two grants, for $300,000 and $195,000, were listed as being received from the "State Think Tank Fund" and the "Government Transparency Fund," respectively -- two funds about which virtually nothing is known.[44]

SPN’s leader apparently has at her disposal two funds of such significant value that she can readily use them to dispense nearly one-half of a million dollars to one think tank in Texas in one single year. It is not known how much Sharp dispensed, if anything, to other SPN think tanks that year or over many years. It is not known who or what is the source of such money that she controls but that is apparently not controlled by SPN itself. And it is not known what these untold sums have purchased or been used to accomplish.

Funding from Secret Donors

Cash Flow to SPN from DT and DCF.png

SPN received $10 million between 2007 and 2012 from two closely related funds -- Donors Trust (DT) and Donors Capital Fund (DCF) -- that are spin-offs of the Philanthropy Roundtable run by SPN board member Whitney L. Ball.[46] They are what are called "donor-advised funds," which means that the fund creates separate accounts for individual donors, and the donors then recommend disbursements from the accounts to different non-profits. It cloaks the identity of the original mystery donors because the funds are then distributed in the name of DT or DCF. What's more, the two funds exist for "donors dedicated to the ideals of limited government, personal responsibility, and free enterprise[,] . . . always with the goal of advancing the philosophy they share with their donors." For example, a relatively unknown Koch family foundation called the Knowledge and Progress Fund gave $4.5 million to Donors Trust between 2007 and 2010, but what organizations received that funding from Donors is unknown.[47] In addition, this cloaked money has gone to at least 51 of SPN's member think tanks between 2007 and 2011, according to the Center for Public Integrity. That includes "[t]en state-level think tanks[, which] got a total of $200,000 from Donors Trust to attend ALEC meetings in 2011[,] including the Michigan-based Mackinac Center and the Arizona-based Goldwater Institute, which introduced a raft of anti-union model bills at ALEC's spring 2012 conference."[46]

A review of funding from the Donors groups to SPN and its member think tanks reveals that the two Donors groups funneled nearly $50 million to SPN and 55 member think tanks in just the four years between 2008 and 2011.[48]

This money was specifically itemized by Donors to be used for participation in ALEC, so-called journalism programs and statehouse reporting operations, transparency projects, direct mail efforts, litigation centers, or reports against Affordable Care Act and environmental protections.[49]

According to DCF's 2011 IRS disclosure, it funded Michigan's Mackinac Center, North Carolina's John Locke Foundation, the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Pennsylvania's Commonwealth Foundation, and six other member think tanks "for participation at American Legislative Exchange Council meeting," providing a total of $200,000 to the groups for that purpose.[50] From 2008 to 2012, DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund have funded at least 51 SPN member groups in almost every state, including giving start-up funds for new franchises in Arkansas, Rhode Island, and Florida, according to the Center for Public Integrity, a nonprofit investigative news organization.[51]

Between 2002 and 2010, according to DeSmog Blog, DT and DCF gave the following amounts to SPN member state think tanks:[52]

and to SPN associate members:[52]

Funders of SPN's individual member think tanks may be found in the articles on each think tank, linked from the article on SPN Members. Please see SPN Members for more.

Not only do the Donors groups themselves fund SPN and its members, but through a network of shared board and staff members, there is a larger group of Donors-related foundations funding SPN. Searle Freedom Trust, for example, whose president and CEO Kimberly Dennis is the chairman of the board of DonorsTrust and the secretary of the board of Donors Capital Fund, gave $2,155,000 to SPN itself from 2004 to 2011, $1.31 million to California’s Pacific Research Institute from 2003 to 2011, $295,000 to the Texas Public Policy Foundation from 2007 to 2011, $275,000 to Arizona’s Goldwater Institute from 2007-2011, $121,500 to Ohio’s Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions in 2009, and $30,000 to Oregon’s Cascade Policy Institute in 2004 (it also gave DonorsTrust $2.3 million from 2001 to 2011 and $150,000 to Donors Capital Fund in 2001).[53] The William E. Simon Foundation, whose president James Piereson is DonorsTrust’s vice chairman, gave $759,250 to California’s Pacific Research Institute from 2002 to 2011 and $2,500 to Arizona’s Goldwater Institute in 2007 (it also gave DonorsTrust $895,000 from 2003 to 2011).[54]

Revenue and Expenses

2012

Below is information from SPN's 2012 IRS Form 990:[55]

Revenue: $8,050,050

Expenses: $8,471,560

Net Assets: $3,214,795

2011

Below is information from SPN's 2011 IRS Form 990:[56]

Revenue: $5,160,138

Expenses: $5,031,961

Net Assets: $3,641,643

However, combined incomplete revenues of SPN itself along with its (then) 59 member state think tanks was $83.2 million, according to a review of the groups' IRS forms 990 by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) in November 2013. See the chart below for more. When combined with the revenue of Heartland Institute, an SPN associate member that also focuses largely on state issues, the combined revenue in 2011 was $87.8 million.

State Think Tank 2011 Total Revenue 2011 Total Expenses 2011 Net Assets
NATIONAL State Policy Network $5,160,138 $5,031,961 $3,641,643
Alabama Alabama Policy Institute $1,148,661 $1,219,046 $506,497
Alaska Alaska Policy Forum $57,664 $102,715 $120,042
Arizona Goldwater Institute $4,190,522 $3,764,908 $4,795,651
Arkansas Advance Arkansas Institute $195,410 $117,685 $77,725
Arkansas Arkansas Policy Foundation $125,157 $123,862 $2,487
California Pacific Research Institute $4,706,288 $4,904,662 $3,450,596
Colorado Independence Institute $1,718,687 $1,845,951 $4,702,527
Connecticut Yankee Institute for Public Policy $495,526 $545,081 $173,980
Delaware Caesar Rodney Institute $145,592 $228,098 $17,054
Florida Foundation for Government Accountability $212,194 $151,739 $60,455
Florida James Madison Institute $1,966,419 $1,297,246 $1,758,565
Georgia Georgia Public Policy Foundation $660,671 $571,124 $138,779
Hawaii Grassroot Institute of Hawaii $189,566 $394,440 $30,766
Idaho Idaho Freedom Foundation $355,673 $350,348 $294,580
Illinois Illinois Policy Institute $2,875,519 $2,643,618 $408,532
Indiana Indiana Policy Review Foundation $136,520 $134,446 $9,663
Iowa Public Interest Institute -$90,340 $465,209 $6,101,339
Kansas Kansas Policy Institute $608,340 $598,576 $193,545
Kentucky Bluegrass Institute for Public Policy Solutions $329,547 $466,950 $77,751
Louisiana Pelican Institute for Public Policy $428,000 $509,574 $8,626
Maine Maine Heritage Policy Center $716,761 $855,821 $77,883
Maryland Calvert Institute for Policy Research
Maryland Free State Foundation $666,039 $491,034 $1,007,425
Maryland Maryland Public Policy Institute $323,314 $409,051 $196,326
Massachusetts Pioneer Institute $2,204,323 $1,616,241 $2,628,329
Michigan Mackinac Center for Public Policy $5,778,257 $3,925,505 $9,523,575
Minnesota Center of the American Experiment $799,736 $770,575 $6,327
Minnesota Freedom Foundation of Minnesota $418,957 $420,735 $4,154
Mississippi Mississippi Center for Public Policy $709,890 $723,635 $343,565
Missouri Show-Me Institute $1,434,730 $1,383,822 $468,189
Montana Montana Policy Institute $251,487 $436,855 $84,291
Nebraska Platte Institute for Economic Research $394,830 $422,697 $105,667
Nevada Nevada Policy Research Institute $603,803 $791,558 $872,043
New Hampshire Josiah Bartlett Center for Public Policy $247,808 $301,301 $34,217
New Jersey Common Sense Institute $193,023 $218,157 $106,758
New Jersey Solutions for New Jersey $5,000 $15,134 $197
New Mexico Rio Grande Foundation $363,912 $342,854 $66,509
New York Empire Center for New York State Policy (project of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research) $14,873,971 $13,417,313 $14,754,647
North Carolina John Locke Foundation $3,446,927 $3,401,906 $600,823
North Carolina John William Pope Civitas Institute $1,583,410 $1,489,622 $474,655
North Dakota North Dakota Policy Council
Ohio Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions $491,340 $623,952 $224,511
Oklahoma Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs $3,060,027 $1,806,961 $3,456,211
Oregon Cascade Policy Institute $943,525 $984,233 $442,438
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Foundation $1,951,566 $1,671,566 $709,983
Rhode Island Ocean State Policy Research Institute $218,854 $77,867 $140,987
South Carolina South Carolina Policy Council $1,014,882 $1,197,673 $607,216
South Dakota Great Plains Public Policy Institute
Tennessee Beacon Center of Tennessee $527,219 $536,835 $279,211
Texas Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute $705,481 $915,387 $398,747
Texas Texas Public Policy Foundation $5,756,074 $4,948,598 $4,235,880
Utah Sutherland Institute $1,309,705 $1,511,379 $144,874
Vermont Ethan Allen Institute $173,781 $113,223 $93,805
Virginia Thomas Jefferson Institute $259,018 $277,803 $32,094
Virginia Virginia Institute for Public Policy $126,638 $138,274 $82,385
Washington Freedom Foundation of Washington $2,148,032 $2,908,106 $502,865
Washington Washington Policy Center $1,513,481 $1,860,653 $1,810,517
West Virginia Public Policy Foundation of West Virginia $51,501 $36,942 $17,679
Wisconsin MacIver Institute for Public Policy $632,359 $504,410 $406,404
Wisconsin Wisconsin Policy Research Institute $695,036 $942,350 $2,146,242
Wyoming Wyoming Liberty Group $1,043,750 $973,058 $12,783
TOTAL SPN + 59 $83,254,201 $78,930,325 $73,671,215

(Data is based on organizations' IRS tax filing years, which may or may not correspond to calendar years.)

2010

Below is information from SPN's 2010 IRS Form 990:[57]

Revenue
Primary Revenue: $4,749,695
Other Revenue: $62,818
Total Revenue: $4,812,513

Expenses
Program Expenses: $766,175
Administrative Expenses: $863,178
Fundraising Expenses: $920,056
Total Functional Expenses: $3,941,133

Net Assets: $3,534,009

However, combined revenues of SPN itself along with its (then) 59 member state think tanks was $76.1 million, according to a review of the groups' IRS forms 990 by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD). See the chart below for more. When combined with the revenue of Heartland Institute, an SPN associate member that also focuses largely on state issues, the combined revenue in 2010 was $82.2 million.

State Think Tank 2010 Total Revenue 2010 Total Expenses 2010 Net Assets
NATIONAL State Policy Network $4,812,513 $3,941,113 $3,534,009
Alabama Alabama Policy Institute $1,100,517 $1,110,437 $576,881
Alaska Alaska Policy Forum $291,683 $126,590
Arizona Goldwater Institute $3,299,424 $3,506,634 $4,380,969
Arkansas Arkansas Policy Foundation $112,608 $113,327 $1,192
California Pacific Research Institute $3,923,123 $5,257,310 $3,601,719
Colorado Independence Institute $1,965,509 $1,963,635 $2,417,013
Connecticut Yankee Institute for Public Policy $582,392 $534,620 $222,535
Delaware Caesar Rodney Institute $319,768 $275,875 $99,560
Florida James Madison Institute $1,785,368 $1,107,183* $1,089,392
Georgia Georgia Public Policy Foundation $570,780 $611,182 $47,357
Hawaii Grassroot Institute of Hawaii $519,209 $495,469 $235,640
Idaho Idaho Freedom Foundation $494,134 $356,081 $289,255
Illinois Illinois Policy Institute $1,791,057 $1,732,183 $176,631
Indiana Indiana Policy Review Foundation $114,700 $147,629 $7,589
Iowa Public Interest Institute $1,119,463 $510,401 $7,198,734
Kansas Kansas Policy Institute $687,796 $683,675 $183,781
Kentucky Bluegrass Institute for Public Policy Solutions $400,403 $374,062 $212,718**
Louisiana Pelican Institute for Public Policy $435,450 $371,682 $90,200
Maine Maine Heritage Policy Center $1,071,606 $1,153,631 $216,943
Maryland Calvert Institute for Policy Research
Maryland Free State Foundation $489,458 $347,033 $832,420
Maryland Maryland Public Policy Institute $390,118 $372,190 $282,063
Massachusetts Pioneer Institute $1,255,039 $1,475,754 $2,040,246
Michigan Mackinac Center for Public Policy $3,511,159 $3,401,252 $7,581,106
Minnesota Center of the American Experiment $711,473 $651,873 -$22,834
Minnesota Freedom Foundation of Minnesota $280,704 $468,104* $5,932
Mississippi Mississippi Center for Public Policy $585,755 $726,949 $352,938
Missouri Show-Me Institute $1,695,988 $1,574,040 $417,281
Montana Montana Policy Institute $593,452 $428,425 $269,659
Nebraska Platte Institute for Economic Research $564,483 $464,873 $133,534
Nevada Nevada Policy Research Institute $776,450 $654,447 $1,072,828
New Hampshire Josiah Bartlett Center for Public Policy $228,770 $241,723 $87,642
New Jersey Common Sense Institute $275,020 $147,351 $131,894
New Jersey Solutions for New Jersey $54,227 $47,786 $6,121
New Mexico Rio Grande Foundation $450,785 $421,834 $45,451
New York Empire Center for New York State Policy (project of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research) $11,509,408 $12,415,804 $12,112,938
North Carolina John Locke Foundation $3,898,632 $3,644,714 $555,648
North Carolina John William Pope Civitas Institute $1,384,584 $1,599,000 $255,763
North Dakota North Dakota Policy Council
Ohio Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions $819,385 $531,271 $357,122
Oklahoma Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs $1,385,424 $1,412,168 $2,205,719
Oregon Cascade Policy Institute $988,404 $976,227 $483,146
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Foundation $1,369,386 $1,247,489 $429,983
Rhode Island Ocean State Policy Research Institute $253,975 $127,692 $141,770
South Carolina South Carolina Policy Council $1,248,397 $1,391,461 $790,007
South Dakota Great Plains Public Policy Institute
Tennessee Beacon Center of Tennessee $608,125 $360,582 $283,244
Texas Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute $867,632 $595,976 $608,653**
Texas Texas Public Policy Foundation $4,674,836 $3,390,188 $3,428,404
Utah Sutherland Institute $1,453,952 $1,321,873 $346,548
Vermont Ethan Allen Institute $160,370 $180,953 $63,247
Virginia Thomas Jefferson Institute $306,376 $298,312 $50,869
Virginia Virginia Institute for Public Policy $210,020 $204,821 $51,932
Washington Freedom Foundation of Washington $2,680,800 $2,676,198 $1,262,939
Washington Washington Policy Center $1,500,932 $1,889,632 $2,203,342
West Virginia Public Policy Foundation of West Virginia $35,011 $49,413 $3,120
Wisconsin MacIver Institute for Public Policy $404,334 $496,830 $278,455
Wisconsin Wisconsin Policy Research Institute $1,821,093 $1,748,844 $2,393,556
Wyoming Wyoming Liberty Group $1,253,526 $1,265,513 -$52,909
TOTAL SPN + 59 $76,094,986 $73,621,334 $66,071,895
* Data given on 2010 and 2011 Forms 990 is contradictory. This figure is from the 2010 Form 990.
** Data given on 2010 and 2011 Forms 990 is contradictory. This figure is from the 2011 Form 990.

(Data is based on organizations' IRS tax filing years, which may or may not correspond to calendar years.)

2009

Below is information from SPN's 2009 IRS Form 990:[58]

Revenue: $4,480,054

Expenses: $3,828,346

Net Assets: $2,672,883

However, combined revenues of SPN itself along with its then-58 member state think tanks (there were 59 member state think tanks in 2010, 2011, and 2012) was $64.2 million, according to a review of the groups' IRS forms 990 by CMD. Please see the chart below for more. When combined with the revenue of Heartland Institute, an SPN associate member that also focuses largely on state issues, the combined revenue in 2009 was $71 million.

State Think Tank 2009 Total Revenue 2009 Total Expenses 2009 Net Assets
NATIONAL State Policy Network $4,480,054 $3,828,346 $2,672,883
Alabama Alabama Policy Institute $1,106,954 $1,112,979 $632,334
Alaska Alaska Policy Forum $63,405 $20,501 $42,904
Arizona Goldwater Institute $2,540,977 $2,681,328 $4,557,541
Arkansas Arkansas Policy Foundation $132,054 $134,857 $1,911
California Pacific Research Institute $4,707,728 $4,962,507 $4,834,041
Colorado Independence Institute $1,469,690 $1,527,047 $2,403,353
Connecticut Yankee Institute for Public Policy $465,531 $402,778 $174,763
Delaware Caesar Rodney Institute $259,138 $206,242 $55,667
Florida James Madison Institute $909,458 $874,987 $411,208
Georgia Georgia Public Policy Foundation $583,209 $634,818 $87,759
Hawaii Grassroot Institute of Hawaii $387,191 $519,000 $211,900
Idaho Idaho Freedom Foundation $369,377 $218,275 $151,202
Illinois Illinois Policy Institute $1,469,110 $1,327,172 $117,757
Indiana Indiana Policy Review Foundation $153,231 $159,179 $40,519
Iowa Public Interest Institute $1,661,139 $530,950 $6,589,672
Kansas Kansas Policy Institute $601,224 $527,245 $179,660
Kentucky Bluegrass Institute for Public Policy Solutions $430,686 $422,875 $196,526
Louisiana Pelican Institute for Public Policy $377,978 $215,938 $26,432
Maine Maine Heritage Policy Center $1,306,093 $1,291,520 $298,968
Maryland Calvert Institute for Policy Research
Maryland Maryland Public Policy Institute $376,543 $320,252 $264,135
Massachusetts Pioneer Institute $1,372,090 $1,342,630 $1,715,824
Michigan Mackinac Center for Public Policy $3,310,018 $3,377,168 $7,345,742
Minnesota Center of the American Experiment $744,556 $658,994 -$82,434
Minnesota Freedom Foundation of Minnesota $549,963 $335,375 $193,332
Mississippi Mississippi Center for Public Policy $725,007 $740,824 $45,279
Missouri Show-Me Institute $1,931,999 $1,764,858 $295,333
Montana Montana Policy Institute $242,105 $347,747 $104,632
Nebraska Platte Institute for Economic Research $441,844 $412,490 $33,924
Nevada Nevada Policy Research Institute $659,931 $631,363 $945,002
New Hampshire Josiah Bartlett Center for Public Policy $315,887 $323,502 $103,124
New Jersey Common Sense Institute $5,000 $775 $4,225
New Jersey Solutions for New Jersey, Inc. $0 $1,080 -$1,255
New Mexico Rio Grande Foundation $262,253 $442,884 $16,500
New York Empire Center for New York State Policy (project of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research Inc.) $6,128,425 $8,352,484 $13,162,062
North Carolina John Locke Foundation $3,624,086 $3,549,208 $301,730
North Carolina John William Pope Civitas Institute $1,066,592 $1,551,161 $457,628
North Dakota North Dakota Policy Council $209,833 $239,089 $68,764
Ohio Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions $878,745 $655,685 $69,008
Oklahoma Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs $1,062,784 $1,064,986 $2,217,243
Oregon Cascade Policy Institute $912,019 $981,683 $470,969
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Foundation $1,032,887 $1,125,595 $308,086
Rhode Island Ocean State Policy Research Institute $243,599 $243,140 $15,487
South Carolina South Carolina Policy Council $1,426,970 $1,257,078 $933,071
South Dakota Great Plains Public Policy Institute
Tennessee Tennessee Center for Policy Research $463,320 $583,135 $35,701
Texas Texas Public Policy Foundation $3,223,804 $3,026,663 $2,143,756
Utah Sutherland Institute $1,335,989 $1,273,550 $214,469
Vermont Ethan Allen Institute $146,885 $170,157 $90,497
Virginia Thomas Jefferson Institute $224,363 $266,545 $42,815
Virginia Virginia Institute for Public Policy $319,528 $321,183 $79,899
Washington Evergreen Freedom Foundation $2,338,192 $2,686,930 $1,249,633
Washington Washington Policy Center $1,149,317 $1,661,953 $2,516,590
West Virginia Public Policy Foundation of West Virginia $61,183 $111,282 $17,522
Wisconsin MacIver Institute for Public Policy $584,944 $384,756 $370,951
Wisconsin Wisconsin Policy Research Institute $884,047 $670,575 $2,321,307
Wyoming Wyoming Liberty Group $733,133 $789,044 -$40,922
TOTAL SPN + 58 $64,186,341 $63,849,013 $62,003,211

(Data is based on organizations' IRS tax filing years, which may or may not correspond to calendar years.)

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References

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